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研究生:陳俊良
研究生(外文):Chun-Liang Chen
論文名稱:台灣健身房的文化轉型:結構詮釋學的分析
論文名稱(外文):The Cultural Transition of Gyms in Taiwan: A Structural Hermeneutic Analysis
指導教授:張志銘張志銘引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chih-Ming Chang
口試委員:黃聖哲方念萱盧玉珍
口試委員(外文):Sheng-Jer HuangNian-Xuan FangYu-Zhen Lu
口試日期:2019-06-25
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:國家發展研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:綜合社會及行為科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:238
中文關鍵詞:健身房舞蹈身體技術健康概念體育政策文化政策結構詮釋學
DOI:10.6342/NTU201901455
相關次數:
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本論文旨在探討全球在地化脈絡下,台灣所流行的健身房和健身俱樂部之文化轉型。一方面從歷史、社會學、人類學、商業模式、社會工作和公共政策的軸線切入,另一方面也延伸至心理學、地理學、身體技術、健康概念、運動科學和公共衛生的軸線。其間探討重訓社群、舞蹈社群、瑜珈社群和武術社群的緣由與複合關係。性別、文化、社群主義、生活風格和運動社會學等議題也納入考量。在研究方法上,除了回顧既有的國、內外文獻,也採用德國社會學家Ulrich Oevermann所倡導的結構詮釋學與序列分析研究方式。隨著表演藝術進入課綱、《國民體育法》的修正和《文化基本法》的通過,體育政策和文化政策受到更多關注,期待未來的研究可以在理論建構、資源分配和相關政策(包括社會政策和經濟政策)的跨領域評估上,能有更具體的成果。
The thesis aims to explore the cultural transition of prevalent gyms and fitness centers in Taiwan within the context of glocalization. In one way, this study takes the approaches of history, sociology, anthropology, business model, social work and public policy, and in the other, this also probes the fields of psychology, geography, body techniques, health concepts, sports science and public health. In between, the origin and interaction among the weightlifting community, the dance community, the yoga community, and the martial arts community are discussed. Issues like gender, culture, communitarianism, lifestyle and the sociology of sports are taken into consideration as well. Regarding research methods, the structural hermeneutics and sequence analysis advocated by German sociologist Ulrich Oevermann are adopted in addition to domestic and foreign literature review. With performing arts entering curriculum guidelines, the revision of National Sports Act, and the passage of Culture Basic Law, physical education policy and cultural policy have drawn more attention; hopefully, subsequent researches can yield more concrete achievements in theory building, resource allocation, and the interdisciplinary evaluation of related policies, including social policy and economic policy.
口試委員會審定書………………………………………………………………………i
謝辭…………………………………………………………………………………. ….ii
中文摘要………………………………………………………………………………..iii
英文摘要………………………………………………………………………………..iv

第一章 緒 論………………………………………………………………………....1
第一節 研究緣起與問題意識…………………………………………………...1
壹、研究緣起………………………………………….………………………1
貳、問題意識………………………………………………………………..10
第二節 研究目的與主要研究問題……………………………………………..25
壹、研究目的………………………………………………………………..25
貳、主要研究問題…………………………………………………………..25
第二章 相關理論回顧與文獻探討…………………………………………………..27
第一節 相關概念檢討…………………………………………………………..28
壹、台灣健身房簡史………………………………………………………..28
貳、對於健身房的概念界定………………………………………………...29
參、健身房與舞蹈…………………………………………………………..33
肆、身體與技術vs.文化與自然…………………………………………….40
伍、健康概念………………………………………………………………..43
陸、消費文化與生活風格…………………………………………………..48
第二節 相關理論檢討…………………………………………………………..51
壹、人類學與劇場中的舞蹈…………..……………………………………52
貳、健身房中的專業主義…………………………………………………..53
參、健身房中的性別向度…………………………………………………..56
肆、社群主義、寰宇主義與文化公民身分………………………………….58
伍、運動社會學與體育政策………………………………………………..62
陸、強身派基督教與身體文化……………………………………………...65
第三節 國內、外相關研究檢討………………………………………………..66
壹、國內相關研究…………………………………………………………..66
貳、國外相關研究…………………………………………………………..70
第三章 研究設計……………………………………………………………………..97
第一節 研究途徑與研究方法…………………………………………………..97
壹、針對健身房品牌特色的次級資料分析………………………………..97
貳、針對健身房教師/教練心路歷程的分析……………………………100
參、深度訪談法……………………………………………………………100
肆、結構詮釋學與序列分析………………………………………………102
第二節 研究架構………………………………………………………………106
第三節 研究對象與資料來源…………………………………………………108
壹、研究對象………………………………………………………………108
貳、資料來源………………………………………………………………109
第四章 個案A訪談的序列分析……………………………………………………109
第一節 受訪者資料……………………………………………………………109
第二節 受訪者生命史…………………………………………………………109
第三節 訪談的序列分析………………………………………………………109
第四節 小結……………………………………………………………………119
第五章 個案B訪談的序列分析……………………………………………………119
第一節 受訪者資料……………………………………………………………119
第二節 受訪者生命史…………………………………………………………120
第三節 訪談的序列分析………………………………………………………120
第四節 自我搬演………………………………………………………………126
第六章 個案C訪談的序列分析……………………………………………………127
第一節 受訪者資料……………………………………………………………127
第二節 受訪者生命史…………………………………………………………127
第三節 訪談的序列分析………………………………………………………127
第四節 自我搬演………………………………………………………………132
第七章 個案D訪談的序列分析……………………………………………………133
第一節 受訪者資料……………………………………………………………133
第二節 受訪者生命史…………………………………………………………133
第三節 訪談的序列分析………………………………………………………133
第四節 小結……………………………………………………………………139
第八章 結論…………………………………………………………………………139
第一節 主要研究發現…………………………………………………………139
第二節 後續研究建議…………………………………………………………140
第三節 政策建議………………………………………………………………143
參考文獻………………………………………………………………………………148
壹、中文……………………………………………………………………148
貳、英文……………………………………………………………………155
參、其他西文………………………………………………………………175
肆、日文……………………………………………………………………175
附錄一 國、內外健身房發展簡史…………………………………………………176
附錄二 台灣健身房發展三階段簡表………………………………………………187
附錄三 街舞領域發展年表…………………………………………………………188
附錄四 國內健身房/健身俱樂部相關論文………………………………………192
附錄五 相關法規……………………………………………………………………196
附錄六 新聞報導……………………………………………………………………221
附錄七 文學作品……………………………………………………………………233
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參、其他西文
Bessy, O. (1987). Les Salles de Gymnastique: un Marché du Corps et de la Forme. Le Nouvel Age du Sport, Esprit Ⅳ: 79-94.
Blech, J. (2003). Die Krankheitserfinder. Wie wir zu Patienten gemacht werden. London: BMJ Publishing Group.
Blech, J. (2005). Heillose Medizin: Fragwürdige Therapien und wie Sie sich davor schützen können. Frankfurt: S. Fischer
Esposito, R. (2000). 2000: L''Université de tous les Savoirs, Le Monde, 19 Décembre.
Mattelart, A. (2011). Diversité Culturelle et Mondialisation. Paris: La Découverte.
Stoll, O. (1997). Endorphine, Laufsucht und Runner''s High. Aufstieg und Niedergang eines Mythos. Leipziger Sportwissenschaftliche Beiträge, 28(1), 102-121.

肆、日文
三石善吉(1989)。传统中国的内发性发展。北京:中央編譯出版社。
鶴見和子(1989)。内発的発展論。東京:東京大学出版会。
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