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研究生:葉唐迪
研究生(外文):YE, TANG-DI
論文名稱:智慧型自然光集光系統之優化
論文名稱(外文):Optimization of Intelligent Solar Collection System
指導教授:李金連李金連引用關係吳俊傑吳俊傑引用關係
指導教授(外文):LEE, KING-LIENWU, JIN-JEI
口試委員:吳俊傑李金連宋國明鄭劭家
口試委員(外文):WU, JIN-JEILEE, KING-LIENSUNG, GUO-MINGCHENG, CHAO-CHIA
口試日期:2019-03-26
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:光電工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:114
中文關鍵詞:追日系統導光控制室內照明ArduinoNodeMCUHomography Transform
外文關鍵詞:Daylight tracking systemlight guide controlinterior illuminationArduinoNodeMCUhomography Transform
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本論文研製一套自然光採集系統,用於將頂樓之陽光導入室內,其中分為三個子系統,分別為追日集光系統、導光系統以及補光系統三個部份,本論文將研究其集光效率之改善、導光系統控制方法、驅動方式及電源供應之優化、補光系統製作等四個主題。
集光效率的部份,使用兩片菲涅爾面鏡將1.44m2之陽光匯聚為0.01m2之平行光至導光系統,導光系統採用單應性轉換的方式,將陽光反射至23cm處之導光管,追日及導光系統皆以直流感應馬達驅動,以Arduino MEGA2560為主控板控制,並使用太陽能板供電,無須外加電源。室內補光系統使用自製之LED燈具,並研製了使用Arduino控制,以及使用NodeMCU控制的兩個版本。
實驗結果,除各部控制功能皆完成之外,菲涅爾面鏡集光效率在TracePro模擬中可達91.7%、單應性轉換之準確率為88.6%,整體採光結果,可使室內空間照明達到247Lux。

In this thesis, I propose an optimize version of a solar collection system for daylighting. This system can be divided into three subsystems: solar tracker, light guide system and indoor light compensation system. There are four jobs in this thesis: improving the efficiency of collecting light, proposing a new heliostat control method, optimizing the drive motor and power source, and developing the light compensation system.
First, two fresnel convex mirrors will be used to converge the sun light from 1.44 m2 to 0.01 m2. Second, the homography transform computes the reflection angle of the heliostat to reflect the sun light into a light pipe at a distance of 23 cm. Both the solar tracker and heliostat are driven by DC motors, Arduino, and two photovoltaics power source. The light compensation system includes a self-developed LED fixture and a controller with wired version and wireless version.
As the result, all the functions of each part can be operated, the efficiency of convex mirror is 91.7% in TracePro simulation, the accuracy of homography transform is 88.6%, and the result of daylighting can make the indoor illumination reach 247Lux.

第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 既有系統 3
1.2.1 光路架構 3
1.2.2 集光器、反射鏡機構 4
1.2.3 控制電路架構 5
1.2.4 主程式流程圖 5
1.3 文獻回顧 7
1.3.1 追日機構 7
1.3.2 太陽方位感測 8
1.3.3 機構驅動、感測 9
1.3.4 定日鏡 10
1.3.5 智慧照明 10
1.4 研究目的 11
1.5 研究限制 11
第二章 系統理論 12
2.1 凸面鏡改良 12
2.2 對光器改良 14
2.3 晴天軌跡紀錄 15
2.4 單應性轉換 16
2.5 直流供電 21
2.6 補光系統 22
2.6.1 系統圖 22
2.6.2 燈具 23
2.6.3 照度感測、連網控制︰ 24
第三章 研究方法 26
3.1 菲涅爾凸面鏡設計 26
3.2 十字對光器設計 31
3.3 晴天軌跡紀錄實現 33
3.4 單應性轉換計算結果 35
3.5 控制電路 36
3.6 馬達選用 38
3.7 太陽能板架設 40
3.8 補光系統 42
3.8.1 硬體電路 42
3.8.2 軟體程式 45
第四章 實驗結果與討論 48
4.1 菲涅爾凸面鏡成品、聚光結果 48
4.2 十字對光器成品、對光效果 51
4.3 單應性轉換測試與比較 53
4.4 晴天軌跡紀錄結果 55
4.5 太陽能板充電效率測試 57
4.6 補光系統效果 58
4.6.1 亮度調整速度測試 59
4.6.2 照度穩定性測試 62
4.7 集光、導光效率測試 63
第五章 結論 70
5.1 結論 70
5.2 未來改進方向 71
參考文獻 72


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