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研究生:林三虎
研究生(外文):San-Hu Lin
論文名稱:水洗處理油品污染土壤之個案研究
論文名稱(外文):Case Study of Remediating TPH Contaminated Soil by Soil Washing
指導教授:吳庭年
指導教授(外文):Ting-Nien Wu
口試委員:許蕙琳吳龍泉
口試委員(外文):Hwey- lin ShiuLong-Chuan Wu
口試日期:2020-07-20
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:崑山科技大學
系所名稱:環境工程研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:代替論文:技術報告(應用科技類)
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:71
中文關鍵詞:土壤水洗油污土壤土壤搓洗微氣泡清洗泥餅
外文關鍵詞:soil washingTPH contaminated soilsoil screw washingmicrobubble bathingsludge cake
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:244
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  • 下載下載:46
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
本研究係以台灣南部某油品污染整治場址為個案,利用場內土壤水洗設備進行潤滑油污染土壤清洗作業,土壤清洗程序包括:1.乾式振動篩分、2.濕式解泥篩分、3.土壤搓洗、4.微氣泡清洗、5.泥水固液分離等5道工序。試驗油污土壤TPH濃度介於1,875 ~ 9,826 mg/kg,土壤粒徑小於5 mm,使用搓洗設備單元可清洗粒徑0.25 mm ~ 5 mm油污土壤,土壤搓洗速率對土壤搓洗成效的影響甚小,平均污染去除率約79%。使用微氣泡清洗設備單元可清洗粒徑0.074 mm ~ 0.25 mm油污土壤,清洗時間愈長土壤洗淨效果愈佳。在相同清洗時間操作下,有添加氣體微氣泡清洗之土壤TPH污染去除率至少提升20%以上。以微氣泡清洗後土壤TPH濃度合格率要求,建議微氣泡清洗程序操作宜採有添加氣體微氣泡清洗10分鐘或15分鐘的條件。泥水固液分離後出料泥餅TPH濃度介於1,024 ~ 4,648 mg/kg,土壤清洗流程並未發現大量TPH污染量由泥餅排出,泥餅污染量佔比僅2.1% ~ 17.9%,土壤清洗程序乃透過刮除的浮油量移除TPH污染量。
This case study selected a remediation site located in southern Taiwan, which is contaminated with lubricant oil. The on-site soil washing facilities were utilized to clean lubricant oil contaminated soil in this study. The soil washing processes included 5 step cleaning operation as dry vibration screening, wet mud screening, soil screw washing, micro-bubble bathing and decanter separation. The particle size of the contaminated soil is less than 5 mm¸ and its TPH level was measured between 1,875 mg/Kg and 9,826 mg/Kg. Contaminated soil ranging 0.25 mm to 5 mm particle size could be cleaned by soil screw washing. The removal efficiency of TPH contaminants is about 79%, which is slightly affected by screwing speed. Contaminated soil ranging 0.074 mm to 0.25 mm particle size could be cleaned by micro-bubble bathing. The longer micro-bubble bathing, the better removal efficiency of TPH contaminants. The improvement of TPH removal efficiencies were found at least 20% with the addition of air bubbles. The operation of micro-bubble bathing with air bubble addition was suggested 10 min or 15 min for ascertaining TPH of the outflow soil below 1,000 mg/Kg. TPH concentration of the outflow sludge cake was measured between 1,024 mg/Kg and 4,648 mg/Kg after solid-liquid separation. It is implicated that only 2.1% to 17.9% of TPH contaminant mass was condensed in sludge cake, and the majority of TPH contaminant mass was removed by other pathway, such as the scraping of TPH free phase.

中文摘要 I
英文摘要 II
誌謝 IV
目錄 V
表目錄 VI
圖目錄 VII
一、緒論 1
1.1研究背景 1
1.2研究目的 3
二、文獻回顧 5
2.1油品污染土壤特性 5
2.2 油污土壤處理技術 17
2.3土壤及地下水污染整治案例 26
三、研究方法 27
3.1研究流程 27
3.2實驗設備 29
3.3實驗方法 34
3.4樣品分析 39
四、研究成果 47
4.1 土壤搓洗成效 48
4.2 微氣泡清洗成效 51
4.3 固液分離成效 59
4.4 土壤清洗整治成效評析 60
五、 結論與建議 64
5.1 結論 64
5.2建議 66
參考文獻 67


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