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研究生:郭育瑄
研究生(外文):Kuo, Yu-Hsuan
論文名稱:高溫環境對臨界負荷、運動耐受性與肌肉氧合作用之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effects of heat condition on critical power, exercise tolerance and muscle oxygenation
指導教授:鄭景峰鄭景峰引用關係
指導教授(外文):Cheng, Ching-Feng
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣師範大學
系所名稱:體育學系
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:90
中文關鍵詞:運動測驗有氧能力運動至衰竭時間肌肉攝氧量運動強度區間
外文關鍵詞:exercise testaerobic capacitytime to exhaustionmuscle oxygen uptakeexercise intensity domain
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目的:本研究旨在觀察不同環境溫度對臨界負荷、運動耐受性和肺部、腿部肌肉氧合作用的影響。方法:以12名男性自行車運動員為受試對象,採隨機交叉之實驗設計,受試者須在高溫 (35°C, HT) 和常溫 (22°C, NT),分別執行遞增負荷運動測驗 (IET)、3分鐘衰竭測驗 (3MT)、高強度和激烈強度固定負荷運動測驗。測驗間至少間隔48小時。測驗過程中,使用能量分析儀收集攝氧量,並分析最大攝氧量 (VO2max)、第一換氣閾值 (VT1)、第二換氣閾值 (VT2) 並各別對應其輸出功率 (wVO2max、wVT1和wVT2) 及攝氧動力學數據,同時監測心跳率、肺部和腿部作用肌群的肌肉氧合濃度 [包含總血紅素、含氧血紅素 (O2Hb)、去氧血紅素 (HHb) 及組織氧合指標 (TSI)],運動表現記錄包括結束功率 (EP)、高於EP之總作功 (WEP)、功率峰值和平均功率,以及高強度和激烈強度的運動持續時間。結果:IET顯示,VO2max在HT明顯高於NT (NT vs. HT, 59.3 ± 7.6 vs. 61.3 ± 8.0 ml·kg-1·min-1, p < .05),但VT1、VT2和最大心跳率則沒有明顯差異。然而,wVO2max (NT vs. HT, 355 ± 42 vs. 335 ± 44 W)、wVT1 (NT vs. HT, 205 ± 22 vs. 190 ± 23 W) 和wVT2 (NT vs. HT, 243 ± 27 vs. 230 ± 32 W) 在NT明顯高於HT (p < .05)。而在NT 時的3MT運動表現 (NT vs. HT,EP,228 ± 34 vs. 219 ± 33 W;功率峰值,606 ± 82 vs. 588 ± 87 W;平均功率,308 ± 32 vs. 300 ± 34 W) 都明顯高於HT (p < .05),而WEP除外。此外,在相同環境溫度的wVT2和EP (NT, r = .674; HT, r = .672) 以及VO2max和VO2peak (NT, r = .877; HT, r = .893),皆具顯著相關 (p < .05)。在高強度運動部分,HT的生理反應和肌肉氧飽和度在腿部O2Hb和TSI,皆明顯低於NT,而HHb則明顯較高。在激烈強度部分發現,雖然HT的運動耐受性明顯較短於NT,但仍符合激烈強度所需達到的運動持續時間。結論:雖然HT會造成運動時生理壓力的增加,不利運動表現,但不論是在高溫或常溫下,3MT所測得之EP可以適當地評估有氧適能,且均可作為劃分高強度和激烈強度運動區間之強度界線。
Purpose: To investigate the effects of heat condition on critical power (CP), exercise tolerance, and muscle oxygenation in respiratory and locomotor muscles. Methods: Twelve male cyclists were recruited in the randomized crossover design study. Each subject was required to perform incremental exercise tests, 3-min all-out tests (3MT), and high-intensity and severe-intensity constant load exercises in both high-temperature (HT, 33°C) and neutral-temperature (NT, 22°C) environments. All trials were conducted at least 48 hours apart. Physiological responses, such as maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), first and second ventilatory thresholds (VT1 and VT2) against the power output (wVO2max, wVT1, and wVT2), and VO2 kinetics were measured during the tests. During each trial, heart rate (HR) and muscle oxygenation in respiratory and locomotor muscles were continuously monitored, including total hemoglobin, oxygenated hemoglobin (O2Hb), deoxygenated hemoglobin (HHb), and tissue saturation index (TSI). End power (EP), anaerobic capacity (WEP), and time to exhaustion were recorded during the tests. Results: VO2max under HT was significantly higher than that under NT (NT vs. HT: 59.3 ± 7.6 vs. 61.3 ± 8.0 ml·kg−1·min−1, p < .05), but no significant difference was noted between these conditions for VT1, VT2, or HRmax. However, wVO2max (NT vs. HT: 355 ± 42 vs. 335 ± 44 W), wVT1 (NT vs. HT: 205 ± 22 vs. 190 ± 23 W), and wVT2 (NT vs. HT: 243 ± 27 vs. 230 ± 32 W) were significantly higher under NT than HT (p < .05). During the 3MT, exercise performance (NT vs. HT: EP, 228 ± 34 vs. 219 ± 33 W; peak power, 606 ± 82 vs. 588 ± 87 W; mean power, 308 ± 32 vs. 300 ± 34 W) was significantly higher under NT than HT (p < .05), with the exception of WEP. Furthermore, significant correlations were observed both between wVT2 and EP (NT, r = .674; HT, r = .672, p < .05), and between VO2max and VO2peak (NT, r = .877; HT, r = .893, p < .05) under the same conditions. During high-intensity exercise sessions, physiological responses and muscle oxygenation of locomotor muscles were significantly higher (HHb) and lower (O2Hb and TSI) under HT than NT. Exercise tolerance during severe-intensity exercise was significantly lower under HT than NT; nevertheless, the exercise duration was sufficient for practical application. Conclusion: Although the increased physiological stress resulted from HT might impair exercise performance, the EP derived from 3MT can accurately estimate aerobic capacity and distinguish high- from severe-intensity exercise, regardless of NT or HT conditions.
中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
目次 iii
表次 vi
圖次 vii

第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 前言 1
第二節 研究的重要性4
第三節 研究目的 4
第四節 研究假設 5
第五節 研究範圍 5
第六節 研究限制 6
第七節 名詞操作性定義 6

第貳章 文獻探討 9
第一節 高溫環境對3分鐘衰竭測驗之影響 9
第二節 高溫環境對高強度耐力運動之影響 11
第三節 臨界負荷持續性評估與相關文獻探討 14
第四節 高溫環境對肌肉氧合反應之影響 16
第五節 攝氧動力學評估與相關文獻探討 17
第六節 本章總結 20

第參章 研究方法與步驟 21
第一節 受試對象 21
第二節 實驗設計 21
第三節 實驗時間與地點 22
第四節 實驗流程圖 22
第五節 實驗儀器與設備 23
第六節 實驗方法與步驟 24
第七節 統計分析 33

第肆章 結果 34
第一節 受試者基本資料 34
第二節 不同環境溫度對遞增負荷運動測驗的影響 35
第三節 不同環境溫度對3MT表現之影響 37
第四節 不同環境溫度對高強度運動耐受性及相關指標之影響 42
第五節 不同環境溫度對激烈強度運動耐受性及相關指標之影響 51

第伍章 討論 59
第一節 高溫環境對遞增負荷運動測驗之影響 59
第二節 高溫環境對3MT表現之影響 61
第三節 高溫環境對高強度運動表現之影響 64
第四節 高溫環境對激烈強度運動耐受性之影響 66
第五節 綜合討論 68
第六節 結論與建議 71

參考文獻 72

附錄 83
附錄一 研究參與者知情同意書 83
附錄二 健康情況調查表 88
附錄三 實驗紀錄表1 89
附錄四 實驗紀錄表2 90
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