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研究生:洪郁涵
研究生(外文):Yu-Han Hung
論文名稱:含減碳投資之隨機需求整合存貨模式
論文名稱(外文):An integrated inventory model with emission reduction investment under stochastic demand
指導教授:張宏吉張宏吉引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺中科技大學
系所名稱:流通管理系碩士班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:行銷與流通學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:53
中文關鍵詞:減碳投資碳稅限額與交易隨機需求整合存貨模式
外文關鍵詞:emission reduction investmenttaxcap and tradestochastic demandintegrated inventory model
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全球暖化及溫室氣體的排放已成為現今不容忽視的環境議題,因而許多關於生產存貨問題的研究開始加入碳排放規範的討論,或進一步考慮投資綠能科技來減少碳排放量,藉此制定較佳的決策或作業方式,期達到永續經營的目標並負起社會環境責任。本文在隨機需求的環境下,針對兩種碳排放規範(碳稅,及限額與交易)並考慮減碳投資方案,據此建立買賣整合存貨模式,目標為制定最佳的減碳投資與存貨策略,決策變數包括訂購數量、再訂購點、運送次數、及減碳投資金額,以達到系統期望總成本最小化。有關前置時間內需求量之分配,則考慮傳統的常態分配及分配形式未知兩種情形。本研究透過數值範例來說明模式的求解結果,同時進行敏感度分析;數值結果顯示,含減碳投資之碳稅規範模式與傳統模式相比,總碳排放量減少;含減碳投資之限額與交易規範模式與傳統模式相比,系統期望總成本及總碳排放量均減少。
Global warming and greenhouse gas emission have become an environmental issue now, so many studies related to the production and inventory problems begin to discuss carbon emission policies, or further consider through investing green technology to reduce carbon emission. The idea is by making better decisions or operating methods to achieve the objective of social environmental sustainability. This study establishes a vender-buyer integrated inventory model under stochastic demand with regard to two carbon emission policies (tax and cap-and-trade) and emission reduction investment plan. The objective is to find the optimal investing and inventory strategy for the model, which decision variables are order quantity, reorder point, number of shipments, and amount of emission reduction investment, so as to minimize the expected total cost. Besides, for the lead-time demand, we consider the normal distribution case and distribution free case. We use numerical example to illustrate the results of proposed models and perform sensitivity analysis. The numerical results show that comparing the tax policy model with emission reduction investment to the traditional model, the total carbon emission is reduced. Comparing the cap-and-trade policy model with emission reduction investment to the traditional model, both the expected total cost and total carbon emission are reduced.
摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VI
表目錄 VII
第1章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究架構 3
第2章 文獻回顧 5
2.1 隨機需求整合存貨模式 5
2.2 碳排放規範 6
2.3 減碳投資 8
第3章 隨機需求下減碳投資之整合存貨模式 11
3.1 減碳投資函數 12
3.2 符號定義與基本假設 13
3.3 隨機需求整合存貨模式 14
3.4 碳稅規範下減碳投資之整合存貨模式 17
3.4.1 前置時間內需求量為常態分配 19
3.4.2 前置時間內需求量的分配形式為未知 21
3.5 限額與交易規範下減碳投資之整合存貨模式 22
3.5.1 前置時間內需求量為常態分配 24
3.5.2 前置時間內需求量的分配形式未知 25
第4章 數值範例與敏感度分析 26
4.1 碳稅規範下之數值範例 27
4.1.1 有無碳稅規範及是否減碳投資之模式結果比較 28
4.1.2 敏感度分析 30
4.2 限額與交易規範下之數值範例 35
4.2.1 有無限額與交易規範及是否減碳投資之模式結果比較 35
4.2.2 敏感度分析 37
4.3 前置時間內需求量的分配形式未知之數值範例 42
4.3.1 碳稅規範下之範例 42
4.3.2 限額與交易規範下之範例 43
第5章 結論 44
5.1 研究結果 44
5.2 未來研究方向 46
附錄A 47
參考文獻 49
中文文獻 49
英文文獻 49
中文文獻
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2.林盈安 (民104)。考量碳排放政策與綠化減碳投資之供應鏈整合存貨模式。國立成功大學工業與資訊管理學系碩士論文。
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