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研究生(外文):Bo-Jun Shen
論文名稱(外文):The Age-related Decline in Destination Memory and Its Relationship to Learning Performance and Executive Functions
指導教授(外文):Yu-Ling Chang
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Destination memory (DM) refers to the ability to remember the destination where someone had transferred something. Several studies have demonstrated DM declined in normal aging process and proposed that additional executive functions (EFs) may involve to contribute to correct destination attribution. The purpose of present study is to examine the effects of repetition on DM and the roles of learning performance during study phase and EFs playing in DM. In our experiment, the number of repetition was manipulated within destination memory task, in which unique object-face pairs would present once (R0 item), twice (R1 item), or thrice (R2 item) during the study phase. Participants were instructed to identify to which of the two unfamiliar faces they just gave the object during the study phase. There were three major findings in present study. First, the effects of repetition on DM in both age groups were evident. Second, under control of age and education, learning performance could predict destination memory. Third, under control of age, education, learning performance, and episodic memory, shifting could predict destination memory. Our results suggested that learning inefficiency can partially explain poor destination memory as well as additional processes of cognitive control are involved to contribute destination memory performance.
1. Introduction 1
1.1. Destination Memory 1
1.2. Destination Memory Declined in Normal Aging Process 1
1.3. Destination Memory and Executive Functions 2
2. Method 5
2.1. Participants 5
2.2. Apparatus and Program 6
2.3. Destination Memory Task 6
2.4. Neuropsychological Evaluation 10
2.5. Statistical Analyses 11
3. Results 13
3.1. Cognitive Characteristics 13
3.2. Learning Performance, Item Memory and Destination Memory 13
3.3. Hierarchical Regression Analyses 14
4. Discussion 16
5. References 20
Appendix I: The Updating Task 24
Appendix II: The Shifting Task 25
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