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研究生:王玉如
研究生(外文):WANG,YU-JU
論文名稱:障礙者貧窮與生活保障議題之初探
論文名稱(外文):The Poverty Problem of People with Disabilities and Policy Issues around Living Allowance
指導教授:王國羽王國羽引用關係張世雄張世雄引用關係
指導教授(外文):WANG,KUO-YUCHANG,CARL-SHRSYUNG
口試委員:呂朝賢陳芳珮鄭文輝呂建德
口試委員(外文):LEU,CHAO-HSIENCHEN,FANG-PEICHENG,WEN-HUILUE,JEN-DER
口試日期:2020-07-23
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:社會福利研究所
學門:社會服務學門
學類:社會工作學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:186
中文關鍵詞:身心障礙者貧窮生活保障差異經濟收支
外文關鍵詞:disabilitypovertyliving allowancedifferencesincome and expenditure
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身心障礙者落入貧窮的危機相較於非障礙者高,因為身心障礙人口與貧窮狀態呈現惡性循環的特質,但國內對障礙者貧窮實證資料相當少。這篇研究使用質性研究分析,深入訪談七個低收入身心障礙者家戶個案經濟每月收入及支出概況,透過身心礙權利公約CRPD第28條適足之生活水準與社會保障支出大項分析,聚焦瞭解貧窮障礙者生命脈絡及實際每月收支、支出項目狀況並企圖說明障礙者落入貧窮生活的風險與障礙本身狀態之間的關聯何在及障礙者因應外部環境改變的能力比較弱的原因是因為本身的障礙損傷或公共政策本身欠缺彈性。研究發現低收入的障礙者家戶收入不足支出,主要收入來源以補助為主,由結果顯示政府所給予的相關的補助及福利服務都無法支持低收入的障礙者家戶經濟。障礙者即便有工作,無法從事正職工作,只能從事臨時工作,主要原因來自障礙者因【障礙】限制。訪談障礙者家戶大部分都有欠債狀況。家戶的經濟支出以住宿及食物為主,維持其基本生存。障礙者本身因應外部環境改變能力較弱來自障礙的損傷,福利政策又欠缺彈性因應障礙的【差異】,雙重不利因素致貧窮障礙者陷入長期收支不足狀態,也衍生債務的產生,債務不斷的循環下,更讓貧窮者陷入貧窮深淵。回到CRPD第28條中適足之生活水準與社會保障條文中,我們應該思考的是身心障礙者享有社會保障之權利,政府需要思索透過各樣的方式補足障礙者社會保障。
Since disability and poverty are inextricably linked, people with disabilities have a higher risk of falling into poverty than people without disabilities. In Taiwan, there is less research about poverty involving people with disabilities. This study qualitative research analysis to conduct in-depth interviews about the life-course and the monthly income and expenditure profile of seven low-income people with disabilities, and focuses on the analysis of article 28 of CRPD (Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities).
Focus on understanding the actual monthly income and expenditure status of persons with disabilities in poverty , and attempt to illustrate the link between the risk of persons with disabilities falling poverty and the disability itself, and the weakness of the people with disabilities to respond to changes in the environment is due to its own disability or public policy.
The study that low income households with disabilities do not have less income than expenditure, the main source of income is through subsidies, and the government's related subsidies and welfare services do not support low-income families with disabilities. Even if people with disabilities have a job, they are unable to work full-time and can only work part-time, mainly because of the " limitations" of people with disabilities.
Household economic expenditures are dominated by housing and food to maintain their basic survival. The inability of people with disabilities to change in the external environment comes from the disability and the lack of flexibility in welfare policies to respond to them.
These two disadvantages cause the poor to fall into chronic income and expenditure, but also leads to the emergence of debt. This constant cycle of debt makes it impossible for the poor to get out of poverty. According to the recommendation of adequate living standards and social protection in Article 28 of the CRPD, we should think about the right of people with disabilities and the government needs to think about the various ways to promote their social protection.

目次
摘要...V
ABSTRACT...VI
第一章 序論...1
第一節 緣起...1
第一節 問題背景:障礙者貧窮困境...3
第三節 研究目的與問題...21
第二章 文獻探討...23
第一節 國際發現與作法...23
第二節 障礙研究歷史發展軌跡...39
第三節 人權模式的【差異】經驗翻轉社會模式的【結構】...44
第四節 CRPD第28條適足生活水準...49
第三章 研究方法與資料收集...53
第一節 研究方法...53
第三節 田野過程與資料收集...56
第四節 個案故事與訪談...60
第五節 分析方法與步驟...80
第四章 研究發現 在障礙與社會現實之間的擺盪...86
第一節 柴米油鹽日常生活與困境...86
第二節 債務 非不為也,實不能也...96
第三節 基本維生與現實...100
第四節 困境產生與應對...104
第五章 研究發現與文獻對話...110
第一節 重回人權現場...110
第二節 障礙者的多重歧視與交織...116
第三節 貧窮、生活現實與障礙...120
第四節 能力與選擇的議題...127
第六章 結論與政策建議...135
第一節 工作與補助政策...135
第二節 基本所得、保障制度與障礙者...144
參考文獻...150
附錄一:國內貧窮相關文獻2009年-2019年...1
附錄二:訪談大綱...17
附錄三:訪談招募文宣...18
附錄四:同意研究說明書...20


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王玉如(2018)。〈障礙者貧窮議題及生活保障政策議題之初探: 以臺北市為例〉,《財務社會工作與貧窮研究學刊》,第1卷第1期,頁113-152。
王國羽、林昭吟、張恆豪(2012)。《障礙研究-理論與政策應用》。臺北: 巨流圖書公司。
王國羽、洪惠芬、呂朝賢(2004)。〈加拿大,荷蘭與丹麥身心障礙者所得保障政策之比較:臺灣可以學甚麼?〉,《臺灣社會福利學刊》, 第 5 期,頁 33-82。
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李秀如、王德睦(2010)。〈臺灣兒童貧窮不均度的變遷:以迴歸為基礎的夏普利值分解法分析影響因素〉,《臺大社會工作學刊》, 第8期,頁1-34。
呂朝賢(2010)。〈臺灣貧窮近似決定因素:成長、再分配與人口效果〉,《臺大社會工作學刊》, 第 22期,頁109-151。
呂朝賢、陳柯玫、陳琇惠(2016)。〈育兒家庭最低可接受生活標準之初探〉,《臺大社會工作學刊》, 第 31期,頁105-164。
呂朝賢、陳柯玫、陳琇惠(2016)。〈主觀貧窮輪廓及其影響因素之研究〉,《人文及社會科學集》, 第28卷 3期,頁341-376。
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張鳳航、張珏、鄭雅文(2011)。〈雇主對精神障礙者就業之看法與聘用意願:現況, 問題與政策因應〉,《台灣公共衛生雜誌》,第30卷1期,,頁5-18。
連欣儀(2015)。《臺北市 104 年度低收入戶及中低收入戶總清查報告》。 臺北:臺北市政府社會局報告,未出版。
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劉冠吟(2013)。《臺北市 102 年度低收入戶及中低收入戶總清查報告》。 臺北:臺北市政府社會局報告,未出版。
劉冠吟(2014)。《臺北市 103 年度低收入戶及中低收入戶總清查報告》。 臺北:臺北市政府社會局報告,未出版。
衛福部(2015)。《身心障礙者權利公約首次國家報告》。檢索日期: 2016-12-20。http://bit.ly/2m5n6Gh
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衛生福利部社會及家庭署(2017)。《身心障礙者權利公約法規概要》。出版:帝宏文具印刷有限公司。
蘇姮伃(2016)。《臺北市 105年度低收入戶及中低收入戶總清查報告》。 臺北:臺北市政府社會局報告,未出版。
蘇姮伃(2017)。《臺北市 106年度低收入戶及中低收入戶總清查報告》。 臺北:臺北市政府社會局報告,未出版。
二、英文部分
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