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研究生:賴彥志
研究生(外文):Lai, Yen-Chih
論文名稱:注意力缺陷過動症及一般兒童在虛擬與非虛擬情境之注意力研究
論文名稱(外文):The Performance of Children with and without ADHD in Virtual Reality and non-Virtual Reality Measurements of Attention
指導教授:洪儷瑜洪儷瑜引用關係劉子鍵劉子鍵引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hung, Li-YuLiu, Tzu-Chien
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:特殊教育學系
學門:教育學門
學類:特殊教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:190
中文關鍵詞:虛擬與非虛擬測驗注意力注意力缺陷過動症一般兒童
外文關鍵詞:virtual reality and non-virtual realityattentionADHDchildren without ADHD
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本研究之目的為探討國小注意力缺陷過動兒童(以下簡稱ADHD)及一般兒童於不同測驗情境之注意力表現,及虛擬情境評量注意力之應用可能性。本研究綜合Cohen(2014)、Posner(2011)及Sohlberg和Mateer(2005)等人三種注意力理論,將其注意力類型分成五種,如集中性、選擇性、交替性、分散性及持續性注意力,並各自安排非虛擬及虛擬情境之評量作為本研究工具。研究對象取自新北市某國小三年級到六年級學生,共四十位,ADHD兒童分兩部分取得,一為已經由醫師診斷為注意力缺陷過動症,二為依據洪儷瑜等人(2001)之學校本位發現ADHD程序,由班級導師提名具有注意力不集中、過動或衝動等行為學生,共二十一位;一般兒童則與ADHD兒童採配對方式,如年齡、性別,共十九位學生。
所有兒童皆參加非虛擬與虛擬測驗,研究結果發現:(1)不同測驗情境之各項注意力評量的相關性結果:正確分數彼此成現正相關、平均反應時間與省略錯誤呈正相關、與衝動錯誤呈負相關。(2)不同測驗情境之各項注意力評量的差異分析:兩組兒童於非虛擬與虛擬測驗的表現均有顯著差異,大都在正確數及錯誤類型,表示ADHD兒童於集中/選擇、交替性、分散性及持續性注意力表現顯著差於一般兒童,但反應時間差異不大。
根據上述結果,本研究針對研究對象、測驗工具和研究設計提出限制及建議。
The purpose of the study was to investigate (a) the relationship of five types of attention performance between non-virtual and virtual assessment; (b) the differences of attention between children with and without ADHD assessed by virtual an non-virtual assessment.

Five types of attention were concluded from three theories of attention, Cohen (2014), Posner (2011), and Sohlberg & Mateer (2005) , which were focused, selective, alternating, divided, and sustained attention. There were 40 children selected from third to sixth grade in one primary school in northern Taiwan, who were devided into two group, 21 ADHD children and 19 typical development children selected as matching with ADHD peers.

All the participants were administrated by non-virtual and virtual assessment individually, (a) Most measruemet of attentions, both in non-virtual and virtual, their means of response time were positively correlated with omission and were negatively correlated with commission. (b) Children with ADHD and children without ADHD were found significantly different on the number of corrects, the types of errors on five types of attention ( focused, selective, alternating, divided, and sustained attention), both in nonvirtual and virtual. However, difference in response time of measurements between two groups failed to be found .

On the base of the findings, the limitationd and suggestions about participants, measurement, and research design are made.
中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
目錄 IV
附錄 VI
圖目錄 VII
表目錄 VIII

第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景與動機 1
第二節 研究目的與待答問題 6
第三節 名詞釋義 8

第二章 文獻探討 11
第一節 注意力缺陷過動症之症狀探討 11
第二節 注意力理論及測量 23
第三節 虛擬實境及其相關研究 40

第三章 研究方法 53
第一節 研究對象 53
第二節 研究設計 63
第三節 研究工具 65
第四節 研究流程 80
第五節 資料分析 83

第四章 研究結果與討論 85
第一節 各注意力測驗間的相關性 85
第二節 兩組兒童於不同測驗情境之表現差異 139

第五章 結論與建議 . 167
第一節 結論 167
第二節 研究限制與建議 169

參考文獻 171
壹、中文部分 171
貳、英文部分 173

附錄一 189
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