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研究生:廖士豪
研究生(外文):LIAO,SHIH-HAO
論文名稱:整合AI電腦視覺與BIM電子圍籬發展智慧維運平台
論文名稱(外文):The Integrating of AI Computer Vision and BIM Virtual Fence Apply to the Intelligent Operation Platform
指導教授:沈揚庭沈揚庭引用關係蕭俊碩
口試委員:林葳蘇瑛敏李芝瑜
口試日期:2020-07-14
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:逢甲大學
系所名稱:建築碩士學位學程
學門:建築及都市規劃學門
學類:建築學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:92
中文關鍵詞:人工智慧情境感知建築資訊模型適地性服務電子圍籬
外文關鍵詞:Context-AwarenessComputer VisionVirtual FenceBuilding Information ModelingLocation Based Service
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建築BIM維運管理在使用者與環境中扮演著協調與溝通角色,但在環境不斷的變化中以及使用者習慣差異下,建築如何學習並且回應以人為本與環境友善,成為智慧建築維運探討的重要議題。2017年視為台灣AI元年,在人工智慧的驅使下,建築的維運管理勢必從當下僅著重在效能調校的既定狀態下,邁向以情境感知為主導的調適建築。
本研究「整合AI電腦視覺與BIM電子圍籬發展智慧維運平台」目的在於以AI判釋使用者情境並在BIM平台上進行空間管理。要建構此系統需包含三個構面,包含建築資訊模型、人工智慧、適地性服務,藉此發展兩項流程,首先由AI建構空間涵構情境感知,其次導入BIM的資訊整合與建築維運動態調適。空間情境感知透過電腦視覺達到情境感知判釋,以使用者位置分佈視為情境狀態,將其轉為空間點位資訊,導入建築資訊模型建構三維空間化的維運管理模式,整合空間、環境、人資訊,以物件導向與電子圍籬主動察覺空間涵構關係。
本系統藉由空間性的電子圍籬管理,達到感知實時情境變化來調適建築空間管理,同時成為建築、人與環境之間的智慧維運的平衡角色。。

The building information model(BIM) platform of building operational management acts as coordination and communication between users and the environment. In the ever-changing environment, how the building learns and responds with human-oriented and environmentally friendly guidelines has become an essential topic in the discussion of the smart building. Driven by artificial intelligence(AI) technology, the method of building operational management will inevitably move from focusing only on efficiency adjustment to an adaptive building dominated by context- awareness. Administrate the building on the BIM platform by using AI to interpret the situation of the users is the purpose of this research (The Integrating of AI Computer Vision and BIM Virtual Fence Apply to the Intelligent Operation Platform).
Three disciplines are required to construct this platform, including BIM, AI, and Location Based services. Two processes are developed by these disciplines. Firstly, AI will construct spatial and situational perception, after that, importing the "perception" into the BIM platform to complete the dynamic adjustment of the building's operational management. The perception is interpreted by AI computer vision. The location of users will be converted into spatial point information as a context state, and then imported into the BIM platform to constructs a three-dimensional spatial pattern for operational management, integrates the information of space, environment, and people. Actively perceive the spatial context by the object-oriented and virtual fence to achieve the purpose of adjusting and administering the building with the real-time context changes.

誌  謝 2
摘  要 4
ABSTRACT 6
目  錄 8
圖目錄 10
第一章 緒論 14
1-1. 研究動機及背景 14
1-2. 研究目的 15
1-3. 研究流程 17
1-4. 研究範圍與限制 18
第二章 文獻探討 19
2-1. 建築資訊模型用於維運整合管理 20
2-1-1、 計算機輔助設施管理 20
2-1-2、 建築維運管理現況 22
2-1-3、 建築資訊模型與維運管理協作 26
2-1-4、 物件導向 30
2-2. 使用者的適地性服務 33
2-2-1、 適地性定位技術 33
2-2-2、 適地性場域解析的服務投遞 34
2-3. 人工智慧技術 38
2-3-1、 電腦視覺影像辨識 41
2-3-2、 無所不在情境感知 42
第三章 BIMO智慧維運構面與方法 46
3-1. 維運管理之應用現況探討 46
3-2. BIMO維運管理系統構面 49
3-2-1 人工智慧 51
3-2-2 建築資訊模型 52
3-2-3 適地性服務 54
3-3. 智慧建築維運管理循環 57
3-3-1 空間涵構情境感知 58
3-3-2 建築資訊整合 58
3-3-3 建築維運動態調適 59
3-4. BIMO智慧維運管理系統流程 61
3-4-1 情境判釋智慧化 64
3-4-2 空間涵構感知化 67
3-4-3 維運管理調適化 69
3-5. 小結 73
第四章 BIMO智慧維運系統實作 74
4-1 人工智慧情境感知 77
4-1-1 影像辨識模型建立 77
4-1-2 影像辨識與跟蹤 78
4-1-3 幾何校正 81
4-2 資料庫 85
4-3 基於網絡的服務系統 85
4-3-1 資訊傳遞與視覺化服務介面 86
4-3-2 模型資訊轉換 87
4-3-3 三維模型網頁查看器 87
4-3-4 數據視覺化模組 88
4-4 小結 91
第五章 結論與建議 94
5-1 結論與討論 94
5-2 建議 97
參考文獻 100


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