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研究生:蔡侑霖
研究生(外文):Yulin Tsai
論文名稱:建構虛擬智慧空間架構之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study on The Construction of a Virtual Smart Space
指導教授:劉士豪劉士豪引用關係
指導教授(外文):Su-Houn Liu
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:中原大學
系所名稱:資訊管理研究所
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:71
中文關鍵詞:物聯網無線感測網路網與實體系統智慧空間智慧家庭智慧教室
外文關鍵詞:IoTWSNCPSSmart SpaceSmart HomeSmart Classroom
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智慧空間的出現提供了人們一個更安全、更舒適、更節能的環境。不過當今的智慧空間還是得依賴使用者去學習空間的使用知識,才能對空間進行調整,進而得到改善。更不用說是第一次拜訪此空間的使用者,可能連電源開關在哪裡、怎麼去操作都不了解,又要怎麼去設定這些設備,進而達到使用者所期待的最佳環境,可以說是難上加難。

故本論文以使用者對於建構虛擬智慧空間為研究目的,透過物聯網的連結了解電子產品的即時狀況,無線感測網路蒐集空間內的環境資訊,並利用網宇實體系統進行整合,打造出虛實整合的智慧空間,藉此有效的管理及控制電子產品,打造一個完全使用智慧系統的空間。感測器只要一接收到環境數據後,系統便會自行地調整往目標值前進。目的無非就是將使用者對於空間的使用之知識降自最低,讓使用者直接享受在其最舒適的環境裡。

本研究以中原大學真知教學大樓 412 教室,在導入智慧空間管理系統後,透過網與實體系統的方式,從收集資料、空間自動調整,進行虛實整合,針對當前智慧教室系統的不足進行探討並改善,同時也透過掌控教學環境,提升學生的學習狀況、到課率以及節能的效益。

研究結果得出,透過網宇實體系統的虛實整合的方式,並在智慧空間系統中規劃出完善的判斷邏輯,讓智慧空間一直維持在使用者所期許的最佳環境,能夠有效的將使用者對於空間的使用知識降至最低。
The emergence of smart space has provided people with a safer, more comfortable and more energy-efficient environment. However, today''s smart space still has to rely on users to learn the use of space, in order to adjust the space and improve it. Not to mention the first time users visit this space, they may not even know where the power switch is and how to operate it, and how to set up these devices to achieve the best environment that users expect. It can be said that more difficult.
Therefore, the purpose of this study is to develop a CPS-Based Virtual Smart Space. Understanding the real-time status of electronic products through the connection of the Internet of Things(IOT), wirelessly sense the network(WSN) to collect environmental information in the space, and integrate with the cyberspace physical system to create a smart space of virtual and physical integration, thereby effectively managing and controlling electronic products to create a space that fully uses intelligent systems. As soon as the sensor receives the environmental data, the system will automatically adjust to the target value. The purpose is nothing more than to minimize the user''s knowledge of the use of space, so that users can directly enjoy in their most comfortable environment.
This study uses 412 classrooms of Chen Chih Teaching Building of Chung Yuan Christian University. After the introduction of the smart space management system, the network and the physical system are used to automatically adjust the data from the space and integrate the virtual reality. This study discusses and improves the current shortage of smart classroom systems. At the same time, through controlling the teaching environment, it also improves students'' learning status, class participation, and energy efficiency.
The research results show that through the virtual and physical integration of the cyberspace physical system and the planning of a sound judgment logic in the smart space system, the smart space can always be maintained in the best environment expected by the user, which can effectively minimize the user’s knowledge of the use of space.
目錄
摘要 I
Abstract II
目錄 III
圖目錄 V
表目錄 VII
第 1 章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機 2
1.3 研究目的 3
1.4 研究問題 4
1.5 研究流程 5
第 2 章 文獻探討 7
2.1 物聯網 7
2.2 無線感測網路 9
2.3 網宇實體系統 10
2.4 智慧空間 12
2.5 智慧家庭 12
2.6 智慧教室 13
2.7 小結 14
第 3 章 研究方法 16
3.1 研究方法 17
3.1.1 研究科技 17
3.1.2 發現與診斷 21
3.2 研究對象 22
3.3 系統概念 23
3.4 系統架構 25
3.4.1 研究工具 26
3.5 研究步驟 29
第 4 章 實驗分析與結果 31
4.1 系統運作架構 31
4.2 系統實作 32
4.3 系統分析與結果 35
4.3.1 外部資訊 36
4.3.2 教室現況 38
4.3.3 有課狀態 40
4.3.4 下課後狀態與無人狀態 43
4.3.5 異常值無法排除: 45
4.4 系統驗證 47
第 5 章 結論與建議 49
5.1 學術貢獻 49
5.2 實務貢獻與建議 51
5.2.1 開發廠商 51
5.2.2 使用單位 52
5.3 研究限制 52
5.4 未來研究方向 53
5.4.1 當今的智慧空間發展 53
5.4.2 5G 時代的來臨 54
5.4.3 建置後台管理系統 55
5.4.4 智慧空間的應用 56
參考文獻 58
附件一 63
附件二 64


圖目錄
圖 1 智慧教室架構示意圖 ......................................................................................4
圖 2 研究流程圖 ......................................................................................................6
圖 3 物聯網架構圖 ..................................................................................................8
圖 4 智慧家庭架構圖 ..............................................................................................8
圖 5 WSN 架構圖 .................................................................................................9
圖 6 CPS 架構圖.................................................................................................11
圖 7 智慧教室實驗 ................................................................................................14
圖 8 研究架構程序 ................................................................................................16
圖 9 AI 智慧校園整合系統................................................................................17
圖 10 智慧雲端物連網 ..........................................................................................18
圖 11 412 教室設備位置圖 ................................................................................18
圖 12 412 教室內的感測器設備圖 ....................................................................19
圖 13 無痕點名系統 ..............................................................................................20
圖 14 教學 412 電力監測與管理模組 ................................................................21
圖 15 412 智慧教室的使用者管理後台 ............................................................21
圖 16 教學 412 授課 ............................................................................................22
圖 17 資管三甲同學在智慧教室學習狀況 ..........................................................22
圖 18 系統的人體示意圖 ......................................................................................23
圖 19 智慧空間管理系統運作邏輯 ......................................................................24
圖 20 智慧空間管理系統架構 ..............................................................................25
圖 21 Elasticsearch ...............................................................................................29
圖 22 412 教室運作的架構 ................................................................................31
圖 23 JSON 資料集.............................................................................................32
圖 24 Kibana 視覺化呈現...................................................................................34
圖 25 外部資訊 ......................................................................................................36
圖 26 氣象資訊 ......................................................................................................36
圖 27 課程資訊 ......................................................................................................37
圖 28 教室現況 ......................................................................................................38
圖 29 8:30 至 10:30 資料..................................................................................39
圖 30 原始資料 ......................................................................................................39
圖 31 有效資料 ......................................................................................................39
圖 32 有課狀態 ......................................................................................................40
圖 33 教室門開啟狀態 ..........................................................................................40
圖 34 9:00 點至 9:45的教室狀態數據..............................................................41
圖 35 資料以每分鐘的平均值進行整理 ..............................................................41
圖 36 溫度異常值 ..................................................................................................42
圖 37 智慧空間管理系統下的CPS虛擬判斷架構...............................................42
圖 38 下課後與無人狀態 ......................................................................................43
圖 39 教室門關閉狀態 ..........................................................................................43
圖 40 下課後的亮度 ..............................................................................................44
圖 41 無課狀態亮度 ..............................................................................................44
圖 42 異常值無法排除 ..........................................................................................45
圖 43 異常值問題 ..................................................................................................45
圖 44 異常值改善機制 ..........................................................................................46
圖 45 代理人與物件間的關係 ..............................................................................48
圖 46 虛實整合的智慧空間代理人 ......................................................................49
圖 47 智慧空間管理系統 ......................................................................................50
圖 48 後台管理系統 ..............................................................................................55
圖 49 消防逃生梯智慧警報系統 ..........................................................................57

表目錄
表 1 資料與知識的比較 ..........................................................................................5
表 2 外部資訊 ........................................................................................................26
表 3 環境影響因子 ................................................................................................27
表 4 一般上課狀態目標值 ....................................................................................28
表 5 資料代號相對的意義 ....................................................................................32
表 6 環境目標值 ....................................................................................................35
表 7 客製化資訊 ....................................................................................................37
表 8 412 教室的物件類別 ..................................................................................47
表 9 智慧空間比較 ................................................................................................53
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