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研究生:蔡昀哲
研究生(外文):Yun-JeTsai
論文名稱:考量授權與碳排放之生產決策問題
論文名稱(外文):Production Decision Considering Licensing and Carbon Emission
指導教授:張秀雲張秀雲引用關係
指導教授(外文):Shiow-Yun Chang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立成功大學
系所名稱:工業與資訊管理學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:48
中文關鍵詞:再製造技術授權碳排放上限與交易
外文關鍵詞:RemanufacturingTechnology LicensingCarbon Emission Cap and Trade
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本研究結合了碳排放上限與交易和是否授權或如何授權之考量,以數學模型推導之方式找出在不同策略下,製造商和再製造商之最佳生產決策,之後透過代入參數值進行比較,觀察製造商授權是否能為自己帶來更多利潤或是該以何種方式授權對自己最有利,並針對各項參數進行敏感度分析,發現當新產品生產成本上升時,製造商的利潤與生產量皆會下降,而再製造商皆會上升。發現當新產品之單位碳排放量上升時,製造商的利潤與生產量皆會下降,而再製造商則皆會上升,而當再製品之單位碳排放量上升時,再製造商的利潤與生產量皆會下降,而製造商則皆會上升。在製造商使用固定授權策略時,當市場碳交易價格上升,廠商偏好減少生產以販售更多的碳權來增加利潤,然而當製造商使用單位授權策略,製造商的利潤並沒有呈現上升的趨勢,由於新產品與再製品的生產量皆下降,亦會使得製造商從再製造商收取的權利金降低,平衡下來對製造商的利潤影響變得不明顯,但是再製造商的利潤仍會有上升的趨勢。
最後製造商權利金制訂的部分,發現若製造商提高固定權利金將直接影響利潤,不會影響再製造商之生產量,但存在一關鍵值,若高於關鍵值會使得再製造商不願投入再製造,而當製造商提高單位權利金時,製造商的利潤會上升,而製造商的利潤與生產量會有顯著減少,且亦存在一關鍵值,若高於關鍵值會使得製造商不願生產再製品
This paper presents four mathematical models to determine the production quantities of new and remanufactured products that maximize the total profits when considering carbon emission cap and trade and licensing. These models include sales revenues, manufacturing/remanufacturing costs, licensing revenue/cost, and revenue or cost from carbon credit trading. Finally, numerical examples are provided to explore the comparison results for the optimal manufacturing/remanufacturing decisions, total profits, and carbon emissions as well as to analyze the impact of parameters. The results indicate that the increase in the unit production cost of new/remanufactured products would reduce the manufacturer/remanufacturer profit and production quantity. However, the increase in unit carbon emissions of products produced by the manufacturer/remanufacturer in the process of manufacturing/remanufacturing would also reduce the manufacturer/remanufacturer profit and production quantity. Besides, we also found the increase in carbon trading price would not influence the manufacturer's profit obviously. It is because the manufacturer's profit would get benefit from the increase in carbon trading price and the reduction in remanufacturer's production would make the received licensing fee decrease at the same time. The increase in trading price would let remanufacturer have better profit from selling the carbon quotas to increase he's profit. Finally, the results of analyzing the licensing strategy and licensing fee also provide some suggestions to manufacturers and policy-makers.
摘要 i
誌謝 vi
目錄 vii
表目錄 ix
圖目錄 x
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 2
1.2 研究範圍限制與目的 3
1.3 研究架構與流程 3
第二章 文獻探討 5
2.1 技術授權 5
2.2 再製造系統 6
2.3 碳排放 9
2.4 小結 11
第三章 研究方法 12
3.1 問題描述 12
3.2 假設 13
3.3 符號定義 14
3.4 模式建構 15
3.5 小結 24
第四章 數值分析 25
4.1 參數設定與結果 25
4.2 敏感度分析 26
4.3 小結 43
第五章 結論與未來研究方向 45
5.1 結論 45
5.2 未來研究方向 46
參考文獻 47
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Dou, G., Guo, H., Zhang, Q., & Li, X. (2019). A two-period carbon tax regulation for manufacturing and remanufacturing production planning. Computers & Industrial Engineering, 128, 502-513.
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