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研究生:林謹平
研究生(外文):Lin, Chin-Ping
論文名稱:貶抑幽默:社會認同理論與社會支配理論之比較
論文名稱(外文):Disparagement humor: the comparison of social identity theory and social dominance theory
指導教授:李怡青李怡青引用關係
口試委員:李怡青孫蒨如陳學志張仁和
口試日期:2020-01-17
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:心理學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:心理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:109
中文關鍵詞:社會支配理論社會認同理論貶抑幽默
外文關鍵詞:Social dominance theorySocial identity theoryDisparagement humor
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本研究以實驗法檢驗社會認同理論(Social Identity Theory, SIT)和社會支配理論(Social Dominance Theory, SDT)對貶抑幽默的解釋,並確認是否有交互作用。依據社會認同理論,人們對內群體認同度高者會對貶低外群體的笑話較覺得好笑,社會支配理論則預期社會支配性(Social Dominance Orientation, SDO)高者會對貶抑低地位群體的笑話較覺得好笑。兩個理論的主要變項間也可能有交互作用,預期當對內群體認同度高且社會支配性高時,會覺得貶抑低地位外群體的笑話是好笑的。研究一分別檢驗社會支配性及內群體認同程度對於貶抑幽默反應的預測,結果顯示對內群體認同程度僅對高地位外群體的貶抑笑話有效果,社會支配性對不同地位的外群體貶抑笑話都有預測效果。研究二同時測量內群體認同程度及社會支配性外,也探討內群體認同程度與社會支配性的交互作用,發現認同程度無預期效果,社會支配性則穩定預測貶抑低地外群體笑話的好笑反應,但兩者無交互作用,此外,對貶抑內群體笑話的效果及威脅的調節效果也一併討論。綜合兩個研究,社會支配性對貶抑外群體笑話的預測較為穩定,突顯人們對自身階級的維持動機促使貶抑幽默的使用和傳遞。
The aim of the research is to test the explanation offered by Social Identity Theory (SIT) and Social Dominance Theory (SDT); and to test the interaction effect of ingroup identity and social dominance orientation for disparagement humor. According to Social Identity Theory, individuals with higher ingroup identity may find jokes disparaging outgroups funnier, whereas according to Social Dominance Theory, individuals with higher social dominance orientation (SDO) may find jokes disparaging outgroups of low-status funnier. Furthermore, it is possible that individuals with higher ingroup identity and higher social dominance orientation may find jokes disparaging outgroups of low-status the most funny. In Study 1, I separately examined social dominance orientation and ingroup identity as predictors of disparagement humor against outgroups. Individuals with higher ingroup identity tend to find disparagement humor against the high-status outgroup funnier, whereas individuals with higher social dominance orientation tend to find disparagement humor against outgroups funnier, regardless of their group status. In Study 2, I retested the hypotheses and found that social dominance orientation was associated with disparagement humor against the low-status outgroup, but there was no interaction effect between the ingroup identity and social dominance orientation on disparagement humor. The disparagement humor against ingroup and the moderation of threat are also examined. From the findings of both studies, social dominance orientation, but not ingroup identity, is a more reliable predictor of disparagement humor against outgroups, showing that the motivation to maintain people’s group status encouraged the use and the delivery of disparagement humor.
第一章 研究動機與目的 7
第二章 文獻回顧 8
第一節 貶抑幽默 9
一、個人層次的貶抑幽默 9
二、群際貶抑幽默 10
三、探討貶抑幽默的重要性 11
第二節 社會認同理論與社會支配理論對貶抑幽默的解釋 12
一、社會認同理論(Social identity theory, SIT) 12
二、社會支配理論(Social dominance theory, SDT) 16
第三節 理論比較與探討 20
第三章 研究方法 23
第一節 預試 23
第二節 研究一 28
第三節 研究二 42
第四章 綜合討論 56
第一節 研究結果討論 57
第二節 研究貢獻 59
第三節 研究限制及未來研究方向 61
參考文獻 63
附錄一:預試問卷 71
附錄二:研究一問卷 86
附錄三:研究二問卷 97
中文部分
何宜錚、黃鴻程、陳學志、王雅萍、賴惠德(2010)。國中生幽默風格與自尊及情緒智力之相關研究。《中華心理衛生學刊》,23,271-304。
徐芝君、陳學志、邱發忠(2005)。千萬別笑,不然您的態度會從看笑話中洩露:貶抑類幽默感知態度調整理論之驗證。《應用心理研究》,26,143-165。
曾嬿芬(2006)。誰可以打開國界的門?移民政策的階級主義。《台灣社會研究季刊》,61,73-107。
詹雨臻、陳學志、卓淑玲、 Martin, R. A. (2011)。 區分良善與有害的幽默──正體中文版「幽默風格量表」的發展。《測驗學刊》專刊,207-234。
鄭昭明、陳學志、詹雨臻、蘇雅靜、曾千芝(2013)。台灣地區華人情緒與相關心理生理資料庫—中文笑話評定常模。《中華心理學刊》,55,555- 569。

英文部分
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