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研究生:高彣潔
研究生(外文):Wen-Chieh Kao
論文名稱:利用高時間解析度資料進行台北地區細懸浮微粒來源分析與探討該地區細懸浮微粒成份之垂直空間變異
論文名稱(外文):Source apportionment of PM2.5 in Taipei using highly time-resolved data and evaluation of the vertical variation of PM2.5 compositions
指導教授:吳章甫吳章甫引用關係
口試委員:蔡詩偉邱嘉斌
口試日期:2018-10-24
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:環境衛生研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:公共衛生學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2018
畢業學年度:107
語文別:英文
論文頁數:69
中文關鍵詞:細懸浮微粒來源分析正矩陣因子法垂直變異元素成分
DOI:10.6342/NTU201804227
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
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暴露到細懸浮微粒 (Fine particulate matter, PM2.5)可能會導致多重健康危害,嚴重則可能致死。為維護大眾健康,了解PM2.5之來源是有必要的。正矩陣因子法 (Positive Matrix Factorization, PMF)是常被用於研究污染來源的一種受體模式,本研究以PMF搭配高時間解析度資料進行分析,使用34天的小時值監測資料,樣本數共664筆。最終,本研究解析出台北地區的七個污染源,其中以硫酸銨/新鮮海鹽為最大污染源 (28.17%),接著依序是硝酸銨/金屬製造 (25.53%)、非鐵冶金工業/老化海鹽 (15.47)、交通 (15.25%)、土壤 (7.32%)、船隻排放 (5.33%)以及煙火 (2.93%)。在台北地區,有超過一半的居民居住於三樓以上,另外,先前的研究指出,高架橋也是影響PM2.5分布的重要因素。因此,為了瞭解PM2.5在垂直空間的變異,以及交通因素對其影響,本研究選定鄰近高架橋的大樓作為樓層採樣的地點。所收集樣本測量PM2.5總重、16種元素、反射度以及3種離子。在垂直分布上,典型與長程傳輸有關的成分,沒有觀察到明顯的垂直變異,而與交通或是揚塵相關的成分,則會受到高架橋的影響。結果顯示交通排放是台北地區的重要污染來源並且可能會影響PM2.5成分的垂直分布。
Exposure to fine particulate matter (PM2.5) may cause multiple health hazards. In severe cases, PM2.5 may result in death. In order to protect public health, it is necessary to understand the sources of PM2.5. Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) is a receptor model commonly applied for source apportionment. This study performed PMF with highly time-resolved data. The sampling duration was 34 days and the sample size of hourly data was 664. Finally, the study identified seven sources in Taipei, with Ammonia sulfate/ Fresh sea salt as the largest source (28.17%), followed by Ammonia nitrate/ Metal manufacturing (25.53%), Non-ferrous metallurgy/Aged sea salt (15.47%), Traffic (15.25%), Soil dust (7.32%), Ship emission (5.33%) and Firework (2.93%). In addition, this study selected a building adjacent to the viaduct as the sampling site to evaluate vertical variation of PM2.5. All the manual samples were analyzed for the concentrations of PM2.5, 16 elements, absorption coefficient and 3 ions. In the vertical distribution, apparent variation was not observed for the components associated with long-range transportation while the components associated with traffic or soil dust were affected by viaducts. The results show that traffic is an important source of PM2.5 in Taipei and may affect the vertical distribution of PM2.5 components.
摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
CONTENTS iii
LIST OF FIGURES v
LIST OF TABLES vii
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
Chapter 2 Materials and Methods 8
2.1 Continuous Monitoring in Taipei 8
2.1.1 Introduction of sampling site 8
2.1.2 Data Collection 8
2.1.3 Mass closure 9
2.2 Model Descriptions 11
2.2.1 Positive Matrix Factorization (PMF) 11
2.2.2 Quality assurance and control of data 13
2.2.3 Determination of the number of sources 13
2.2.4 Block bootstrap 14
2.2.5 Profile interpretation 15
2.3 Manual Sampling at Floors 16
2.3.1 Introduction of sampling site 16
2.3.2 Data Collection and Chemical Analysis 16
2.3.3 Quality Assurance and Quality Control (QA/QC) 18
Chapter 3 Results and Discussion 22
3.1 Source apportionment with continuous data in Taipei 22
3.1.1 Descriptive analysis 22
3.1.2 Input data 23
3.1.3 Determination of source numbers 24
3.1.4 Source identification and source contributions 25
3.2 Results of manual sampling at floors 30
3.2.1 Descriptive Analysis 30
3.2.2 Vertical Characteristics of PM2.5 and the species concentration 31
3.3 Study limitation 33
Chapter 4 Conclusions and Recommendations 34
REFERENCE 55
Appendix 62
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