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研究生:蔡凱駖
研究生(外文):Kai-Ling Tsai
論文名稱:薦椎骨質疏鬆骨折之生物力學探討
論文名稱(外文):Biomechanical Investigation of Sacrovertebral Fracture in Osteoporosis
指導教授:劉保興
指導教授(外文):Bau-Shing Liou
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:義守大學
系所名稱:生物醫學工程學系
學門:生命科學學門
學類:生物化學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:85
中文關鍵詞:薦椎薦椎骨折薦椎生物力學骨質疏鬆有限元素分析
外文關鍵詞:Sacral vertebraeSacral fracturesSacral biomechanicsOsteoporosisFinite element analysis
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目錄………………………………………………………...………I
致謝………………………………………………………………III
中文摘要………………………………………………….………IV
英文摘要……………………………………………………...…VII
圖目錄………………………………………………………..……X
表目錄……………………………………...……………………XII
第一章 緒論……………………………….………………………1
1-1 研究背景 ……………………………………..…………………………………1
1-2 骨質疏鬆 (Osteoporosis) ………………………………..………………………2
1-3 文獻回顧………………………………………………………………………3
1-3-1 薦椎骨折分類……………………..………………………………………3
1-3-2 常見發生部位及後遺症…...………………………………………………4
1-3-3 臨床回顧…………………………………………………………………4
1-3-4 實驗回顧…………………………………………………………………5
1-3-5 有限元素回顧……………………………………………………………6
1-4 研究動機、目的………………………………………………………………7
第二章 材料與方法………………………………………………8
2-1 薦椎骨折模型之建構…………………………………..………..………………8
2-2 骨釘、骨板模型建構……………………………………………………………10
2-3網格分割與材料參數設定……………………………………………………11
2-4 邊界與負載條件………………………………………………………………13
2-5 薦椎骨折模型之命名…………………………………………………………15
第三章 結果……………………………………………………18
3-1 正常薦椎之生物力學結果探討 …..………..…………………………………18
3-2 U型骨折骨釘重建之分析結果探討……………..………………………19
3-3 T型骨折骨釘重建之分析結果探討………….……………………………24
3-4 YⅠ型骨折骨釘重建之分析結果探討…..….…………………………29
3-5 YⅡ型骨折骨釘重建之分析結果探討………….…………………………36
3-6 H型骨折骨釘重建之分析結果探討………....……………………………41
第四章 討論…………….………………………………………55
4-1 加長螺釘………………………………………………………………………55
4-2 一般螺釘………………………………………………………………………56
4-3 加長螺釘與一般螺釘的組合…………………………………………………57
4-4 迷你骨板與可微調骨板的組合………………………………………………58
4-5 推薦打法………………………………………………………………………59
第五章 結論與未來展望………………………………………62
5-1 結論……………………………………………………………………………62
5-2 未來展望………………………………………………………………………63
第六章 參考文獻………………………………………………64
自述………………………………………………………………70
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