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研究生:李俊德
研究生(外文):Jun-Der LI
論文名稱:應用LoRa無線通訊技術之環境節能監測系統開發━以校園燈光為例
論文名稱(外文):The Development of Environmental Energy-saving Monitoring System using LoRa Technology-Take Campus Lights for Example
指導教授:游峰碩
指導教授(外文):Feng-Shuo Yu
口試委員:林娟如葉俊吾
口試委員(外文):CHUAN-JU LINChun-Wu Yeh
口試日期:2020-06-05
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:崑山科技大學
系所名稱:資訊管理研究所
學門:電算機學門
學類:電算機一般學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:83
中文關鍵詞:LoRa物聯網節能監測系統智慧校園
外文關鍵詞:LoRaIOTEnergy savingMonitoring SystemSmart Campus
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:2
  • 點閱點閱:302
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:61
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
隨著資通訊技術的進步,帶動了整個物聯網的蓬勃發展。諸多通訊標準和技術被提出並且應用於物聯網的建構中,其中低功耗和低成本的運算和無線通訊技術的進步也逐漸在改變遙感和監測領域的各項應用。在眾多技術當中,目前有許多通訊標準和技術試圖掌握物聯網,尤其是遙感和通訊技術領域。LoRa是這些技術中的一種,在無線傳感器網絡(WSN)的應用中,LoRa算是近年來討論度相當廣的一種無線電技術。LoRa透過相對簡單的節點,最小的基礎設備,低功耗要求和免許可ISM頻段的建立長距離通信鏈路,使其具有相當大的競爭優勢。儘管許多研究者已經對LoRa低功率無線傳感器網路的功效進行了大量研究工作,但是在現實中仍欠缺關於系統的設計實現和系統實際應用。在本論文中將側重於使用LoRa作為主要通信技術實現校園教室燈光節能監測。從探究物聯網相關應用,再以市場上可獲得的硬體設備來建置系統,並結合網頁來達到顯示數據並且呈現予使用者,提供監測與通知的功能。並且探討LoRa技術應用於大數據收集的可行性以及裝置在室內室外部署的配置,在實驗結果顯示LoRa的數據採集具有穩定性。對於阻隔的建築物,可以增加Gateway的方式來解決覆蓋率不足問題,進而達到全校覆蓋率100%的數據採集,對於未來智慧校園的建構願景提供了一個可行的解決方案。
With the advancement of information and communication technology, it has driven the vigorous development of the entire Internet of Things. Many communication standards and technologies have been proposed and used in the construction of the Internet of Things. Among them, the progress of low-power and low-cost computing and wireless communication technologies has gradually changed various applications in remote sensing and monitoring. Among many technologies, there are currently many communication standards and technologies trying to master the Internet of Things, especially in the field of remote sensing and communication technology. LoRa is one of these technologies. In the application of wireless sensor networks (WSN), LoRa is a radio technology that has been widely discussed in recent years. LoRa establishes a long-distance communication link through relatively simple nodes, minimal basic equipment, low power consumption requirements, and unlicensed ISM bands, giving it a considerable competitive advantage. Although many researchers have conducted a lot of research on the efficacy of LoRa low-power wireless sensor networks, there is still a lack of design and implementation of the system and practical application of the system in reality. In this paper, we will focus on the use of LoRa as the main communication technology to achieve energy-saving monitoring of campus classroom lighting. From exploring related applications of the Internet of Things, the system is built with hardware devices available on the market, and combined with web pages to display data and present it to users, providing monitoring and notification functions. And discuss the feasibility of LoRa technology applied to big data collection and the deployment of devices in indoor and outdoor. The experimental results show that LoRa data collection is stable. For blocked buildings, Gateway can be added to solve the problem of insufficient coverage, and then to achieve 100% coverage of the entire school data collection, which provides a feasible solution for the future construction of smart campus vision.
摘要 I
ABSTRACT II
誌謝 IV
目錄 V
表目錄 VII
圖目錄 VIII
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 1
1.2 研究動機 2
1.3 研究目的 3
1.4 研究流程 4
第二章 文獻探討 5
2.1 無線通訊技術介紹 5
2.1.1 ZigBee 5
2.1.2 Blue Tooth 6
2.1.3 Wi-Fi 7
2.1.4 Z-Wave 7
2.1.5 Sigfox 7
2.1.6 NB-IOT 8
2.1.7 LoRa 9
2.2 物聯網簡介 16
2.2.1 起源 17
2.2.2 定義 17
2.2.3 架構 17
2.3 物聯網相關應用 19
2.4 系統開發工具介紹 20
2.4.1 XAMPP 20
2.4.2 Sublime Text 3 21
2.4.3 Arduino Studio 21
第三章 研究方法 22
3.1 系統生命週期 23
3.1.1 計劃階段(Why) 24
3.1.2 分析階段(What) 24
3.1.3 設計階段(How) 24
3.1.4 實做階段(Why) 25
3.2 系統分析 25
3.2.1節點配置圖 25
3.2.2 實體配置圖 31
3.2.3 使用案例圖 37
3.2.4 流程分析與設計(活動流程圖) 40
3.2.5 資料設計(資料庫) 45
3.2.6 系統架構圖 48
3.3 系統設計 51
3.3.1 MVC設計框架 51
3.3.2 Action Service DAO 54
3.3.3 軟體架構圖 55
第四章 實驗結果 57
4.1 可行性 58
4.1.1 可行性數據分析 58
4.1.2 硬體實作(Fritzing Chart) 61
4.2 系統 62
第五章 結論與未來改進方向 78
5.1 結論 78
5.2 未來改進方向 79
參考文獻 80


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