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研究生:鍾育庭
研究生(外文):CHUNG, YU-TING
論文名稱:台灣北部地區成人教育程度和月收入與體適能表現之關係
論文名稱(外文):Associations of educational and monthly income levels with health-related physical fitness performances among adults in North Taiwan
指導教授:何健章何健章引用關係
指導教授(外文):HO,CHIEN-CHANG
口試委員:甘乃文葉丁鵬
口試委員(外文):GAN, NAI-WUNYEH, DING-PENG
口試日期:2020-07-13
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:輔仁大學
系所名稱:體育學系碩士在職專班
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:80
中文關鍵詞:體適能教育程度月收入成年人台灣北部地區
外文關鍵詞:physical fitnesseducationmonthly incomeadultsNorth Taiwan
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近幾年來,國家積極推動全民運動,提供優質運動、訓練與休閒之運動環境。本研究目的在探討台灣北部地區男女教育程度和月收入與健康體適能測量值之關係。研究方法為橫斷面研究(cross-sectional study)。以台灣北部地區(基隆市、台北市、新北市、桃園市、新竹縣、新竹市、宜蘭縣)23-64歲成年人為研究對象。資料包括問卷調查(人口學背景、婚姻及生活狀況、健康行為、健康狀況)及體適能檢測(心肺耐力、肌力與肌耐力、柔軟度、身體組成)。
結果:男性教育程度較高者,一分鐘仰臥起坐(肌力與肌耐力)表現較好,且BMI跟腰臀圍比(身體組成)較低。女性教育程度較高者,三分鐘登階(心肺耐力)、一分鐘仰臥起坐(肌力與肌耐力)、坐姿體前彎(柔軟度)表現較好,且BMI跟腰臀圍比(身體組成)較低。男性月收入較高者,三分鐘登階(心肺耐力)表現較差,一分鐘仰臥起坐(肌力與肌耐力)表現較好,且BMI(身體組成)較高。女性月收入較高者,三分鐘登階(心肺耐力)、坐姿體前彎(柔軟度)表現較差,一分鐘仰臥起坐(肌力與肌耐力)表現較好,且腰臀圍比(身體組成)較低。
本研究顯示,台灣北部地區男女教育程度高,體適能表現較好,教育程度低,相對體適能表現較差。台灣北部地區收入高者,體適能表現較差,反之,收入低者體適能表現較好。

Objectives: In recent years, the Taiwanese government has actively promoted sports for all citizens by creating environments allowed for sports, training, and leisure. The purpose of the present study was to determine the Associations of educational and monthly income levels with health-related physical fitness performances among adults in North Taiwan.

Methods: This study adopted a cross-sectional design and recruited participants aged 23–64 years living in northern Taiwan (i.e., Keelung City, Taipei City, New Taipei City, Taoyuan City, Hsinchu County, Hsinchu City, and Yilan County). A questionnaire survey (investigating demographic background, marital and living status, health behavior, and health status) and physical fitness tests (measuring cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength and endurance, flexibility, and body composition) were conducted.

Results: The results were as follows: men with high educational attainment had greater performance in the 1-minute sit up test (measuring muscular strength and endurance) and had a lower body mass index (BMI) and waist–hip ratio (body composition) than those with low educational attainment. Compared with women with low educational attainment, women with high educational attainment had greater performance in the 3-minute step test (cardiorespiratory endurance), 1-minute sit up test (muscular strength and endurance), and sit and reach test (flexibility) and had a lower BMI and waist–hip ratio (body composition). Men who had a high monthly income exhibited poorer performance in the 3-minute step test han did their lower-income counterparts and had a higher BMI, yet their performance in the 1-minute sit up test was greater. Women having a high monthly income had poorer performance than did their lower-income counterparts in the 3-minute step test and sit and reach test, yet they outperformed their counterparts in the 1-minute sit up and had a lower waist–hip ratio.

Conclusions: The results demonstrated that in northern Taiwan, both men and women with high educational attainment outperformed their counterparts with low attainment in the physical fitness tests. Participants with a high monthly income had less favorable performance in the tests compared with those with a low income.

目 次
摘要............................................................. i
謝誌............................................................. v
目次.............................................................vii
表次............................................................. x
圖次............................................................. xi

第壹章 緒論...................................................... 1
第一節 研究背景與動機..............................................2
第二節 研究目的...................................................5
第三節 研究問題...................................................5
第四節 研究假設...................................................6
第五節 研究範圍與限制..............................................7
第六節 名詞釋義...................................................8

第貳章 文獻探討..................................................11
第一節 體適能的定義...............................................11
第二節 體適能的重要性.............................................13
第三節 教育程度與體適能相關之研究...................................16
第四節 月收入與體適能相關之研究.....................................19

第參章 研究方法...................................................23
第一節 研究設計...................................................23
第二節 研究流程...................................................26
第三節 研究對象...................................................27
第四節 研究工具...................................................27
第五節 資料處理與分析..............................................30

第肆章 結果分析與討論..............................................33
第一節 資料庫基本人口學變項分析.....................................33
第二節 教育程度與體適能表現之相關分析................................46
第三節 月收入與體適能表現之相關分析..................................49
第四節 教育程度與體適能指標之關聯性分析...............................52
第五節 月收入與體適能指標之關聯性分析.................................57
第六節 討論........................................................62

第伍章 結論與建議...................................................65
第一節 結論........................................................65
第二節 建議........................................................66

參考文獻…...........................................................69
中文部分............................................................69
外文部分............................................................71

附錄...............................................................75
國民體適能檢測實施辦法...........................................75





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外文部份
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