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研究生:鄭又綺
研究生(外文):CHENG,YU-CHI
論文名稱:結合BIM與AR技術建立既有廠房化學供應系統維護模式之研究
論文名稱(外文):Combining BIM and AR to Develop the Maintenance System for Chemical Supply in Existing Plant
指導教授:陳怡兆陳怡兆引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHEN,YI-JAO
口試委員:林祐正陳啓仁
口試委員(外文):LIN,YU-CHENGCHEN,CHI-JEN
口試日期:2019-06-26
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄大學
系所名稱:創意設計與建築學系碩士班
學門:設計學門
學類:其他設計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:112
中文關鍵詞:BIMAR化學供應系統設施維護管理既有廠房
外文關鍵詞:Building Information Model (BIM)Augmented Reality(AR)Chemical Supply SystemFacility Maintenance (FM)Existing Plant
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:2
化學供應系統設備維護重要性在於管線所乘載著高危險性液體,一旦發生異常洩漏即對廠區環境與人員造成危害,故日常的管線設備維護與異常發生的及時正確處置為預防與阻斷災害發生。現今化學供應系統維護作業,依循法規所規範檢測項目與頻率,因此進行設備巡檢維護作業前,須查閱各相關文件;再加上既有廠房之原始圖檔文件不可考,對於現地管線系統進行維護時,總耗時找尋維護物件並因維護資訊不足造成操作不當之情形。
為改善上述問題,使巡檢人員快速取得維護資訊,本研究試圖透過建築資訊模型(Building information model,BIM)建置相關化學供應系統設備元件,並將元件生命週期所需之檢測維護資訊,透過COBie Extension編撰於參數化模型中,進一步則將編撰之資訊,透過歸納整理建立設備維護雲端資料庫,便於後續進行檢測維護作業,改善過去以圖紙文件為主的缺點與限制。經案例驗證顯示,建構既有的BIM模型供化學系統管線資訊取用的完整性,而擴增實境技術將資訊與現場實務疊合,達快速辨別關鍵管線範圍呈現的可見性,所建立維護模式將能符合化學管線檢測維護作業之需求。

The maintenance of equipment for chemical supply systems is important because the pipelines carry hazardous liquid, which may jeopardize the environment and personnel near the plant in case of abnormal leakage. Therefore, the daily maintenance of pipeline equipment and timely and correct handling of abnormal incidences can prevent disasters. Currently, the maintenance of chemical supply systems is performed by following the testing procedures and the frequencies specified by the laws and regulations are used. Therefore, all relevant documents should be consulted before carrying out equipment inspection and maintenance. In addition, the original drawing files of the existing factory buildings are not available for reference; therefore, during maintenance of the on-site pipeline system, it is always time-consuming to locate maintenance objects, and improper operation can occur due to insufficient maintenance information.
To address the above-mentioned problems and enable inspectors to obtain maintenance information quickly, this study attempts to build equipment components for relevant chemical supply systems using the building information model (BIM), and compile inspection and maintenance information required for the life cycles of components into a parametric model through the COBie Extension. Furthermore, the compiled information is built into an equipment maintenance cloud database through induction and collation to facilitate subsequent inspection and maintenance operations, overcoming the past shortcomings and limitations based mainly on hand-drawn documents. Case studies show that the integrity of the existing BIM model for access to pipeline information of chemical systems has been established, and augmented reality technology superimposes the information with field practices to quickly identify key pipeline areas. The established maintenance mode will meet the requirements for chemical pipeline inspection and maintenance operations.

摘要 III
ABSTRACT IV
謝誌 VI
目錄 VII
圖目錄 XI
表目錄 XIV
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
(一) 解析化學供應系統維護的資訊需求 2
(二) 建置化學供應系統維護的BIM模型 2
(三) 建立以BIM為基礎的維護管理的資訊交付模式 3
1.3 研究範圍與限制 3
(一) 僅解析既有廠房中供應化學管線與附屬設備 3
(二) 解析化學供應系統維護管理作業流程 3
(三) 應用擴增實境於設施維護管理 4
1.4 研究方法與流程 4
第二章 文獻回顧 6
2.1 既有建物設施建置BIM相關探討 6
2.1.1既有設施建置BIM面臨挑戰與現況 6
2.1.2現實捕捉技術 7
2.2 BIM於設施維護管理之應用發展 8
2.2.1 BIM於建築生命週期資訊交換能力 8
2.2.2 COBie發展與應用 9
2.3 擴增實境技術與應用 12
2.3.1 擴增實境可視化技術 13
2.3.2 擴增實境應用於管線維護案例 14
2.4 化學供應系統維護相關規範 16
2.4.1國外相關規範 16
2.4.2國內相關規範 18
2.5小結 20
第三章 研究方法 22
3.1 IDEF0分析法 23
3.2 COBIE架構資訊交付模式 25
3.3 建立建模規則 27
3.3.1 確立模型細緻程度 27
3.3.2 BIM工具應用 30
3.3.3 元件與樣板建立 34
3.3.4 模型建置整體程序 36
3.4小結 37
第四章 建立BIM與化學供應管線維護之資訊交付模式 38
4.1 解析化學供應管線設備檢測維護之資訊交付模式 39
4.2 分析化學供應管線維護需求 42
4.2.1 建立化學供應管線分類 43
4.2.2 分析化學供應管線檢測維護資訊內容 45
4.2.3 建立檢測資訊應用架構 46
4.2.4 組織BIM模型之COBie資料結構 51
4.2.5 建構檢測資訊應用模式 54
4.2.6 建立化學供應管線檢測資訊需求分析架構 55
4.3 建立資訊交付規範 55
4.3.1 建立化學供應管線維護管理資訊需求分析架構 56
4.3.2 定義BIM模型建模規範 57
4.3.3 形成COBie交付手冊 58
4.4 建立BIM標識追蹤與驗證模式 58
4.5 小結 60
第五章 實例驗證 61
5.1 案例資料說明 61
5.2 建構化學供應系統檢測所需之資訊交付架構 62
5.2.1 定義化學供應系統之元件架構 63
5.2.2 化學供應系統之資訊需求 63
5.2.3 分析化學供應系統資訊傳遞關係與交付責任 67
5.3 模擬資訊交付 69
5.3.1 建置BIM元件與規範物件之關係 70
5.3.2 繪製Revit BIM模型並完成COBie內容 71
5.3.3 建置擴增實境雲端巡檢系統 77
5.3.4 驗證擴增實境與資訊交付 79
5.4 小結 88
第六章 結論與建議 89
6.1 結論 89
6.2 建議 91
參考文獻 92
附錄A 97
A-1.訪談一 97

























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