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研究生:林喬敏
研究生(外文):Chiao-Min Lin
論文名稱:紅龍果肥培管理與非化學農藥資材對濕腐病發生之影響
論文名稱(外文):Effects of Fertilization Management and Non-chemical Materials on Fruit Wet Rot of Pitaya
指導教授:鍾文鑫黃政華黃政華引用關係
口試委員:蔡志濃
口試日期:2020-01-21
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中興大學
系所名稱:植物醫學暨安全農業碩士學位學程
學門:農業科學學門
學類:植物保護學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:60
中文關鍵詞:紅龍果濕腐病鈣肥非化學農藥資材碳酸鹽類植物精油
外文關鍵詞:PitayaWet rot diseaseCalciumNon-chemical materialsCarbonatesEssential oils
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中文摘要 i
Abstract ii
目錄 iv
表次索引 vii
圖次索引 viii
前言 1
材料與方法 7
一、 供試濕腐病菌 (Gilbertella persicaria) 菌株 7
(一) 病原菌來源及保存 7
(二) 病原菌之形態鑑定 7
(三) 病原菌之分子鑑定 7
二、 田間施用鈣肥試驗 8
三、 四種精油對 G. persicaria GP01 生長抑制效果 10
(一) 供試材料來源 10
(二) 精油培養基對菌絲生長之抑制效果測試 10
(三) 精油培養基對孢子發芽之抑制效果測試 11
四、 五種碳酸鹽類對 G. persicaria GP01 生長抑制效果 11
(一) 供試材料來源 11
(二) 碳酸鹽類培養基對菌絲生長之抑制效果測試 11
(三) 碳酸鹽類培養基對孢子發芽之抑制效果測試 11
五、 測試精油對紅龍果之影響 12
六、 測試碳酸鹽類對紅龍果之影響 12
七、 評估紅龍果浸泡精油防治 G. persicaria GP01 之效果 12
八、 評估紅龍果浸泡碳酸鹽類防治 G. persicaria GP01 之效果 12
九、 統計分析 13
結果 14
一、 病原菌鑑定結果 14
二、 田間施用鈣肥試驗 14
(一) 臺中市外埔區果實品質測定 14
(二) 彰化縣二林鎮果實品質測定 15
(三) 臺中市外埔區及彰化縣二林鎮採後果實之耐病性試驗 16
三、 田間病蟲害調查 16
(一) 濕腐病 16
(二) 潰瘍病 17
(三) 臺灣黃毒蛾 17
(四) 東方白點花金龜 18
(五) 仙人掌盾介殼蟲 18
(六) 南方綠椿象 18
(七) 蟻類 18
(八) 鳥類 18
四、 四種精油對 G. persicaria GP01 生長抑制效果 19
(一) 精油培養基對菌絲生長之抑制效果測試 19
(二) 精油培養基對孢子發芽之抑制效果測試 19
五、 五種碳酸鹽類對G. persicaria GP01 生長抑制效果 19
(一) 碳酸鹽類培養基對菌絲生長之抑制效果測試 19
(二) 碳酸鹽類培養基對孢子發芽之抑制效果測試 19
六、 測試肉桂及丁香精油對紅龍果之影響 20
七、 測試碳酸鈉及碳酸氫銨對紅龍果之影響 20
八、 紅龍果浸泡精油防治 G. persicaria GP01 之效果 20
九、 紅龍果浸泡碳酸鹽類防治 G. persicaria GP01 之效果 20
討論 21
參考文獻 25
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