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研究生:陳琛宇
研究生(外文):CHEN, CHEN-YU
論文名稱:鈉超離子型全固態鋰離子電池之製作及其特性分析
論文名稱(外文):Synthesis and Characterization of Sodium Super Ionic Conductor for All Solid State Lithium Ion Battery
指導教授:張合
指導教授(外文):CHANG, HO
口試委員:張合魏大華劉如熹廖世傑
口試委員(外文):CHANG, HOWEI, DA-HUALIU, RU-SHILIAO, SHIH-CHIEH
口試日期:2018-06-06
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺北科技大學
系所名稱:製造科技研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:機械工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:107
語文別:中文
論文頁數:70
中文關鍵詞:固態電解質鋰鋁鍺磷鋰離子電池
外文關鍵詞:Solid state electrolyteLAGPLithium ion battery
相關次數:
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隨工業革命帶進之科技發展,帶給人們高生活水平,使用火力發電與煤炭作為動力來源時,亦造成空氣汙染、臭氧層破洞、全球暖化等負面影響。能源危機與環境污染之問題日夜加劇。若欲地球之永續發展,綠能發電之研究,為目前當務之急,相較於其他再生能源,如核能發電與風力發電,鋰電池發展較晚,但其高效率之儲能特性,使鋰電池儲能技術為目前科學家研究之重點。
本研究以不同之燒結溫度合成鋰鋁鍺磷固態電解質,並以X光繞射(X-ray diffraction)與X光吸收光譜(X-ray absorption spectroscopy; XAS)測定晶相與價數,再以掃描式電子顯微鏡(scanning electron microscope; SEM)與能量色散X射線光譜(Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy; EDS)觀測表面形貌與元素分布。分析方法使用交流阻抗(electronic impedance spectroscopy; EIS)測定離子傳導性並以阿瑞尼士法(Arrhenius plot)推算鋰離子傳導之活化能,最終組裝全固態鋰離子電池並使用充放電機量測電池電容量與循環穩定性証明所生產之固態電解質之應用性。

The development of science and technology brought along with the Industrial Revolution has brought people a high standard of living. When thermal power generation and coal are used as power sources, it also causes negative effects such as air pollution, hole in the ozone layer, and global warming. The energy crisis and environmental pollution problems have increased day and night. If we want the sustainable development of the earth, research on green energy generation is currently a top priority. Compared to other renewable energy sources, such as thermal power generation and wind power generation, lithium battery development is late, but its high-efficiency energy storage characteristics make it a lithium battery. Energy storage technology is currently the focus of scientists' research.
In this study, lithium aluminum germanium phosphorous solid electrolyte was synthesized with different sintering temperatures. Determine the crystal phase and valence by using X-ray diffraction and X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS). Scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscopy were used to observe the inner and outer morphology of the catalysts. Cyclic voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy were operated to detect electrochemical activity. Finally, battery capacity and cycle stability were tested by galvanostatic discharge/charge process.

中文摘要 i
英文摘要 ii
誌謝 ⅳ
目錄 1
圖目錄 4
表目錄 7
第一章 緒論 8
1.1 電池之發展與介紹 9
1.2 鋰離子電池 10
1.2 鋰離子電池歷史 10
1.3 鋰離子電池之電化學原理 11
1.4 正極材料 11
1.4.1 嵌入型正極材料 13
1.4.1.1 鋰鈷氧(LiCoO2) 14
1.4.1.2 鋰鎳氧,鋰錳氧(LiMnO2, LiNiO2) 15
1.4.1.3 鋰鐵磷(LiFePO4) 16
1.4.2 反應型正極材料 17
1.5負極材料 18
1.5.1鋰金屬 18
1.5.2 碳材 19
1.5.2.1 石墨 19
1.5.2.2 硬碳 20
1.5.2.3 軟碳 20
1.5.3 矽 20
1.5.4 鋰鈦氧(Lithium Titanium Oxide; Li4Ti5O12) 21
1.6電解質 22
1.6.1液態電解質 23
1.6.2膠態電解質 23
1.6.3無機固態電解質 23
1.6.4 鋰鋁鍺磷(Li1.5Al0.5Ge1.5(PO4)3, LAGP) 25
1.7固態電解質界面(Solid Electrolyte Interface; SEI) 27
1.8 研究動機與目的 28
第二章 實驗步驟與儀器分析原理 30
2.1 化學藥品 31
2.2 鋰鋁鍺磷之合成步驟 32
2.3 全固態鋰離子電池 32
2.3.1 適用於全固態鋰離子電池之正極漿料製作 32
2.3.2 全固態鋰離子電池之組裝 33
2.4 X光放射技術(Emission techniques) 33
2.4.1 XRD工作原理 34
2.4.2 X光繞射儀(X-ray diffraction; XRD) 35
2.4.3 X光吸收光譜之近邊緣結構(X-ray absorption near edge structure; XANES) 36
2.5 固態核磁共振(solid-state nuclear magnetic resonance) 39
2.6 掃描式電子顯微鏡(Scanning Electron Microscopy; SEM) 39
2.6.1 工作原理 40
2.6.2 能量色散X射線光譜(Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy;EDS) 41
2.6.3 X射線光電子能譜儀(X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy; XPS) 42
2.7 伏安循環法(cyclic voltammetry; CV) 43
2.8 電化學交流阻抗法(Electrical Impedance Spectroscopy; EIS) 44
2.9 阿瑞尼士圖(Arrhenius Plot) 46
2.10 充放電測試儀 47
第三章 結果與討論 48
3.1 固態電解質鋰鋁鍺磷之材料分析 48
3.1.1 XRD結構鑑定分析 48
3.1.2 XANES鑑定 54
3.1.3 SEM鑑定 56
3.1.4 NMR鑑定 58
3.2 鋰鋁鍺磷之電化學性質測試 61
3.2.1 交流阻抗測試 61
3.2.2 阿瑞尼士圖 63
3.2.3 充放電分析 64
第四章 結論與未來展望 66
4.1 結論 66
4.2 未來展望 66
參考文獻 67




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