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研究生:Tazebey
研究生(外文):ANDERGACHEW MEKONNEN BERHE
論文名稱:利用秒飛雷射放射合成金量子粒子及其特性與基於鋅材料染料敏化太陽能電池之研究
論文名稱(外文):Synthesis and properties of gold quantum particles under femtosecond pulse laser irradiation and their effect on ZnO-based DSSC.
指導教授:今榮東洋子
指導教授(外文):TOYOKO IMAE
口試委員:氏原真樹蔡伸隆
口試委員(外文):Masaki UjiharaShen-Long Tsai
口試日期:2019-07-12
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣科技大學
系所名稱:應用科技研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:其他自然科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:英文
論文頁數:124
中文關鍵詞:金量子粒子等離子體納米金顆粒量子特性飛秒雷射脈衝輻照照射時間染料敏化太陽能電池
外文關鍵詞:gold quantum particlesplasmonic gold nanoparticlesquantum propertyfemtosecond laser pulses irradiationirradiation timedye-sensitized solar cell
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合成了金量子團簇和納米粒子,研究了它們在飛秒雷射輻照水中的性質。同時所產生的等離子體納米金顆粒也用於染料敏化太陽能電池(DSSCs)的應用。因此,納米金粒子的合成及其量子特性和各自的應用是該研究的主要目標。
在第一項工作中,發現了在水中飛秒雷射脈衝輻照下金量子團簇和納米粒子的量子特性的合成和因素。在實驗中,通過將飛秒雷射照射金離子並且不添加任何還原劑來製備金量子團簇,量子大小的納米粒子。 利用原子力顯微鏡、透射電子顯微鏡、高分辨率透射顯微鏡、紫外 - 可見光譜,螢光分光光度計和一些計算來分析它們產生顆粒的量子特性。通過照射時間和飛秒脈衝雷射強度的影響,可以研究量子團簇和納米粒子的尺寸和量子特性。該方法將提高對金原子團簇(量子團簇)的量子特性的理解,特別是那些反映從孤立原子到納米粒子的過渡理論,並且比起化學和/或物理還原方法更具有簡單、純度和尺寸可控性方面的優勢。 在第二項工作中,氧化鋅納米線(ZnONW)在奈米纖維纖維素存在下通過原位方法生長,以製造有彈性和導電複合膜。該導電複合膜用作基底以沉積氧化鋅納米顆粒,碳點和染料敏化太陽能電池的金納米顆粒工作電極的複合物,其中在飛秒激光照射下產生等離子體金納米顆粒。優化的光陽極提供了導電聚合物柔性薄膜對電極的效率。該效率低於由在固體導電基底上具有氧化鋅納米顆粒的複合工作電極等離子體金納米顆粒和Pt對電極組成。
Gold quantum clusters and nanoparticles were synthesized and studied their property under femtosecond laser irradiation in water. Additionally, the produced plasmonic gold nanoparticles were also used for dye-sensitized solar cell (DSSC) application. Hence, synthesis, quantum property and respective applications of the gold nanoparticles are the major objectives of the study.
In the first work, the synthesis and factors that govern their quantum properties of gold quantum clusters and nanoparticles under femtosecond laser pulses irradiation in water were studied. In the experiments, gold quantum clusters, and nanoparticles were produced by irradiating femtosecond laser to the gold ions without adding any reducing agent. Atomic force microscopy, transmission electron microscope, high resolution-transmission microscope, UV-Visible spectroscopy and some calculations were applied to analyze their quantum property of the produced particles. The size and properties of quantum clusters and nanoparticles can be studied through the influence of irradiation time and intensity of femtosecond pulse laser. The strategy leads to improve the understanding about quantum properties of gold atomic clusters (quantum clusters). The results particularly reflected the transition from isolated atoms to nanoparticles and demonstrated advantages of physical reduction method compared to chemical methods with regard to technical simplicity, product purity and size controllability.
In the second work, zinc oxide (ZnO) nanowires were grew by in situ method on flexible substrate This conductive composite film was used as a substrate to deposit composites of ZnO nanoparticles, carbon dots and gold nanoparticles working electrodes of the dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs), where plasmonic gold nanoparticles were produced under femtosecond laser irradiation. The optimized photoanodes provided the efficiency of conductive polymer flexible film counter electrode. This efficiency was lower than that of DSSC consisting of a composite working electrode plasmonic gold nanoparticles with ZnO nanoparticles on solid conductive substrate and a Pt counter electrode.
Abstract III
Acknowledgments V
List of Abbreviation VI
Table of Contents VII
List of Figures XII
List of Tables XIV
1.1. Background 1
1.2. Plasmonics and Property of Metallic Nanoparticles 4
1.2.1. Plasmonics 4
1.2.2. Mie theory of isolated metal nanoparticles 5
1.2.3. Surface plasmon resonance of metal nanoparticles 6
1.2.4. Localized surface plasmon resonance of metal NPs 8
1.3. Confinement effect of quantum particles and their DOS 10
1.4. Metal Quantum Clusters 11
1.4.1. Science of quantum clusters 11
1.4.2. Properties of metal quantum clusters 12
1.4.2.1. Electronic size effects 13
1.4.2.2. Optical size effect 15
1.5. Synthesis and Interaction of Femtosecond laser with Matter 17
1.5.1. Bottom-up approach 19
1.5.2. Top-down approach 20
1.6. Plasmon enhanced Dye Sensitized Solar Cell 21
1.6.1. Introduction to photovoltaics 21
1.6.2. Dye sensitized solar cell 22
1.6.3. Effect of plasmonic metal NPs in DSSCs 24
1.7. Objectives 28
CHAPTER TWO: Synthesis and Properties of Gold Quantum Particles under Femtosecond Pulse Laser Irradiation 30
2.1. Motivation 30
2.2. Experimental Procedure 32
2.2.1. Materials and Methods 32
2.2.2. Preparation of gold quantum clusters 32
2.3. Results and Discussion 33
2.3.1. Effect of irradiation time on size of gold quantum particles 34
2.3.2. Crystallinity of gold quantum particles 44
2.3.3. Effect of concentration on size of gold nanoparticles 44
2.3.4. Size-dependent Optical Spectra 47
2.3.5. Electronic transition of gold quantum particles 50
2.3.6. Fluorescence property of gold quantum particles 51
2.3.7. Quantum efficiency (Φ) of gold quantum particles 54
2.4. Conclusions 56
CHAPTER THREE: Effects of Plasmonic Gold Nanoparticles on ZnO-based Dye-Sensitized Solar Cells 58
3.1. Motivation 58
3.2. Experimental 62
3.2.1. Synthesis of TEMPO-Oxidized Cellulose Nanofiber (TOCNF) 63
3.2.2. Fabrication of counter-electrode (CE) 64
3.2.3. Synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles & zinc oxide nanowires 64
3.2.4. Synthesis of Au NPs and Carbon dots (Cdots) 65
3.3. Preparation of Working Electrode (WE) 65
3.3.1. The composite of TOCNF and ZnO NWs (TOCNF/ZnO NW) 66
3.3.2. Composite of ZnO, and ZnO@Cdot with TOCNF@ZnO NW film 66
3.3.3. Composite ZnO NP/Au and ZnO NP@Cdot/Au on TOCNF/ZnO NW 67
3.4. Assembling of Flexible Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell 67
3.5. Results and Discussion 68
3.5.1. Characterization of TOCNF, ZnO, Au NPs and their Composite 68
3.5.1.1. Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR) 68
3.5.1.2. Morphology of ZnO NW and Au NPs 69
3.5.1.3. Surface area 70
3.5.1.4. X-ray diffractometer (XRD) 72
3.5.1.4.1. Effect of Au NPs on ZnO NPs, and their composites 72
3.5.1.4.2. Effect of ZnO NW and PPy on TOCNF 74
3.5.1.5. Band gap energy 75
3.5.2. Photovoltaic measurement of DSSC 77
3.5.2.1. Effect of doping ZnO on TOCNF/ZnO NW electrode of DSSCs 78
3.5.2.2. Effect of ZnO@Cdots deposited on TOCNF/ZnO NW photoanode 80
3.5.2.3. Effect of plasmonic Au NPs on a flexible electrode 83
3.5.2.3.1. ZnO NP/Au doped on TOCNF@ZnO NW 83
3.5.2.3.2. ZnO NP@Cdot/Au/RdB doped on TOCNF@ZnO NW 85
3.5.2.4. Effect of Au NPs on ZnO NP-based photoanode on solid substrate 87
3.5.2.4.1. Effect of Au concentration on the ZnO NP-based photoanode 88
3.5.2.4.2. Effect of illumination light intensity on PCE of plasmonic DSSC 90
3.6. Conclusions 91
CHAPTER FOUR: Summery and General Conclusions 93
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