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研究生:劉峻豪
研究生(外文):LIU, CHUN-HAO
論文名稱:都市公園內景觀元素對於公園舒適環境影響因子之研究
論文名稱(外文):Research on the Influencing Factors of Landscape Elements in Urban Park on Park Environmental Amenity
指導教授:宋文沛宋文沛引用關係
指導教授(外文):SUNG, WEN-PEI
口試委員:吳桂陽陳廷育黃建勳
口試委員(外文):WU, KUEI-YANGCHEN, TING-YUHUANG, CHIEN-SHIUN
口試日期:2020-07-14
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立勤益科技大學
系所名稱:景觀系
學門:建築及都市規劃學門
學類:景觀設計學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:144
中文關鍵詞:微氣候無人飛行載具計算流體力學自動連續量測法細懸浮微粒
外文關鍵詞:MicromateUnmanned Aerial Vehicles(UAV)Computational Fluid Dynamics(CFD)Automatic Sampling Method(ASM)PM2.5
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聯合國跨政府變遷氣候小組(IPCC)於2007年第四次評估報告中表示,地球暖化現象是人類所造成的,因此如何改善環境品質是人們必須努力的方向,期望達到節能、減碳、舒適及永續之生活環境。都市的快速發展,人類的生活型態產生了極大的變化,社會型態快速的轉變,為了追求更多的居住空間與經濟的快速發展,犧牲掉原有的自然生存空間,以因應都市地區的擴張,住宅、辦公大樓與工廠的興建,因此改變了原有土地的自然風貌,都市叢林的擴張,以致原有自然空間減少,改變了地球環境自然循環的功能,由於地球環境破壞日益嚴重,導致全球氣候異常問題,全球暖化、熱島現象和其他環境議題的產生。本研究選定台中市水湳經貿園區之老樹公園作為研究對象,位於水湳經貿園區之老樹公園是唯一擁有豐富地形變化及多樣鋪面之歷史性公園,探討不同環境空間之熱舒適性及戶外懸浮微粒濃度,進行夏季之現場實測,並利用自動連續量測法(Automatic Sampling Method, ASM)收集實測當日戶外空間之物理環境因子。未來以三維模型導入CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics)之數值分析,調整各分析參數並與實測數值比對,並以驗證後之參數進行後續該公園改善評估之依據,以期發揮都市公園應有之效益。
According to the fourth assessment report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) in 2007, the phenomenon of global warming is caused by human beings. Therefore, how to improve the environmental quality is the direction that people must strive to achieve energy conservation, carbon reduction, comfort and sustainable living environment. With the rapid development of the city, great changes have taken place in human life style and social style. In order to pursue more living space and rapid economic development, the original natural living space has been sacrificed in response to the expansion of the urban area and the construction of houses, office buildings and factories. Therefore, the natural features of the original land and the expansion of the urban jungle have been changed the reduction of the original natural space has changed the function of the natural cycle of the earth's environment. Due to the increasingly serious destruction of the earth's environment, it has led to abnormal global climate, global warming, heat island phenomenon and other environmental issues. In this study, The Veteran Trees Park in Shui-nan economic and Trade Park of Taichung city is selected as the research object. The Veteran Trees Park, located in Shui-nan economic and Trade Park, is the only historical park with rich terrain changes and various pavements. The thermal comfort and outdoor suspended particle concentration of different environmental spaces are discussed. The field measurements in summer are carried out, and the Automatic sampling method (ASM) was used to collect the physical environment factors of outdoor space on the day of measurement. Then, the three-dimensional model is introduced into CFD (Computational Fluid Dynamics) numerical analysis, and the analysis parameters are adjusted and compared with the measured values, and the subsequent improvement evaluation of the park is based on the verified parameters, in order to play the due benefits of the urban park.
中文摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
致謝 iv
目錄 v
圖目錄 viii
表目錄 xv
一、緒論 1
1.1 研究緣起 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究範圍 3
1.4 研究內容 4
1.5 研究流程 5
二、文獻回顧及理論探討 6
2.1 都市氣候 6
2.1.1 都市熱島效應 6
2.1.2 都市微氣候 9
2.1.3 環境因子相關性分析 10
2.2 環境建模 11
2.2.1 三維拍攝技術 11
2.2.2 圖像建模技術 12
2.3 CFD數值模擬 15
2.3.1 CFD綜合回顧 16
2.3.2 數學模型 27
三、研究方法 30
3.1 實驗地點說明 30
3.2 實驗測點設置 33
3.3 監控設備 34
3.3.1 環境測站 34
3.3.2 懸浮微粒感測器 36
3.4 環境建模 38
3.4.1 UAV環境建模 38
3.5 CFD數值模擬 40
3.5.1 模型建立 40
3.5.2 數值分析分法 41
3.5.3 模擬條件設定 43
四、環境因子實測結果 45
4.1 冬季之環境實測因子 46
4.1.1 中央氣象局–西屯測站 46
4.1.2 環境監測站 50
4.1.3 環境因子相關性分析 61
4.2 春季之環境實測因子 70
4.2.1 中央氣象局-西屯測站 70
4.2.2 環境監測站 74
4.2.3 環境因子相關性分析 85
4.3 夏季之環境實測因子 93
4.3.1 中央氣象局-西屯測站 93
4.3.2 環境監測站 97
4.3.3 環境因子相關性分析 108
五、數值模擬分析結果驗證 117
5.1 冬季之數值模擬 117
5.2 春季之數值模擬 124
5.3 夏季之數值模擬 131
六、結論 138
6.1 結論 138
6.2 研究建議 139
6.3 後續研究建議 139
七、參考文獻 140


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