跳到主要內容

臺灣博碩士論文加值系統

(44.211.31.134) 您好!臺灣時間:2024/07/22 19:33
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果 :::

詳目顯示

: 
twitterline
研究生:曾昱靜
研究生(外文):ZHENG,YU-JING
論文名稱:以和弦轉位為基礎的Voice Leading練習系統
論文名稱(外文):Voice Leading Practice System Based on Chord Inversion
指導教授:陳恆佑陳恆佑引用關係張克寧
指導教授(外文):CHEN, HERNG-YOWCHANG, KEH-NING
口試委員:陳恆佑張克寧賴靈恩
口試委員(外文):CHEN, HERNG-YOWCHANG, KEH-NINGLAI, LING-EN
口試日期:2020-07-28
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立暨南國際大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:英文
論文頁數:33
中文關鍵詞:聲部進行伴奏練習
外文關鍵詞:Voice LeadingAccompaniment practice
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:235
  • 評分評分:
  • 下載下載:30
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:1
音樂是人們表達內心情緒的一門藝術。其中,不同節奏、力度、聲音強弱的伴奏會影響整首的曲風,每位演奏家用不一樣的演繹方式詮釋出不同的風格,帶給觀眾的感受也不一樣。對於大部分的鋼琴初學者來說,在伴奏學習上常常會遭遇許多挫折,可能是因為不熟悉樂理、基礎功力不足、練習過程過於枯燥...等。想要彈奏出和諧的伴奏在學習音樂的道路上需要長時間的練習和摸索,市面上也有許多練習系統可以輔助教學,如何以簡單明瞭且有效的方式練習伴奏是很多學者研究的目標。
本研究旨於設計一套聲部進行(Voice Leading)的練習系統。系統提供使用者一些基礎樂理知識的教程和練習,在主要練習的部分設計了自選和弦模式,讓使用者可以自由搭配想練習的和弦進程,練習時,系統根據使用者每次輸入的和弦位置,透過演算法計算出下個和弦的建議位置,並經由視覺提示法的方式呈現在介面,除此之外,使用者還能開啟不同風格的節奏聲音模式來做節奏訓練,他們只需搭配MIDI鍵盤就可以在家中做自主練習,希望藉此系統讓初學者可以更多元化的練習伴奏。

Music, an art for people to express their inner emotions, consists of many elements. Among them, accompaniment with different rhythm, dynamic and loudness will affect the whole music. Each performer uses different playing skills to interpret different styles and bring different feelings to the audience. For most piano learners, they might encounter many setbacks in their studies because they are not familiar with music theory, lack of basic skills, and the practicing process is too boring. They need a long time on practicing how to play a harmonious accompaniment. There are many practicing systems on the market to assist teaching. How to practice music in a simple, clear and effective way is the goal of many researches.
This program aims to design a practicing system of Voice Leading. It provides users with some basic music theory tutorials and exercises. The optional chord function is designed in the main practice mode. Users can freely choose the chord progression they want to practice. During the practice, the system calculates the suggested positions of the next chord according to the input by the users. Then, they are presented on the interface through visual prompts. In addition, users can turn on different styles rhythm for training. They can do independent exercises at home only with the MIDI keyboard. We hope users who are the beginners can practice the accompaniment more diverse.

Table of Contents
Acknowledgements i
摘要 ii
Abstract iii
Table of Contents iv
List of Figures vi
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Motivation and Objective 1
1.2 Contribution of Research 2
1.3 Thesis Organization 2
Chapter 2 Background Knowledge and Related Works 3
2.1 Learning & Practicing Platform 3
2.1.1 Hooktheory 3
2.1.2 Synthesia 4
2.2 MIDI & MIDI Keyboard 6
2.3 Music Theory 6
2.3.1 Chord Inversion 7
2.3.2 Circle of Fifths 8
2.3.3 Chord Progression 10
2.3.4 Voice Leading 10
2.3.5 Rhythm 12
Chapter 3 System Architecture 13
3.1 System Design 14
3.1.1 Tutorial and Practice 14
3.1.2 Optional and Recommended Chord Progression 16
3.2 System Technique 18
3.2.1 Development environment 18
3.2.2 Input Detection 18
3.2.3 Generating Voice Leading Chord Suggestion Position 19
3.2.4 Rhythm Mode 25
Chapter 4 Evaluation 26
Chapter 5 Conclusion and Future Work 30
5.1 Conclusion 30
5.2 Future Work 30
References 31
一、圖書論文 31
二、網路資料 32
Appendix Questionnaire about system 33


List of Figures
Figure 1. Pop music’s sheet with lyrics 1
Figure 2. HookPad 3
Figure 3. TheoryTAB 4
Figure 4. Synthesia’s interface 5
Figure 5. MIDI Keyboard Schematic diagram 6
Figure 6. Chord Inversion 8
Figure 7. Circle of fifths 9
Figure 8. Basic rule of chord progression 10
Figure 9. First four measures of the C-major prelude from Bach's 11
Figure 10. The notes used in each measure are represented by chords 11
Figure 11. The note duration in 60 BPM 12
Figure 12. System internal function diagram 13
Figure 13. System’s flow chart 14
Figure 14. Initial menu interface 15
Figure 15. Music theory lesson menu 15
Figure 16. The interface of lesson 15
Figure 17. The interface of exercise feedback 16
Figure 18. Chord selection 16
Figure 19. Users clicked the “Descending Bass-line” button 17
Figure 20. The interface of Voice Leading practice mode 17
Figure 21. Unity's plug-in reads MIDI data 18
Figure 22. Reduced the MIDI value to an octave 19
Figure 23. The flow chart of generating the prompt positions 21
Figure 24. The seventh chord compares with triad 22
Figure 25. The prompt of suggest positions are based on users’ input 23
Figure 26. Triad compare with the seventh chord 23
Figure 27. The position of the fourth note that is not compared 24
Figure 28. Schematic diagram of rhythm design 25
Figure 29. Basic information of users 26
Figure 30. The style that users usually play 27
Figure 31. Result regarding evaluation of the tutorial 27
Figure 32. Result regarding evaluation of the interface 28
Figure 33. Result regarding evaluation of the additional functions 29
Figure 34. Result regarding evaluation of Voice Leading practicing mode 29


References
一、圖書論文
[1] H. Hamam, O. Cheikhrouhou, "Web based interactive platform for learning by hearing," in International Conference on Education and e-Learning Innovations, 2012.
[2] 馮鈺真, Effects of Visual Prompting on the Fuctional Vocabulary Learning for Children with Mental Retardation--An Action Research, [視覺提示教學法對智能障礙學童功能性詞彙學習之行動研究], 國立嘉義大學特殊教育學系研究所碩士論文, 2000.
[3] G. E. Martin, "The reality of system design today : do theory and practice meet?," in Third International Conference on Application of Concurrency to System Design, 2003.
[4] 崔可欣, The Study of Piano Practicing Instruction Strategies, [鋼琴練習方法之教學探究], 2017.
[5] Yong-Hun Cho, Hyunki Lim, Dae-Won Kim, In-Kwon Lee, "Music emotion recognition using chord progressions," in 2016 IEEE International Conference on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics (SMC), 2016.
[6] Katsuko T. Nakahira, Miki Akahane, Yukiko Fukami, "The Effectiveness of and Issues Relating to Remote Non-Face-to-Face Lessons on Singing with Simultaneous Piano Self-Accompaniment," in International Conference on Biometrics and Kansei Engineering, 2009.
[7] 余奇峯, A Chord Inversion Training Sys-tem for Pop Piano,[流行鋼琴和弦轉位訓練系統], 國立暨南大學資工系碩士論文, 2006.




二、網路資料
[Circle of Fifths]https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=EyF7EBnmdEs
[Hooktheory]https://www.hooktheory.com/
[Synthesia]https://synthesiagame.com/
[MIDI]https://zh.wikipedia.org/wiki/MIDI
[Voice leading]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Voice_leading
[API] https://docs.unity3d.com/ScriptReference/AudioSettings-dspTime.html
[MIDI Jack]https://github.com/keijiro/MidiJack

QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top