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研究生:李佳諭
研究生(外文):LEE,CHIA YU
論文名稱:氟化物對化學鍍鎳於鎂合金(AZ31)微弧氧化層之研究
論文名稱(外文):Effect of Fluoride on the Electroless Nickel Plating on Magnesium Alloy (AZ31) Micro-arc Oxidation Layer
指導教授:葛明德葛明德引用關係簡順億
指導教授(外文):GER,MING-DERJIAN,SHUN-YI
口試委員:葛明德簡順億
口試委員(外文):GER,MING-DERJIAN,SHUN-YI
口試日期:2020-07-16
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國防大學理工學院
系所名稱:材料科學與工程碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:材料工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:150
中文關鍵詞:微弧氧化化學鍍鎳磷
外文關鍵詞:micro-arc oxidationelectroless Ni-P
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目錄
謝辭 iv
摘要 vi
ABSTRACT vii
目錄 ix
表目錄 xiii
圖目錄 xv
1.緒論 1
1.1前言 1
1.2研究動機與目的 2
2.文獻回顧與理論基礎 3
2.1鎂合金的特性與分類 3
2.1.1鎂合金的性質 3
2.1.2鎂合金的種類 5
2.1.3鎂合金的腐蝕行為 8
2.2鎂合金表面處理技術之介紹 12
2.2.1物理氣相沉積法/化學氣相沉積法 13
2.2.2電鍍 14
2.2.3化學鍍 14
2.2.4化成處理 15
2.2.5微弧氧化 16
2.3微弧氧化的成長機制與技術 18
2.3.1微弧氧化成長機制 18
2.3.2微弧氧化孔洞生成機制 21
2.3.3微弧氧化層特性 22
2.4化學鍍鎳 24
2.4.1化學鍍鎳的沿用和發展 25
2.4.2化學鍍反應機制 27
2.5.化學鍍鎳製程於鎂或鎂合金之應用 28
2.6腐蝕機構原理 31
3.實驗方法與分析檢測 34
3.1製程說明 34
3.2實驗流程 34
3.3微弧氧化製程 36
3.3.1試片前處理與電解液的配置 36
3.3.2微弧氧化處理 37
3.4化學鍍鎳磷製程 40
3.4.1試片前處理與鍍液的配置 40
3.4.2化學鍍鎳磷製程 43
3.5微結構分析 44
3.5.1表面形貌觀察與成分分析 44
3.5.2橫截面及厚度觀察 45
3.5.3XPS/ESCA(X-射線光電子光譜/化學分析電子光譜) 48
3.5.4FIB-SII 3050SE(聚焦離子束) 49
3.5.5場發射槍穿透式電子顯微鏡(300kV)附加能量散佈分析儀 50
3.6耐蝕性分析 51
3.6.1動電位掃描法 51
3.6.2鹽霧測試評估 53
3.7表面粗糙度分析 55
3.8接觸角分析 56
3.9附著力分析 57
4.實驗結果 59
4.1化學鍍製程初始階段對微弧氧化層結構之影響 59
4.1.1化學鍍製程30秒 59
4.1.2化學鍍製程1分鐘 64
4.1.3化學鍍製程3分鐘 67
4.1.4化學鍍製程5分鐘 71
4.1.5化學鍍製程10分鐘 75
4.1.6小結 79
4.2氟離子對化學鍍製程之Ni-P鍍層特性研究 86
4.2.1表面形貌 86
4.2.2橫截面觀察 88
4.2.3成分分析 90
4.2.4表面粗糙度分析 93
4.2.5接觸角量測 94
4.2.6小結 95
4.3氟含量對MAO/Ni-P複合鍍層之性能比較分析 96
4.3.1機械性能分析(拉力測試) 96
4.3.2耐蝕性分析 98
4.3.2.1線性極化掃描法 98
4.3.2.2鹽霧測試評估 104
4.3.3小結 106
5.討論 107
5.1化學鍍層成膜機制探討 107
5.2經極化浸泡測試後之腐蝕行為 113
5.3化學鍍層腐蝕機制探討 119
6. 結論 123
7. 未來展望 124
參考文獻 125
自傳 133


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