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研究生:陳筱玲
研究生(外文):Hsiao-Ling Chen
論文名稱:策略性鎮靜治療措施在降低高齡胰十二指腸切除術患者之疼痛、焦慮與術後合併症之成效探討
論文名稱(外文):The Effectiveness of Applying Strategic Preemptive Sedation to Reduce Pain, Anxiety and Postoperative Complications on Geriatric Patients Receiving Pancreaticoduodenectomy
指導教授:黃璉華黃璉華引用關係
指導教授(外文):Lian-Hua Huang
口試委員:胡文郁黃貴薰林寬佳周幸生
口試委員(外文):Wen-Yu HuGuey-Shiun HuangKuan-Chia LinShin-Shang Chou
口試日期:2019-07-03
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立臺灣大學
系所名稱:護理學研究所
學門:醫藥衛生學門
學類:護理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:69
中文關鍵詞:鎮靜高齡胰十二指腸切除術疼痛焦慮肺部合併症胃輕癱
DOI:10.6342/NTU201902512
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胰臟癌的患者多為老年人,而接受胰十二指腸切除術是其主要治療方式。高齡患者手術後有較高的致死率及合併症產生。鎮靜治療可以減除手術後病人的壓力反應,使其達到平靜緩和,以促進身體復原,因此本研究建立了一個策略性鎮靜措施在胰十二指腸切除術的年長患者身上,以探討其對手術預後的成效。本研究為實驗性設計,將56位接受胰十二指腸切除術且大於或等於65歲的病患隨機分為兩組,其中實驗組在手術後繼續使用呼吸器、轉入加護病房且接受Propofol靜脈注射為期5天,並維持其鎮靜程度在RASS躁動鎮靜量表的-2~-3分之間;控制組手術後即拔除氣管內管、恢復清醒並在一般病房接受手術後常規照護。觀察並記錄兩組病人的手術後合併症、疼痛與焦慮程度及手術後住院天數以作為本研究的結果指標。結果顯示在整體合併症中,實驗組的發生率為50%,控制組為75% (p=.053),兩組無差異,但個別探討肺部合併症這一項,可發現實驗組的發生率是21.4%,控制組是53.6% (p=.047),達統計上顯著意義。實驗組和控制組的手術後胃輕癱發生率分別是0%和6% (p=.031),亦達統計上顯著差異;另外,實驗組亦比控制組呈現出顯著較輕手術後的疼痛與焦慮程度。實驗組與控制組的手術後住院天數則分別為49.9天與 51.4天(p=.657),兩者無差異。經由研究結果得知,鎮靜治療措施可降低在胰十二指腸切除術年長患者手術後肺部合併症、胃輕癱發生率,並減緩疼痛及焦慮,但不增加其住院天數。
Sedation is the act of calming in critical nursing care and may relief the surgical stress syndrome. The patients receiving pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) for pancreas cancer are usually old-aged and with high risk of postoperative morbidity. A randomized controlled trial is conducted to investigate whether strategic sedation is beneficial on postoperative recovery among geriatric patients. Fifty-six patients, who were older than 65 years and received PD, were randomly assigned into two groups, the sedation group and control group. The sedation group received postoperative sedation with Propofol injection and keep Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale between -2 and -3 in the intensive care unit for five days, whereas the control group received early extubation postoperatively. The end-point of postoperative pain and anxiety level and complication rate was observed and recorded, as well as hospital length of stay (LOS). The result revealed that the overall complication rate was 50% in the sedation group and 75% in the control group, but not significantly different (p=.053). The pulmonary complication rate was significantly lower in the sedation group (21.4%) than in the control group (53.6%, 6 and 15 patients, respectively, p=.047). The postoperative gastroparesis was also significantly reduced in the sedation group (0%) as comparing with the control group (21.4%, 0 and 6 patients, respectively, p=.031). Postoperative pain and anxiety level were also decreased in the sedation group than in the control group (2.1 vs. 4.4, p=.020; 7.8 vs. 10, p=.020, respectively). The mean hospital LOS was not different between the sedation and control group (49.9 and 51.4 days, respectively, p=.657). By the study result, we suggest that sedation may be included as part of postoperative therapy to relieve the pain, anxiety and reduce postoperative pulmonary complication rate and gastroparesis without prolonging the hospital LOS on geriatric patients receiving PD.
目 錄
口試委員會審定書…………………………………………………………….........i
中文摘要……………………………………………………………………….........ii
英文摘要……………………………………………………………………….........iii
第一章 緒論……………………………………..………………………………...1
第一節 研究的動機及重要性……………………..………………………...1
第二節 研究目的…………………………………..………………………...3
第三節 研究假設…..………………………………………………………...4
第二章 文獻查證…………………………………..……………………………...5
第一節 胰臟癌及其治療…………………………………..…………..........5
第二節 手術後病人常見之症狀困擾………………………..………..........9
第三節 鎮靜治療…………………..………………………………….........15
第四節 手術後壓力反應理論.......................................................................20
第三章 研究方法…………………………………………..…………..…....….…23
第一節 研究架構………………………………………...………………….23
第二節 研究設計……...…………………………………………………….24
第三節 研究場所與對象……………………………………...…………….26
第四節 研究工具…………………………………………………...……….27
第五節 研究步驟…………………………...……………………………….31
第六節 資料分析方法………………………………………………...…….33
第四章 研究結果…………………………………………………………….…....34
第一節 研究對象的基本資料………………………………………………34
第二節 手術後的臨床結果…………………………………………………38
第三節 策略性鎮靜治療措施的成效………………….…………….……40
第五章 討論……………………………………….……………………….…......41
第一節 疼痛與焦慮………………………………………………….….…41
第二節 肺部合併症……………………………………………………..…44
第三節 胃輕癱…………………………………………………………..…46
第六章 結論、限制與建議……………………………………….……….….…48
第一節 結論……………………………………………………………….48
第二節 限制………………………………………………………….…….49
第三節 建議………………………………………………………………..50
附錄……………………………………………………………………………..….52
參考資料………………………………………………………………………..….57
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