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研究生:吳愛明
研究生(外文):Dambieva Nomin
論文名稱:成為僑民:布里亞特身分在台灣及西歐的轉變
論文名稱(外文):Becoming Diaspora: The Transformation of Buryat Identity in Taiwan and Western Europe
指導教授:方孝謙方孝謙引用關係
指導教授(外文):Barry Fong
口試日期:2020-02-10
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立政治大學
系所名稱:國際傳播英語碩士學位學程(IMICS)
學門:傳播學門
學類:一般大眾傳播學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:英文
論文頁數:103
中文關鍵詞:僑民身份
外文關鍵詞:diasporaidentityethnic identitydiasporic identityacculturation strategybelonginghomeTaiwanWestern Europecollective identityBuryat
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定性研究有助於與僑民和身份政治相關的社會科學研究。關於居住在俄羅斯,蒙古和中國以外的其他國家的布里亞特僑民的研究很少。這項研究辯論了科恩(Cohen)對不同類型的僑民的分類,並通過深入訪談來解釋其背後的原因。台灣和西歐的布里亞特僑民不屬於上述任何類別。討論了新型的“高技能”僑民。
這項研究為種族身份的定義做出了貢獻,強調了自我分類,行為參與,群體內態度,探索,依戀和承諾等組成部分的重要性。布里亞特人移居東道國後,發展出俄羅斯和布里亞特的集體身份,並採用僑居混合身份,這包括其早期的社會化,集體身份和人口環境影響,例如與祖國,祖國的關係,遷徙原因及其生活經驗。了解海外布里亞特人的生活方式也將有助於理解文化適應過程,這是社會科學中的重要論述。兩個僑民都採用整合適應策略。
The qualitative research contributes to social science studies related to diaspora and identity politics. There are few studies conducted on Buryat diasporas living in different countries other than Russia, Mongolia and China. This research debates Cohen’s classification of different types of diaspora and explain the reasons behind that, using in-depth interviews. Buryat diaspora in Taiwan and Western Europe do not fit into any of this classifications. The new type of so-called ‘highly-skilled’ diaspora is discussed.
The research contributes to the definition of ethnic identity, emphasizing the importance of such components as self-categorization, behavioral involvement, in-group attitudes, exploration and attachment and commitment. Buryats develop Russian and Buryat collective identity, adopting diasporic hybrid identity, after moving to the host country, which consists of their early socialization, collective identity and demographic environmental influences, such as ties to homeland, hostland, migration reasons and their lived experience. Understanding of lifestyle of overseas Buryats would also help to understand acculturation processes which are significant discourses in social science. Both diasporas adopt integration acculturation strategy.
AKNWOLEDGEMENT i
ABSTRACT ii
TABLE OF CONTENTS iii
LIST OF TABLES AND FIGURES vii
CHAPTER 1 INTRODUCTION 1
1.1 Introduction 1
1.2. Research background, Research Objectives, Problem statement 3
1.2.1 Research background 3
1.2.2 Research Objectives 4
1.2.3 Problem statement 4
1.3. Significance and expected output of the proposed research 4
1.4. Thesis outline 5
CHAPTER 2 LITERATURE REVIEW 7
2.1 Introduction 7
DIASPORA AND TRANSNATIONALISM 7
2.2 Diaspora 7
2.2.1 The notion of diaspora 7
2.2.2 Diasporic communities 9
2.2.3 Migration 11
2.2.4 The concepts of ‘home’, ‘place’, and ‘belonging’ 12
2.3 The Emergence of Transnationalism 13
2.3.1 Transnational migration 14
IDENTITY AND THE NOTIONS OF IDENTITY 15
2.4 Identity 15
2.4.1 Social Identity 15
2.4.2 Multiple Identities 17
2.4.3 Collective identity 17
2.4.4 Cultural Identity 18
2.4.5 Hybrid Identity 19
2.4.6 Situational identity 19
2.5 Ethnicity and nationalism 20
2.5.1 Nationalism 20
2.5.2 National Identity 20
2.5.3 Ethnicity 21
2.5.4 Ethnic Identity 21
2.5.4.1 Components of ethnic identity 23
2.5.4.2 Stages of Ethnic Identity 25
2.5.4.3 Acculturation 26
2.6 Diasporic identity 27
2.6.1 Diasporic hybrid identity 28
CHAPTER 3 CONTEXT AND HISTORICAL BACKGROUND 29
3.1 History of Buryats 29
3.2 Socio-political and economic discriminations: Russian role 36
3.2.1 Early socialization process of Buryats 36
3.3 BURYAT IDENTITY 37
3.3.1 Identity and ‘belonging’ 38
3.3.2 Homeland, nature, territory 39
3.3.2.1 Ancestral homeland 39
3.3.2.2 National homeland 42
3.3.3 Traditional dance and festivals 43
3.3.4 Language 46
3.3.5 Religion 48
3.3.6 Acculturation strategy of Buryats in Russia 50
3.4 Buryat Diaspora 51
3.4.1 Historical and Migrant Buryat Diaspora 51
3.4.1.1 Buryat diaspora in China (Inner Mongolia) 51
3.4.1.2 Buryat diaspora in Mongolia 51
3.5 Buryat Identity in the Diaspora 53
3.5.1 Ethnic identity of Shenehen Buryats 53
3.5.2 Ethnic identity of Mongolian Buryats 55
3.5.3 Acculturation strategy of Buryats in diasporas 55
CHAPTER 4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS AND METHODS 57
4.1 Research questions 57
4.2 Research model 57
4.3 Data collection 57
4.3.1 Thematic analysis 58
4.4 Sampling frame 59
4.4.1 List of the interviewees 60
4.4.2 Interview process and guidelines 60
4.4.3 Semi-structured interviews 61
CHAPTER 5 FINDINGS AND ANALYSIS 64
5.1 BURYAT DIASPORA IN TAIWAN 64
5.1.1 Buryat and Russian collective identity 64
5.1.1.1 Self-categorization 64
5.1.1.2 Importance of group membership 66
5.1.1.3 In-group attitudes 67
5.1.1.4 Behavioral involvement 68
Culture 68
5.1.1.4.1 Religion 70
5.1.1.4.2 Traditional holidays 71
5.1.1.4.3 Language 72
5.1.1.5 Exploration 72
5.1.1.6 Attachment and commitment 73
5.1.2 Demographic environmental influences 73
5.1.2.1 Reasons of migration 73
5.1.2.2 Homeland 74
5.1.2.3 Hostland 76
5.1.2.3.1 Challenges 77
5.1.2.3.2 Acculturation strategy 77
5.2 BURYAT DIASPORA IN WESTERN EUROPE 79
5.2.1 Buryat and Russian collective identity 79
5.2.1.1 Self-categorization 79
5.2.1.2 Importance of group membership 80
5.2.1.3 In-group attitudes 80
5.2.1.4 Behavioral involvement 81
Culture 81
5.2.1.4.1 Religion 82
5.2.1.4.2 Traditional holidays 83
5.2.1.4.3 Language 83
5.2.1.5 Exploration 84
5.2.1.6 Attachment and commitment 84
5.2.2 Demographic environmental influences 84
5.2.2.1 Reasons of migration 84
5.2.2.2 Homeland 85
5.2.2.3 Hostland 86
5.2.2.3.1 Acculturation strategy 87
CHAPTER 6 CONCLUSION 88
6.1 Conclusion 88
6.1.1 Importance of identity components 89
6.1.2 Diasporic hybrid identity 92
6.2 Limitations 95
6.3 Future research 96
REFERENCES 97
APPENDIX 102


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