(54.236.58.220) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/02/28 23:34
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:李哲綸
研究生(外文):LEE, CHELUN-LUN
論文名稱:探討垂直綠化系統與建築物距離對建築物隔熱影響之研究
論文名稱(外文):A recerach on the influence of the distance between the Vertical Greening Systems and building on the heat isulation of the building
指導教授:宋文沛宋文沛引用關係
指導教授(外文):SUNG, WENG-PEI
口試委員:吳桂陽陳廷育黃建勳
口試委員(外文):WU, KUEI-YANGCHEN, TING-YUHUANG, CHIEN-HSUN
口試日期:2020-07-14
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立勤益科技大學
系所名稱:景觀系
學門:建築及都市規劃學門
學類:景觀設計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:148
中文關鍵詞:都市化垂直綠化系統遮蔽率太陽輻射值微氣候表面溫度
外文關鍵詞:UrbanizationVertical Greening SystemsCoverage rateSolar radiationMicroclimitSurface temperature
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:1
  • 點閱點閱:49
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:9
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
從18世紀工業革命後開始都市化快速發展,都市化過程中人類也發覺此過程中所導致的環境議題,這些議題最廣為人知氣候變遷、全球暖化、溫室效益、熱島效應、溫室氣體大量產生、綠地面積萎縮、生態多樣性降低…等。因此,人類透過環境規劃、法律制定、生活模式改變開始去尋找與地球和平共處互利互惠的新生活模式。與此之中,都市開發中的生態城市概念廣被大眾所推崇,在此概念中又以垂直綠化系統廣泛被大眾所使用。垂直綠化系統不僅僅符合生態城市概念,同時增加都市內綠化空間,也可美化單調水泥叢林的都市樣貌。本次實驗使用垂直綠化系統參照現實居住環境條件建置實驗模場,設置在建築物西側以阻隔中午過後西曬為主要使用,並且本研究設置垂直綠化系統在不同距離於建築物西側,研究垂直綠化系統對建築物及環境影響的最佳距離。實驗結果可以得知,在有垂直綠化系統的情況下對建築物是有正向影響的。實驗顯示,有設置垂直綠化系統且遮蔽率在95%以上可降低太陽輻射90—96%,垂直綠化系統內太陽輻射值在5—30W/m2;垂直綠化系統內微氣象站溫度降低0.5—2.1℃;建築物西側有垂直綠化系統情況下可有效降低牆面溫度5—12℃相對於垂直綠化牆面溫度,牆面溫度可降低10—31℃相對於對照組牆面;垂直綠化可有效降低室內溫度4—5℃相對於對照組,對照組在為垂直綠化情況下室內溫度差可達2—3℃,在有垂直綠化系統情況下建築物內部溫度上升趨勢平緩且溫度分布平均。
Urdanization have been thriving after 18th century the Industrial revolution. At the process of urbanization human have found lots of issue in this process, and the most well-known urban issue are climate changing, global warming, green house effect, heat island effect, greenhouse gases produce, green area shriveling, reduced biodiversity et. al. Therefore, people start to seek the new life style balanced and benefited with the mother earth by environmental planning, alter living style, legislated. In this all, Eco-city and Sustainable city are the most well-known and esteemed idea in the urban development, and the Vertical Greening Systems (VGSs) is the one of the highly promoted and employed as a central character in the idea of the Eco-city. Vertical Greening Systems the method, which not only increase greening area of limited urban area, but embellish the landscape of the monotonous citys appearance surrounded by cement jungle, are consistant with the idea of the Eco-city. In this experiment, Vertical Greening Systems set up to isolate thermal heating in a modaled lab referenced from realistic dwelling, heated by the sun at the west of the building after noon. Under the above situation, in this experiment will set up the VGSs at different distance, between the VGSs and the building, to probe in which distance contributing to the best effect on the building and environment. In this study show positive influence on the building equepted with the VGSs on the west side to isolate direct radiation from sun. Building with VGSs, plants coverage over 95%, can reduce 90~96% solar radiation from sun. The solar radiation value inside the VGSs is 5~30W/m2. Building with VGSs can effectively reduce west side surface temperature 5~12℃ compare to VGSs surface; West side surface of the building with VGSs can also reduce 10~31℃ compare to control group. Building with VGSs can effectively reduce indoor temperature 4~5℃ compare to control group. Though, the building set up with VGSs can maintain indoor fluctuations in 1℃. Control group without VGSs it’s indoor fluctuartion of temperature might increase 2~3℃ than testing group. Under above result, we can get the conclusion that building with VGSs can defuce interior temperature fluctuation and distribut the interior temperature balancedly.
摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
致 謝 iv
目錄 v
圖目錄 viii
表目錄 xiii
一、緒論 1
1.1研究動機 1
1.2 研究目的 3
二、文獻回顧 4
2.1 垂直綠化演進與發展 4
2.2 垂直綠化之效益 4
2.2.1 垂直綠化之熱效益 5
2.2.2 垂直綠化之節能效益 8
2.2.3 垂直綠化潛力發展 8
2.3 垂直綠化型式 9
2.3.1 粗略劃分垂直綠化型式 9
2.3.2 台灣建築研究所分類六種型式 10
2.3.3 常見的六種垂直綠化系統 10
2.4 垂直綠化植栽選種 12
2.4.1 適合垂直綠化選種 12
2.4.2 台灣地區垂直綠化適合之選種 12
三、研究方法 14
3.1 研究場域及範圍 15
3.1.1 研究區位環境氣候條件 16
3.1.2 實驗場域建置 17
3.2 實驗屋 18
3.3 垂直綠化系統 19
3.3.1 垂直綠化距離 20
3.3.2 植栽/介質/容器選種 23
3.3.3 澆灌系統 27
3.4 數值監測 29
3.4.1 環境氣象監測站 30
3.4.2 微型氣象監測站 32
3.4.3 室內60點溫度感測儀 35
3.4.4 統計分析 37
四、研究結果與討論 38
4.1 實驗條件設定 38
4.1.1 監測氣候條件 39
4.1.2 植栽選種測試 41
4.2 垂直綠化50公分遮蔽率70%以下 43
4.2.1 監測期間環境條件 44
4.2.2 垂直綠化50公分遮蔽率70%以下效益 45
4.2.3 垂直綠化50公分遮蔽率70%以下室內溫度分布變化 48
4.3 垂直綠化50公分遮蔽率95%以上 56
4.3.1 監測期間環境條件 58
4.3.2 垂直綠化50公分遮蔽率95%以上效益 59
4.3.3 垂直綠化50公分遮蔽率95%以上室內溫度分布變化 63
4.4 垂直綠化100公分遮蔽率70%以下 71
4.4.1 監測期間環境條件 72
4.4.2 垂直綠化100公分遮蔽率70%以下效益 73
4.4.3 垂直綠化100公分遮蔽率70%以下室內溫度分布變化 76
4.5 垂直綠化100公分遮蔽率70—95%之間 84
4.5.1 監測期間環境條件 86
4.5.2 垂直綠化100公分遮蔽率70—95%之間效益 87
4.5.3 垂直綠化100公分遮蔽率70—95%之間室內溫度分布變化 91
4.6 垂直綠化100公分遮蔽率95%以上 99
4.6.1 監測期間環境條件 100
4.6.2 垂直綠化100公分遮蔽率95%以上效益 101
4.6.3 垂直綠化100公分遮蔽率95%以上室內溫度分布變化 106
4.7 統計分析 114
4.7.1實驗組/對照組西側微氣象站比較 115
4.7.2 實驗組/對照組西側牆面/垂直綠化牆面比較 120
4.7.3 實驗組/對照組室內西側溫度比較 130
五、研究結論與建議 140
5.1 研究結論 140
5.2 研究建議 143
六、參考文獻 145

1.Alexandra Medl, Rosemarie Stangl, Florin Florimeth, 2017, “A review on recent technologies and research adveacement”, Building and Environment, vol.125, pp.227-239.
2.A. Pena-Garcia, J.C. Lopez, A.I. Grindlay, 2015, “Decrease of energy demands of lighting installations in road tunnels based in the forestation of portal surroundings with climbing plants”, Tunnelling and Underground Space Technology, vol.46, pp.111-115.
3.B. Jaafar, I. Said, M.N.M. Reba, M.H. Rasidi, 2015, “An Experimental Study on Bioclimatic Design of Vertical greenary Systems in the Tropical Climate, pp.369-376.
4.C.Y. Cheng, Ken K.S. Cheung, L.M. Chu, 2010, “Thermal performance of a vegetated cladding system on façade walls”, Building and Environment, vol.45, pp.1779-1787.
5.C.Y. Jim, Hongming He, 2011, “Estimating heat fiux transmission of vertical greenery ecosystem”, Ecoolgical Engineering, vol.37, pp.1112-1122.
6.F. Olivien, L. Olivien, J. Neila, 2014, “Experimental study of the thermal-energy performance of an insulated vegetal façade under summer conditions in a continental mediterramean climate”, vol.77, pp.61-76.
7.F. Victorero, S. Vera, W. Bustamante, F. Tori, C. Bomilla, J. Gironas, V. Rojas, 2015, “Experimantal study of thermal performance of living walls under semiarid climatic conditions, Energy Procedia, vol.78, pp.3416-3421.
8.Gabriel Perez, Lidia Rincon, Anna Vila, Josep M. Gonzalez, Luisa F. Cabeza, 2011, “Green vertical systems for buildings as passive systems for energy savings”, Applied Energy, vol.88, pp.4854-4859.
9.Irina Susorova, Melissa Angulo, Payam Bahrami, Brent Stephens, 2013, “A model of vegetated exterior facades for evaluation of wall thermal performance”, Building and Environment, vol.67, pp.1-13.
10.Katia Perini, Marc Ottele, A.L.A. Fraaij, E.M. Haas, Rossana Raiteri, 2011, “Vertical greening systems and the effect on air flow and temperature on the building envelope”, Building and Environment, vol.46, pp.2287-2294.
11.K.J. Kontoleon, E.A. Eumorfopoulou, 2010, “The effect of orientation and proportion of a plant-coverd wall layer on the thermal performance of a building zone”, Building and Envionment, vol.45, pp.1287-1303
12.Mahmoud Hassan, Saeah Elmasry, 2014, “Experimental study on reduced heat gain through green facades in a high heat climate”, Energy and buildings, vol.82, pp.668-674.
13.Massimiliano Scarpa, Ugo Mazzali, Fabio Peron, 2014, “Modeling the enetgy performance of living walls:Validation against field measurements in temperate climate”, Energy and Buildings, vol.79, pp.155-163.
14.M.A. Haggag, S.K. Elmasry, A. Hassan, 2012, “Design with nature:integration green facades into sustainable buildings with reference to Abu Dhabi”, WIT Transaction on Ecology and The Environment, vol.160, pp.37-47.
15.M.A. Haggag, S.K. Elmasry, A. Hassan, 2014, “Experimental study on reduced heat gain through green facades in a high heat load climate”, Energy Build, vol.82, pp.668-674.
16.Marc Ottele, 2011, “The Builing Evelope: Vertical greening”, Dok & Gevel Groen, pp.22-27.
17.Massimiliano Scarpa, Ugo Mazzali, Fabio Peron, 2014, “Modeling the energy performance of living walls: Validation against field measurements in temperate climate”, Energy and Buildings, vol.79, pp.155-163.
18.Nynk Hien Wong, Alex Young Kwang Tan, Yu Chen, Kannagi Sekar, Puay Yok Tan, Derek Chan, Kelly Chiang, Ngian Chung Wong, 2010, “Thermal evaluation of vertical greenery systems for building walls”, Building and Environment, vol.45, pp.663-672.
19.Nynk Hien Wong, Alex Young Kwang Tan, Puay Yok Tan, Ngian Chung Wong, 2009, “Energy simulation of vertical greenery systems”, Energy and Building, vol.41, pp.1401-1408.
20.Piero Bevilacqua, Julia Coma, Gabriel Perez, Cristina Chocarro, Alejandro Juarez, Cristian Sole, Marilena De Simone, Luisa F. Cabeza, 2015, “Plant cover and floristic composition effect on thermal behavior of extensive green roofts”, Building and Environment, vol.92, pp.305-316.
21.Qingwei Xiaoli Hao, Yaolin Lin, Hang Tan, Ke Yang, 2019, “Experimental investigation on the thermal performance of a vertical greening system with green roof in wet and cold climates during winter”, Energy & Buildings, vol.183, pp.105-117.
22.Qiuyu Chen, Baofeng Li, Xiaohu Liu, 2013, “An Experinental evaluation of the living wall system in hot and humid climate”, Energy and Buildings, vol.61, pp.298-307.
23.Rabah Dledjig, Emmanuel Bozonnet, Rafik Belarbi, 2015, “Analysis of thermal effects of vefetated envelopes: ntegration of a validated model in building energy simulation program, Energy and Buildings, vol.86, pp.93-103.
24.Sasima Charoenkit, Suthat Yiemwattana, 2016, “Living walls and their contribution to improved thermal comfort and carbon emission reduction: A review”, Building and Environment, vol.105, pp.82-94.
25.Tan Chun Liang, Wong NYUK Hien, Steve Kardinal Jusuf, 2014, “Effects of vertical greenery on mean radiant temperature in the tropical urban environment”, Landscape and Urban Planning, vol.127, pp.52-64.
26.Tabassom Safikhani, Aminatuzuhariah Megate Abdullah, Dilshan Remaz Ossen, Mohammad Baharvand, 2014, “Thermal Impacts of Vertical Greenery Systems”, Environmental and Climate Technologies, vol.14, pp.5-11.
27.Ugo Mazzali, Fabio Peron, Piercarlo Romagnoni, Riccardo M. Pulselli, Simone Bastianoni, 2013, “Experimental investigation on the energy performance of Living Walls in a temperate climate”, Building and Environment, vol.64, pp.57-66.
28.Y. Stav, G. Lawson, 2012, “Vertical vegetation design decisions and their impact on energy consumption on subtropical cities”, WIT Transactions on Ecology and The Environment, vol.155, pp.489-500.
29.呂芳運,2010,台中立面綠化植物之研究,私立東海大學景觀學系研究所,碩士論文。
30.林國昌,2010,以生態城市觀點探討都市綠資源評估模式之研究—以台南市為例,國立成功大學都市計畫學系,碩士論文。

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔