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研究生:侯錦程
研究生(外文):WANSIRI SINLAPAPRAPANLERT
論文名稱(外文):Industry-Academic Gap: Thai Employers’ Perceptions of the Generic Employability Skills of Engineering Graduates in Taiwan
指導教授:洪志成洪志成引用關係
指導教授(外文):HUNG, CHIH-CHENG
口試委員:詹盛如陳世樂連雅慧
口試委員(外文):CHAN, SHENG-JUCHEN, SHYH-LEHLIEN, YA-HUI
口試日期:2020-06-12
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中正大學
系所名稱:教育領導與管理發展國際碩士學位學程
學門:教育學門
學類:教育行政學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:英文
論文頁數:174
外文關鍵詞:Engineering employability skillsgraduate skillsindustry-academic gaphigh educationTaiwanThailand
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:40
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In 2018, Quacquarelli Symonds (2018) conducted the study in order to investigate the gaps between the employer's needs and graduate skills and found that there were big gaps between the skills desired by employers and skills that graduates perceived. the purpose of the study was to identify the skills gaps between what employers want from engineering graduates and what universities teach engineering graduates. It is expected to reduce the skills gaps between employers and higher education institutions. A total of 221 engineering employers and 10 Thai engineering students at university in the south of Taiwan responded to this study by using the online survey and interview. The mix-method approach was adopted in this study. This study used SPSS 23.0 to analyze and interpret the result and include in-depth information from the interview to make the study stronger.
The findings of this study shows that employers placed learning skills as the most important skill, followed by, personal quality, and then teamwork skills when they hiring new graduates, while engineering students placed personal quality, problem-solving skills, and learning skills as the most developed skills when they study at engineering departments in university in the south of Taiwan. Teamwork skills and technology skills were the widest skill gaps between employers required and higher education institutions provide for their graduates. The ability to judge which set of procedures, tools or machines, including computers and their organization/programs will produce the desired results and the ability to understand overall intent and proper procedures for setting up and operating machines, including computers and their organization/programming were the two widest skill gaps in technology skills. On the other hand, problem-solving skills were the widest skill gaps between hiring and promoting.
The findings of this study can provide a recommendation for higher education institutions in preparing students and modifying curriculum that align with the labor market and also help to create a smoother transition from education to the working world.

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT i
ABSTRACT ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS iv
LIST OF TABLES vii
LIST OF FIGURES x
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Background of the Study 1
1.2 Statement of the Problem 2
1.2.1 Purpose of the Study 3
1.2.2 Research Questions 3
1.2.3 Definitions of Key Terms 3
1.3 Significance of the Study 5
1.4 Limitations 5
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 7
2.1 The Nature of Employability Skills 7
2.1.1 Employability Skills 7
2.1.2 Engineering Employability Skills 8
2.1.3 The Importance of Employability Skills 8
2.1.4 Embedding Employability in Higher Education 9
2.1.5 Employability Needed in Thailand 10
2.2 Theories 10
2.2.1 Consensus Theory 10
2.2.2 Conflict Theory 11
2.2.3 Attraction-Selection-Attrition Theory 11
2.3 What Industry Wants 11
2.3.1 What International Industry Wants 11
2.3.2 What Thailand Industry Wants 12
2.4 Trend of Engineering Education in Higher Education 13
2.4.1 History of Engineering Education in International Context 13
2.4.2 History of Engineering Education in Thailand Context 14
2.4.3 Empirical Studies on Employability Skills across Different Countries 15
2.5 Matching Educational Goal with Industry 23
2.5.1 Academic Goal 23
2.5.2 Industry Goal 24
2.5.3 Bridging the Gaps between Academia and Industry 24
CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 27
3.1 Conceptual Framework 27
3.2 Research Framework 35
3.3 Research Procedure 37
3.3.1 Pilot Study 37
3.3.2 Main Study 39
3.4 Research Sample 39
3.5 Data Collection 42
3.5.1 Questionnaire 43
3.5.2 Interview 47
3.6 Instrument 47
3.7 Data Analysis 48
CHAPTER 4 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 51
4.1 Descriptive Statistics 51
4.2 Results of Descriptive Analysis 53
4.2.1 Research Question 1 53
4.2.2 Research Question 2 61
4.3 Discussions 85
4.3.1 The Importance of Engineering Employability 85
4.3.2 Skill Gaps 88
4.3.3 Bridging the Gaps between Higher Education Institution and Industry 90
CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 95
5.1 Conclusions 95
5.2 Practical Implication of the Study 102
5.3 Limitation 104
5.4 Recommendation 105
REFERENCES 107
APPENDICES 115
Appendix A: A SUMMARY TABLE OFCRONBACH’S ALPHA OF EACH EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS 115
APPENDIX B: THE SUMMARY TABLE OF LEVEL OF REQUIREMENT OF EACH EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS BY EMPLOYER (N=221) 128
APPENDIX C: THE SUMMARY TABLE OF LEVEL OF DEVELOPMENT OF EACH EMPLOYABILITY SKILLS BY STUDENTS (N=10) 129
APPENDIX D: QUESTIONNAIRE FOR PROFESSIONAL ENGINEER IN THAIALND (ENGLISH VERSION) 130
APPENDIX E: QUESTIONNAIRE FOR PROFESSIONAL ENGINEER IN THAIALND (THAI VERSION) 139
APPENDIX F: QUESTIONNAIRE FOR THAI STUDENTS WHO STUDY AT COLLEGE OF ENGINEETING, UNIVERSITY IN THE SOUTH OF TAIWAN (ENGLISH VERSION) 148

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