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研究生:夏紫穎
研究生(外文):Tzu-Ying Hsia
論文名稱:混合磁鐵輔助式磁阻馬達之轉子最佳化設計
論文名稱(外文):Rotor Design of Hybrid PMaSynRM Using Optimization
指導教授:鄭榮和
口試委員:劉霆呂百修
口試日期:2019-07-18
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:機械工程學研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:75
中文關鍵詞:磁鐵輔助式磁阻馬達稀土磁鐵鐵氧體磁鐵最佳化方法磁阻力矩
DOI:10.6342/NTU201903413
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本論文著重在磁鐵輔助式磁阻馬達的轉子設計,以降低轉子磁鐵成本為目標,使用成本較高的稀土磁鐵及較低的鐵氧體磁鐵兩種磁鐵混合設計,並利用磁鐵輔助式磁阻馬達的高磁阻力矩特性,結合最佳化方法,得到力矩達150Nm的最佳化馬達,與原型馬達比較結果成功減少稀土磁鐵體積的24%並降低總磁鐵成本的15%。
This study focuses on the development of rotor of Permanent Magnet Assisted Synchronous Reluctance Motor (PMaSynRM). The target is to reduce the cost of the rotor magnet by using hybrid magnet including expensive NdFeB magnet and cheap ferrite magnet and the advantage of high-reluctant-torque PMaSynRM. Combined the method of optimization, the study develops the optimal motor having 150Nm. It reduces 24% of the magnet volume and 15% of the cost of magnet compare to the original motor.
致謝 I
摘要 II
Abstract III
目錄 IV
圖目錄 VII
表目錄 XI
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 前言 1
1.2 研究背景與動機 2
1.3 論文架構 2
1.4 使用軟體簡介 4
1.4.1 Maxwell 2D(版本2018.2)[6] 4
1.4.2 ANSYS Workbench(版本19.2)[7] 4
1.4.3 Optimus(版本2018)[8] 5
第二章 理論背景與文獻回顧 6
2.1 馬達理論背景 6
2.1.1 驅動馬達種類介紹 6
2.1.2 磁場與等效磁路介紹 8
2.1.3 磁性材料特性介紹 10
2.1.4 馬達的損失與效率 14
2.2 文獻回顧 16
2.2.1 永磁馬達與磁鐵輔助式磁阻馬達的比較 16
2.2.2 永磁馬達及磁鐵輔助式磁阻馬達轉子磁障研究 22
2.2.3 磁鐵輔助式磁阻馬達設計方法 24
2.2.4 小結 27
第三章 原型馬達分析與驗證 28
3.1 設計目標與限制 28
3.2 原型馬達設計簡介 29
3.3 原型馬達分析與驗證 32
3.3.1 分析驗證 32
3.3.2 實體及測試設備簡介 34
3.3.3 分析結果與測試比較 38
3.4 小結 39
第四章 轉子模型探討 40
4.1 磁障形狀探討 40
4.2 磁障層數探討 42
4.3 混合磁鐵擺放位置探討 44
4.4 小結 46
第五章 轉子最佳化設計 47
5.1 最佳化方法介紹 47
5.2 模型及參數介紹 49
5.3 最佳化過程及結果 51
5.3.1 多目標設定 51
5.3.2 最佳化過程 52
5.3.3 最佳化結果 55
5.4 小結 58
第六章 其他性能分析與成果總結 59
6.1 頓轉轉矩分析 59
6.2 最大轉速及最大功率分析 60
6.3 效率分析 60
6.4 效率圖 63
6.5 轉子結構分析 64
6.1 成果總結 66
第七章 總結與未來設計方向 68
7.1 總結 68
7.2 未來設計方向 70
參考文獻 72
參考文獻
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