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研究生:武氏英桃
研究生(外文):VO, THI ANH DAO
論文名稱:台灣龜山工業區印刷電路板廢水銅吸附菌熱帶假絲菌BR9的篩選與研究
論文名稱(外文):Copper biosorption by Candida tropicalis BR9 isolated from the printed circuit board wastewater (PCBW) – Gui-shan industrial park – Taiwan
指導教授:官文惠官文惠引用關係陳錫金陳錫金引用關係
指導教授(外文):KUAN, WEN-HUICHEN, HSI-JIEN
口試委員:陳文興官文惠陳錫金
口試委員(外文):CHEN, WEN-HSINGKUAN, WEN-HUICHEN, HSI-JIEN
口試日期:2020-05-28
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:明志科技大學
系所名稱:環境與安全衛生工程系環境工程碩士班
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:英文
論文頁數:78
中文關鍵詞:熱帶假絲菌BR9銅生物吸附生物處理印刷電路板廢水 (PCBW)
外文關鍵詞:Candida tropicalis BR9copper biosorptionbiological treatmentthe printed circuit board wastewater (PCBW)
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The printed circuit board wastewater (PCBW) contains high heavy metals concentration, in which copper is the predominant metal. Nowadays, the biological treatment offers a solution that is economical and friendly with the environment. This study investigated of copper biosorption capacity by the bacterial strain identified as Candida tropicalis BR9 from the PCBW in Taoyuan city, Gui-shan industrial park, Taiwan. The copper biosorption was conducted under various values of initial copper concentration, cell concentration, pH, and temperature. The total copper uptake was measured by Inductively Coupled Plasma – Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES) technology and the copper biosorption capacity was performed by the Langmuir and Freundlich biosorption isotherms over the entire copper concentration ranges from 25.6 to 76.8 mg/L. In addition, the experiment also measured optical density at 600 nm (OD600) by Nano Vue-Plus-UM. These results clearly show that the biosorption of Candida tropicalis BR9 can be reached a total absorption of 64.93 mg of Cu2+ per gram of biomass according to the Langmuir model. The results of our experiments indicated that Candida tropicalis BR9 biomass has the potential ability to remove copper from PCBW. In addition, this research can provide a basis for recycling copper by biological wastewater treatment processes.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
RECOMMENDATION LETTER FROM THE THESIS ADVISOR i
THESIS/DISSERTATION ORAL DEFENSE COMMITTEE CERTIFICATION ii
ACKNOWLEDGMENTS iii
ABSTRACT iv
TABLE OF CONTENTS v
LISTS OF FIGURES viii
LISTS OF TABLES x
CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Background 1
1.3 Objective 4
CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW 5
2.1 Heavy metals concentration in PCBW 5
2.2 Copper and its effects on wastewater treatment system 6
2.2.1 Basic properties of copper 6
2.2.2 Toxicity on wastewater treatment 7
2.3 Heavy metal ions removal techniques 9
2.3.1 The conventional processes for copper removal 9
2.3.2 Adsorption with new adsorbents 20
2.4 Bacterial culture media and isolation methods 25
2.4.1 Bacterial culture media 25
2.4.2 Bacterial isolation 25
2.5 Factors affecting bacterial growth in biological treatment 26
2.6 Candida tropicalis 28
CHAPTER 3: MATERIALS AND METHODS 30
3.1 Design and frame of the study 30
3.2 Culture and sample solution preparation 31
3.2.1 Experimental devices 31
3.2.2 Materials 32
3.2.3 Procedure 33
3.3 Analysis preparation 35
3.3.1 Inductively Coupled Plasma – Optical Emission Spectrometry (ICP-OES) technology 35
3.3.2 Nano Vue-Plus-UM spectrophotometer 36
3.3.3 Cell concentration testing 36
3.4 Microorganisms isolation and identification 39
3.4.1 Source 40
3.4.2 Procedure 40
3.5 Biosorption experiment 40
3.6 Biosorption isotherms 44
CHAPTER 4: RESULTS AND DISCUSSION 46
4.1 Microorganisms isolation and identification 46
4.2 Determined effects of the initial conditions on Candida tropicalis BR9 47
4.2.1 Effects of initial copper concentration 47
4.2.2 Effects of initial pH 49
4.2.3 Effects of initial cell concentration 51
4.2.4 Effects of initial temperature 53
4.3 Isotherms 55
CHAPTER 5: CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTION 58
5.1 Conclusion 58
5.2 Suggestion 58
REFERENCE 59

LISTS OF FIGURES
Figure 2-1: Copper cementation on ions 14
Figure 2-2: Reverse osmosis mechanism 14
Figure 2-3: The adsorption of Cu2+ on TiO2. 22
Figure 2-4: Phylogenetic tree of Candida spp., obtained from the gen-bank database (https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/). 28
Figure 3-1: Research flow chart. 30
Figure 3-2: The preparation procedure of experimental solution. 34
Figure 3-3: Isolated and identified bacterial strain procedure. 39
Figure 3-4: Biosorption experiment procedure. 41
Figure 4-1: The growth curve of Candida tropicalis BR9 where copper (II) con. = without copper, 25.6, 51.2 and 76.8 mg/L; cell con. = 0.1g/L, temperature =30oC; pH = 7±0.2; and tcontact = 72 hours. 48
Figure 4-2: The removal C/Co of Candida tropicalis BR9 where copper (II) con. = without copper, 26.5, 51.2 and 76.8mg/L; cell con. = 0.1g/L, temperature =30oC; pH = 7±0.2; and tcontact = 72 hours. 48
Figure 4-3: The growth curve of Candida tropicalis BR9 where pH = 5, 6, and 7±0.2; copper (II) con. = 25.6mg/L; cell con. = 0.1g/L; temperature =30oC; and tcontact = 72 hours. 50
Figure 4-4: The removal C/Co of Candida tropicalis BR9 where pH = 5, 6, and 7±0.2; copper (II) con. = 25.6mg/L; cell con. = 0.1g/L; temperature = 30oC; and tcontact = 72 hours. 50
Figure 4-5: The growth curve of Candida tropicalis BR9 where cell con. = 0.05, 0.1 and 0.15 g/L; copper (II) con. = 25.6 mg/L; pH = 7±0.2; temperature =30oC; and tcontact = 72 hours. 52
Figure 4-6: The removal C/Co of Candida tropicalis BR9 where cell con. = 0.05, 0.1 and 0.15g/L; copper (II) con. = 25.6 mg/L; pH = 7±0.2; temperature =30oC; and tcontact = 72 hours. 52
Figure 4-7: The growth curve of Candida tropicalis BR9 where temperature =20, 30 and 40oC; copper (II) con. = 25.6mg/L; pH = 7±0.2; cell con. = 0.1 g/L; and tcontact = 72 hours. 54
Figure 4-8: The removal C/Co of Candida tropicalis BR9 where temperature =20, 30 and 40oC; copper (II) con. = 25.6 mg/L; pH = 7±0.2; cell con. = 0.1 g/L; and tcontact = 72 hours. 54
Figure 4-9: Langmuir isotherm for the biosorption of Candida tropicalis BR9 at the experiment of various initial copper (II) concentration. 56
Figure 4-10: Freundlich isotherm for the biosorption of Candida tropicalis BR9 at the experiment of various initial copper (II) concentration. 56

LISTS OF TABLES
Table 2-1: Chemical composition of PCB reported in literatures. 6
Table 2-2: Heavy metal removal by MEUF and PEUF membrane. 16
Table 2-3: Heavy metal ions removal by using UF, NF, RO, and NF + RO [43]. 19
Table 2-4: Heavy metal ions removal by living microorganisms 24
Table 2-5: Temperature classification of biological processes. 27
Table 3-1: The composition of culture media and experimental solution. 35
Table 3-2: The devices and materials are used in the research. 37
Table 4-1: The top ten most likely outcomes from the database. 46
Table 4-2: Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm constants and regression coefficient at the experiment of various initial copper concentration. 55
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