跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.210.85.190) 您好!臺灣時間:2022/12/10 14:04
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:安道飛
研究生(外文):Taufiqquddin Ande
論文名稱:精實生產與工業4.0於印尼中小企業的關聯研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on Lean Production as Enablers for Industry 4.0 in Indonesian SMEs
指導教授:黃博滄黃博滄引用關係
指導教授(外文):Po-Tsang Huang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中原大學
系所名稱:工業與系統工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:工業工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:英文
論文頁數:92
中文關鍵詞:精益生產工業4.0中小企業
外文關鍵詞:Lean productionIndustry 4.0SMEs
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:187
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
這項研究的目的是檢驗工業4.0和精實生產可實踐於印尼中小型企業,因此,為了驗證本研究,確定其在業務績效中的作用並提供為印尼中小型企業實施工業4.0的業務實踐的方向,該研究使用了SPSS(社會科學統計軟體)ver. 22.0等軟體。受訪者來自25家中小型企業的所有者,如董事、經理和代理經理,且在基於精益生產實踐設備和方法、製造計劃和控制、人力資源實踐、產品設計、供應商關係和客戶關係之下,使用了工業4.0中的九項指標中的四項指標,為物聯網、雲端運算、網絡安全和系統整合。
在1997年至1998年的金融危機之後,印尼中小企業增長顯著,雖然先前的一些研究分析出精實生產對中小企業的重要性,以及印尼中小企業在實施工業4.0時具有挑戰,但無研究將精實生產結合工業4. 0應用於印尼中小企業之分析。因此本研究對此進行探討,並於結果表明,印尼中小企業在精實生產實踐和工業4. 0的融合實施產生了正面且同時性的影響。精實生產實踐中幾乎所有指標都對工業4.0實施產生了積極影響,而在受訪的印尼中小企業中,他們大多數都缺少對於產品設計的研究與發展。
The objectives of this study to examine the practice of industry 4.0 and lean production as enablers in Indonesia SMEs, therefore the result can be used to identify the aspect of industry 4.0 which is affecting in lean production, identify their roles in the business performance and provide direction to the business practices in implementing industry 4.0 for Indonesia SMEs. The study utilized the SPSS (Statistical Package Pocket Social Sciences) version 22.0 software. The respondents are owner, director, manager and acting manager from 25 SMEs and the statements of questioner and the questions of interview based on all aspect in lean production practices that are equipment and methods, manufacturing planning and control, human resources practices, product design, supplier relationship and customer relationship, however it used only four from nine indicators of industry 4.0 that are internet of thing, cloud computing, cyber security and system integration.
The growth of SMEs Indonesia is significantly increased post of 1997-1998 monetary crisis. Some of prior studies analyzed about the importance of lean manufacturing for SMEs and the challenge of Industry 4.0 within SMEs in Indonesia, however, there is no study analyze about lean production as enablers for industry 4.0 in Indonesia SMEs. The results of this study revealed that within Indonesia SMEs there were positive and simultaneous influences on lean production practices and industry 4.0 implementation. Almost all indicators in lean production practices had positive influence in industry 4.0 implementation except product design. It caused by the majority of respondents are SMEs who have never conducted research and development for their product.
TABLE of CONTENTS
摘要..............................................................................................................................I
Abstract ........................................................................................................................II
Acknowledgements ......................................................................................................III
TABLE of CONTENTS ..............................................................................................IV
List of Figures ..............................................................................................................VII
List of Tables................................................................................................................VIII
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION...............................................................................1
1.1 Background.............................................................................................................1
1.2 Problem Statement..................................................................................................2
1.3 Research Objective ................................................................................................2
1.4 Research Questions ...............................................................................................3
1.5 Research Method ...................................................................................................3
1.6 Aims and Benefit ...................................................................................................3
1.7 Research Scope ......................................................................................................3
1.8 Research Limitation ...............................................................................................3
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW ..................................................................4
2.1 Lean Production .....................................................................................................4
2.1.1 Equipment and Method ................................................................................4
2.1.2 Manufacturing Planning and Control ...........................................................4
2.1.3 Human Resources Practices .........................................................................4
2.1.4 Product Design .............................................................................................5
2.1.5 Supplier Relationship ...................................................................................5
2.1.6 Customer Relationship .................................................................................5
2.2 Industry 4.0 ............................................................................................................6
2.3 The role of Lean in Industry 4.0 ............................................................................6
2.4 Nine Major Pillars of Industry 4.0 .........................................................................7
2.4.1 Big Data and Analysis...................................................................................7
2.4.2 Augmented Reality........................................................................................7
2.4.3 Simulation......................................................................................................7
2.4.4 Internet of Things ..........................................................................................7
2.4.5 Cloud Computing ..........................................................................................7
2.4.6 Cybersecurity.................................................................................................8
2.4.7 System Integration.........................................................................................8
2.4.8 Additive Manufacturing ................................................................................8
2.4.9 Autonomous System......................................................................................8
2.5 Small Medium Enterprise ......................................................................................8
2.5.1 Small Medium Enterprise in Indonesia ........................................................9
2.6 Previous Research .................................................................................................10
2.7 Conceptual Framework ..........................................................................................11
CHAPTER 3 RESEARCH METHODOLOGY .....................................................12
3.1 Research Design ....................................................................................................12
3.1.1 Hypotheses Framework .................................................................................13
3.1.2 Hypotheses Methodology..............................................................................13
3.1.3 Methodology Flow Chart...............................................................................14
3.2 Data Collection ......................................................................................................16
3.2.1 Respondent and Informant ...........................................................................16
3.3 Data Analysis .........................................................................................................16
3.3.1 Validity Test ..................................................................................................16
3.3.2 Reliability Test ..............................................................................................17
3.3.3 Classic Assumption Test ...............................................................................18
3.3.3.1 Multicollinearity Test ........................................................................18
3.3.3.2 Normality Test ..................................................................................18
3.3.3.3 Heteroscedasticity Test......................................................................19
3.4 Hypotheses Test......................................................................................................19
3.4.1 F-Test.............................................................................................................20
3.4.2 t-Test..............................................................................................................20
3.4.3 Coefficient of Determination (R Square) ......................................................21
3.5 Triangulation .........................................................................................................21
CHAPTER 4 RESULT and DISCUSSION..............................................................22
4.1 Participating Companies ........................................................................................22
4.1.1 Respondent Demographics............................................................................23
4.2 Validity Test ..........................................................................................................24
4.3 Reliability Test ......................................................................................................26
4.4 Classic Assumption Test .......................................................................................27
4.4.1 Multicollinearity Test ....................................................................................27
4.4.2 Normality Test...............................................................................................28
4.4.3 Heteroscedasticity Test..................................................................................29
4.5 Hypotheses Test .....................................................................................................30
4.5.1 t-Test..............................................................................................................30
4.5.2 F-Test.............................................................................................................32
4.5.3 Coefficient of Determination (R Square) ......................................................32
4.6 Results of Interview................................................................................................32
4.7 Discussion ..............................................................................................................34
CHAPTER 5 CONCLUSIONS and RECOMMENDATION ...............................38
5.1 Conclusion .............................................................................................................38
5.2 Recommendation ...................................................................................................40
References....................................................................................................................41

List of Figures
Figure 1 Conceptual Framework ..................................................................................11
Figure 2 Framework of Hypotheses ............................................................................13
Figure 3 Flow Chart of Methodology ..........................................................................14
Figure 4 Normality Test result (P-P Plot) ....................................................................29
Figure 5 t-Test and F-Test result summary .................................................................38

List of Tables
Table 1 Consideration of Determining Questions........................................................15
Table 2 Participating Companies..................................................................................22
Table 3 Respondent Demographics (age, education & gender)...................................23
Table 4 Respondent Demographics (length of work & position level) .......................24
Table 5 Validity Test result (Variable X) ....................................................................25
Table 6 Validity Test result (Variable Y).....................................................................26
Table 7 Reliability Test result .....................................................................................27
Table 8 Multicollinearity Test result ...........................................................................28
Table 9 Heteroscedasticity Test result .........................................................................30
Table 10 t-Test result ...................................................................................................31
Table 11 F-Test result (ANOVA) ................................................................................32
Table 12 R-Square result .............................................................................................32
Table 13 The Summary of Interview ...........................................................................33
Anggraini, D., & Nasution, S. H. (2013). Peranan kredit usaha rakyat (KUR) bagi pengembangan UMKM di Kota Medan (studi kasus Bank BRI). Ekonomi dan Keuangan, 1(3).
Antony, M. K. J. Comparing the quality management practices in UK SMEs. Management, 22(8), 860-874.
Dalenogare, L. S., Benitez, G. B., Ayala, N. F., & Frank, A. G. (2018). The expected contribution of Industry 4.0 technologies for industrial performance. International Journal of Production Economics, 204, 383-394.
Erboz, G. (2017, November). How to Define Industry 4.0: Main Pillars of Industry 4.0.In 7th International Conference on Management (ICoM 2017), Publisher in Slovakia
Gujarati, Damodar (2019). Essentials of Econometrics. 5th edition. McGraw-Hill College
Haseeb, M., Hussain, H. I., Ślusarczyk, B., & Jermsittiparsert, K. (2019). Industry 4.0: A solution towards technology challenges of sustainable business performance. Social Sciences, 8(5), 154.
Iranmanesh, M., Zailani, S., Hyun, S. S., Ali, M. H., & Kim, K. (2019). Impact of Lean Manufacturing Practices on Firms’ Sustainable Performance: Lean Culture as a Moderator. Sustainability, 11(4), 1112.
Jasti, N. V. K., & Kodali, R. (2015). Lean production: literature review and trends. International Journal of Production Research, 53(3), 867-885.
Junior, M. L., & Godinho Filho, M. (2010). Variations of the Kanban system: Literature review and classification. International Journal of Production Economics, 125(1), 13-21.
Kagermann, H., Helbig, J., Hellinger, A., & Wahlster, W. (2013). Recommendations for implementing the strategic initiative INDUSTRIE 4.0: Securing the future of German manufacturing industry; final report of the Industry 4.0 Working Group. Forschungsunion.
Kementerian Perindustrian RI. (2019). Retrieved from Menilai Kemampuan Industri di Era Digital, Kemenperin Siap Luncurkan INDI 4.0 on January 17, 2019. https://kemenperin.go.id/artikel/20129/Menilai-Kemampuan-Industri-di-Era-Digital,-Kemenperin-Siap-Luncurkan-INDI-4.0
Kementerian Perindustrian RI. (2019). Retrieved from Apakah Indonesia sudah memasuki era Industry 4.0 on Mei 27, 2019. https://www.kompasiana.com>Humaniora>edukasi
Kolberg, D., Knobloch, J., & Zühlke, D. (2017). Towards a lean automation interface for workstations. International journal of production, 55(10), 2845-2856.
Kolberg, D., & Zühlke, D. (2015). Lean automation enabled by industry 4.0 technologies. IFAC-PapersOnLine, 48(3), 1870-1875.
Landscheidt, S., & Kans, M. (2016). Automation practices in Wood product industries: Lessons learned, current practices and future perspectives. In The 7th Swedish Production Symposium SPS, 25-27 October, 2016, Lund, Sweden. Lund University.
Lorenz, M., Rüßmann, M., Strack, R., Lueth, K. L., & Bolle, M. (2015). Man and machine in industry 4.0: How will technology transform the industrial workforce through 2025. The Boston Consulting Group, 2.
Lucky, E. O., & Olusegun, A. I. (2012). Is small and medium enterprises (SMEs) an entrepreneurship. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 2(1), 487-496.
Manufacturing Indonesia. (2019). Retrieved from making-indonesia-4-0-strategi-ri-masuki-revolusi-industri-ke 4 on March 20,2019.https://manufacturingindonesia.com/making-indonesia-4.0-strategi-ri-masuki-revolusi-industri-ke4
Munteanu, V., & Ştefănigă, A. (2018). Lean manufacturing in SMEs in Romania. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences, 238, 492-500.
Moeuf, A., Pellerin, R., Lamouri, S., Tamayo-Giraldo, S., & Barbaray, R. (2018). The industrial management of SMEs in the era of Industry 4.0. International Journal of Production Research, 56(3), 1118-1136.
Pribadi, A. AM Sardiman. (2011). Interaksi dan Motivasi Belajar Mengajar. Jakarta: Rajawali Press. Arikunto, Suharsimi. (2016). Prosedur Penelitian Suatu Pendekatan Praktek. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta. Aunurrahman. 2012. Belajar dan Pembelajaran. Bandung: Alfabeta. Jurnal Katalogis, 4(4), 166-177.
Rose, A. M. N., Deros, B. M., Rahman, M. A., & Nordin, N. (2011, January). Lean manufacturing best practices in SMEs. In Proceedings of the 2011 International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Operations Management, 2(5),872-877.
Rossini, M., Costa, F., Tortorella, G. L., & Portioli-Staudacher, A. (2019). The interrelation between Industry 4.0 and lean production: an empirical study on European manufacturers. The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology, 102(9-12), 3963-3976.
Rüßmann, M., Lorenz, M., Gerbert, P., Waldner, M., Justus, J., Engel, P., & Harnisch, M. (2015). Industry 4.0: The future of productivity and growth in manufacturing industries. Boston Consulting Group, 9(1), 54-89.
Sanders, A., Elangeswaran, C., & Wulfsberg, J. P. (2016). Industry 4.0 implies lean manufacturing: Research activities in industry 4.0 function as enablers for lean manufacturing. Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management (JIEM), 9(3), 811-833.
Schumacher, A., Erol, S., & Sihn, W. (2016). A maturity model for assessing Industry 4.0 readiness and maturity of manufacturing enterprises. Procedia Cirp, 52, 161-166.
Seppälä, P., & Klemola, S. (2004). How do employees perceive their organization and job when companies adopt principles of lean production? Human Factors and Ergonomics in Manufacturing & Service Industries, 14(2), 157-180.
Sugiyono. (2017). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif, dan R&D. Bandung: Alfabeta, CV
Tortorella, G. L., & Fettermann, D. (2018). Implementation of Industry 4.0 and lean production in Brazilian manufacturing companies. International Journal of Production Research, 56(8), 2975-2987.
Vaidya, S., Ambad, P., & Bhosle, S. (2018). Industry 4.0–a glimpse. Procedia Manufacturing, 20, 233-238.
Womack, J. P., Jones, D. T., & Roos, D. (2007). The machine that changed the world: The story of lean production--Toyota''s secret weapon in the global car wars that is now revolutionizing world industry. Simon and Schuster.
Zuehlke, D. (2010). Smart Factory towards a factory-of-things. Annual reviews in control, 34(1), 129-138.
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top