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研究生:楊家齊
研究生(外文):YANG, CHIA-CHI
論文名稱:電暈處理對3D列印於紡織品界面黏著力影響之探討
論文名稱(外文):Discussion on the Effect of Interface Adhesion of 3D Printing on Textile by Corona Treatment
指導教授:廖盛焜
指導教授(外文):LIAO, SHEN-KUNG
口試委員:洪輝嵩彭國富廖盛焜
口試委員(外文):HONG, HUI-SONGPENG, KUO-FULIAO, SHEN-KUNG
口試日期:2020-06-29
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:逢甲大學
系所名稱:纖維與複合材料學系
學門:工程學門
學類:紡織工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:101
中文關鍵詞:3D列印電暈處理界面活性劑熱塑性聚氨酯熱塑性聚酯彈性體聚乳酸
外文關鍵詞:3D printingCorona treatmentSurfactantTPUTPEEPLA
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近年來客製化產品在市場上的需求度越來越高,因為客製化產品能直接反映消費者的喜好及個性,客製化最經濟實惠的即是商品可導入個人喜愛的樣式或圖案進行加飾,而目前最常使用的商品裝飾是透過印刷方式。
本研究使用近年逐步興起的3D列印技術結合聚酯織物,將TPU、TPEE、PLA三種熱塑性材料熔融後列印於織物上,並使用電暈處理技術增加織物表面之活性官能基,使織物能和列印物達到更好的界面結合效果。本研究分為四個部分進行,第一部分為對列印材料的TGA、DSC和拉伸測試等基本性質分析。第二部分為織物電暈處理前後效果分析,使用偏光顯微鏡和SEM對織物表面進行觀察,為確保電暈是否有產生親水基團和對織物機械性能的影響,使用接觸角分析進行親水性測試並進行拉伸測試。第三部分利用3D列印將TPU、TPEE、PLA黏附於織物上並檢測剝離強度,從不同電暈條件探討其剝離強度的變化。第四部分將織物含浸陽離子界面活性劑(十六烷基三甲基氯化銨,CTAC)再進行列印,並和電暈處理之效果進行比較。
從實驗結果表明,透過電暈處理能有效增加列印物與織物之間的結合,在功率1500 W時處理5次有最好的效果,並能達到和含浸CTAC一樣的效果,電暈處理能有效避免使用界面活性劑來增加表面活性,而3D列印則能省去開模時間和成本達到高精確度、環保且客製化的目的。

In recent years, the demand for customized products in the market is getting higher and higher, because customized products can directly reflect consumers' preferences and personalities, the most economical customization is that products can be imported into personal favorite styles or patterns for decoration, and the most commonly used for product decoration is through printing.
In the research, the 3D printing technology that has gradually emerged in recent years combined with polyester fabrics, three thermoplastic materials: TPU, TPEE, PLA were melted and printed on the fabric, and corona treatment was using for increasing the active functional groups on the surface of the fabric, so that the fabric can achieve a better interface combination with the printed matter. This research is divided into four parts, the first part is the analysis of basic properties such as TGA, DSC and tensile test of printed materials. The second part is the effect analysis of fabric before and after by corona treatment, observed the surface of the fabric by using polarizing microscope and SEM, in order to ensure whether the fabric produce hydrophilic groups by corona treatment, contact angle was using for hydrophilicity test, and tensile test was using for the mechanical properties. The third part that 3D printing was using to attach TPU, TPEE, PLA to the fabric and testing the peel strength, discussion on the change of peel strength from different corona treatment conditions. In the fourth part, the fabric was impregnated with a cationic surfactant(cetyltrimethylammonium chloride, CTAC) before printing and compare with the effect of corona treatment.
The experimental results show that corona treatment can effectively increase the binding force between printed matter and fabric, five times treatment at 1500 W has the best effect and can achieve the same effect as impregnated CTAC, corona treatment can effectively avoid using surfactants to increase surface activity, and 3D printing can save the time and cost from mold opening to achieve high accuracy, environmental protection and customization.

誌  謝 I
摘  要 II
ABSTRACT IV
目  錄 VI
圖目錄 X
表目錄 XIV
第一章 緒論 1
1.1前言 1
1.2 3D列印 5
1.2.1 熔融沉積成型法(Fused Deposition Modeling) 6
1.2.2光固化法(Stereo Lithography Apparatus) 7
1.2.3 雷射粉末燒結法(Selective Laser Sintering) 9
1.3 3D列印材料 10
1.3.1 熱塑性聚氨酯TPU(Thermoplastic polyurethanes) 10
1.3.2熱塑性聚酯彈性體TPEE(Thermoplastic Polyether Ester Elastomer) 11
1.3.3聚乳酸PLA(Polylactic Acid) 12
1.4聚對苯二甲酸乙二酯PET(Polyethylene terephthalate) 14
1.5實驗動機與目的 14
1.6文獻回顧 17
第二章 原理 22
2.1熔融沉積成型法 22
2.2電暈處理 23
2.3界面活性劑 25
2.3.1界面活性劑定義 25
2.3.2界面活性劑分類 25
2.3.3陰離子型界面活性劑 26
2.3.4陽離子型界面活性劑 26
2.3.5兩性界面活性劑 27
2.3.6非離子型界面活性劑 28
2.3.7十六烷基三甲基氯化銨(Cetyl trimethyl ammonium chloride) 28
2.4壓吸原理 29
2.5接觸角 30
第三章 實驗 33
3.1實驗材料 33
3.2實驗設備 36
3.3實驗架構 38
3.3.1實驗主架構 38
3.3.2 PET織物表面處理 40
3.4接觸角分析 41
3.5掃描式電子顯微鏡(SEM)分析 41
3.6熱重分析儀(TGA) 42
3.7示差掃描量熱儀(DSC)分析 43
3.8拉伸強度測試 45
3.8.1熱塑性線材之拉伸強度 45
3.8.2織物進行電暈處理前後之拉伸強度 45
3.9剝離強度測試 46
3.10織物孔隙率分析 47
第四章 結果與討論 48
4.1列印線材基本性質 48
4.1.1列印線材拉伸性質 48
4.1.2列印線材熱性質探討 52
4.1.2.1列印線材TGA分析 52
4.1.2.2列印線材DSC分析 54
4.2電暈前後對織物影響之探討 57
4.2.1織物電暈前後之表面型態觀察 57
4.2.1.1偏光顯微鏡分析 57
4.2.1.2 SEM分析 60
4.2.2拉伸強度 62
4.2.3接觸角分析 63
4.3熱塑性線材列印於電暈處理織物之效果探討 66
4.3.1最佳列印溫度建置 66
4.3.2列印厚度對剝離強度之影響 67
4.3.3熱塑性線材列印於電暈處理織物之剝離強度探討 68
4.4 CTAC對織物表面處理之效果探討 73
4.4.1最佳濃度建置 73
4.4.2熱塑性線材列印於CTAC處理與電暈處理織物效果之比較 74
4.5織物孔隙率對列印效果影響之探討 76
第五章 結論 77
參考文獻 80





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