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研究生:鄧中宣
研究生(外文):TENG,
論文名稱:酒駕犯罪者人格特質與態度之研究
論文名稱(外文):The personality and attitudes of DUI offenders
指導教授:楊士隆楊士隆引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shu-Lung Yang
口試委員:陳姚真曾淑萍
口試委員(外文):Chen, Y. J.Shu-ping Tzeng
口試日期:2020-06-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:犯罪防治研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:綜合社會及行為科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:90
中文關鍵詞:酒駕
外文關鍵詞:DUI offenders
相關次數:
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  • 點閱點閱:81
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  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
華人飲酒文化的傳承,沿襲自近代隨著經濟蓬勃的發展,機動車輛快速的成長,導致社會酒駕案件日趨嚴重。回顧過往國內酒駕犯罪相關研究大多著重在法律革新與執行層面對於酒駕犯罪的改善,鮮少有探討酒駕犯罪者心理層面影響因素,本研究主要探討酒駕犯罪者人格以及對於酒駕行為之態度。
研究工具方面採用五大人格因素量表(NEO Five-Factor Inventory,NEO-FFI),並參考Jewell等人(2008)編撰之酒駕行為與態度量表(Behavior& Attitude Drinking & Driving Scale,BADDS),自編「酒駕犯罪者人格結構及態度量表」。分別利用網路問卷方式便利抽樣無酒駕犯罪者144名,並至台中監獄和嘉義監獄立意抽樣酒駕犯罪者153人。
研究結果指出酒駕犯罪者在外向性人格特質上分數較低,多呈現出較內向且拘謹;其次在友善性人格傾向符合假設,酒駕犯罪者多顯示出較為敵意且自利自私的傾向;最後檢視開放性人格特質之分析,可發現酒駕犯罪者多呈現出較低的創造力與想像力,思考模式較為封閉。而在對酒駕行為之態度分析上,酒駕犯罪者則在合理化、酒駕傾向、駕駛情緒及風險知覺等分項上皆和對照組間具有顯著性的差異。研究結果期以作為政府單位研擬防範酒駕犯罪之政策與相關處遇之制定。

With the economy flourishing, motor vehicle develop rapidly and Chinese drinking culture passing down, driving under the influence (DUI) issues are getting worse. Previous domestic DUI related studies have focused on legislative reform and executive method, while few have looked into psychological factors. This study investigates the personality and drunk driving behavior attitude of the DUI offender.
The questionnaire used in this study adopt NEO Five-Factor Inventory (NEO-FFI) and Behavior & Attitude Drinking & Driving Scale (BADDS). 144 questionnaires were sent to non-DUI offenders by convenience sampling method online, while 153 questionnaires were sent to DUI offenders from Taichung Prison and Chiayi prison by purposive sampling method.
On the Big Five Personality, the result found that extraversion, agreeableness and openness have significant difference between DUI and non-DUI offenders; moreover, drunk driving behavior attitude have significant difference between DUI and non-DUI offenders. The results could provide implications for the government to enactment preventions and interventions

第一章 緒論...........................................................................................9
第一節 研究背景與目的.........................................................10
第二節 研究動機與問題........................................................15
第三節 名詞釋義......................................................................18
第二章 文獻探討................................................................................20
第一節 人口統計特徵與酒駕犯罪.....................................20
第二節 人格與酒駕犯罪........................................................23
第三節 態度與酒駕犯罪........................................................31
第三章 研究方法................................................................................38
第一節 研究架構.......................................................................38
第二節 研究問題與假設.........................................................39
第三節 研究參與者...................................................................40
第四節 研究工具........................................................................41
第五節 研究程序........................................................................49
第六節 欲擬資料處理及統計分析方法.............................50
第四章 研究結果..................................................................................52
第一節 研究結果概述...............................................................52
第二節 主要研究結果...............................................................54
第三節 其他研究發現...........................................................57
第五章 討論與建議............................................................................61
第一節 酒駕犯罪與人格特質...............................................61
第二節 酒駕犯罪與態度.........................................................64
第三節 其他研究發現..............................................................66
第四節 研究限制........................................................................67
第五節 研究建議........................................................................68
文 獻 回 顧................................................................................................72
附 錄..............................................................................................................78
附 錄一. 受試者同意書.......................................................................80
附 錄二 預試問卷...............................................................................81
附 錄三 正式施測問卷.....................................................................87

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