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研究生:彭昭閔
研究生(外文):PENG, JHAO-MIN
論文名稱:Pre-Cooling 對 3000 m 持續跑運動負荷心跳率與無氧負荷之效果
論文名稱(外文):Effect of Pre-Cooling on heart rate and anaerobic load of 3000 m continuous running exercise load
指導教授:張嘉澤張嘉澤引用關係
指導教授(外文):JANG, JIA-TZER
口試委員:邱炳坤王淑華
口試委員(外文):CHIU, PING-KUNWANG, SHU-HWA
口試日期:2020-05-25
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立體育大學
系所名稱:競技與教練科學研究所
學門:民生學門
學類:競技運動學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:71
中文關鍵詞:超低溫乳酸血氨長距離循環式運動無氧閾值
外文關鍵詞:CryoLactic acidBlood ammoniaLong-distance circulating exerciseAnaerobic threshold
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本研究目的為探討應用 Pre-Cooling 對 3000 m 無氧閾值持續跑產生之效果。方法:受試者為 7 名健康成人男性 (年齡: 24 ± 4.5 years、身高: 176 ± 4.8 cm、體重: 65 ± 8.7 kg,無氧閾值速度: 3.8 m/s),測試內容分為階梯式負荷與無氧閾值 3000 m 持續跑兩項,3000 m 持續跑應用 Pre-Cooling 溫度設定為 -120 °C,實驗共執行 7 天,生理參數採集心跳率、血氨與血乳酸,以相依樣本 t-test 分析檢驗個別探討不同冷卻情況下生理參數之差異,本研究統計水準定為 α = .05。結果:應用 Pre-Cooling (PC) 在 200 - 600 m 心跳率 (HR) 差異為 16 min-1,Non-Cooling (NC) 則差異 17 min-1,PC 心跳率在 3000 m 平均值為 183 ± 7 min-1,NC 則為 185 ± 9 min-1 (p > .05);最大乳酸堆積 (Lamax) 分別為 8.8 ± 2.1 mmol/l (PC) 與 8.8 ± 3.6 mmol/l (NC),血氨 (NH3) 濃度則分別為 131 ± 60.9 μmol/l (PC) 與 122 ± 45.9 μmol/l (NC),兩項平均值差異為 9 μmol/l (p > .05),Lamax 與 NH3 皆有四位受試者獲得改善;恢復期部分 Lamax 與最後血液採集時間第 15 分鐘 (E15) 乳酸 (3.8 ± 1.3 mmol/l),差異 5 ± 0.9 mmol/l (p > .05),NC 模式則差異 4.5 ± 2.5 mmol/l (p > .05),NH3 應用 PC 恢復期 E1 與 E5 平均值差異 28.9 ± 73.9 μmol/l (p > .05),NC 則差異 24.7 ± 34.5 μmol/l (p > .05)。結論:應用 PC 可改善運動過程中心率與乳酸及血氨排除速度,因此建議 PC 可應用於長距離及長時間循環式項目訓練前與比賽前,可降低運動過程中所產生的身理壓力,加速恢復期 La 與 NH3 排除。
The purpose of this study was to explore the effect of applying Pre-Cooling on 3000 m anaerobic threshold continuous running. Method: The subjects were 7 healthy adult males (Age: 24 ± 4.5 years, height: 176 ± 4.8 cm, Weight: 65 ± 8.7 kg, Anaerobic threshold speed: 3.8 m/s). The test content is divided into stepped load and anaerobic threshold 3000 m continuous running. 3000 m continuous running application Pre-Cooling temperature setting is -120 °C. This experiment lasted 7 days. Physiological parameters were collected including heart rate, blood ammonia and blood lactic acid, and the differences in physiological parameters under different cooling conditions were individually examined by dependent sample t-test analysis. The statistical level of this study was set to α = .05. Results: The difference between Pre-Cooling (PC) and 200-600 m heart rate (HR) was 16 min-1, and Non-Cooling (NC) was 17 min-1. The average PC heart rate at 3000 m is 183 ± 7 min-1, and NC is 185 ± 9 min-1 (p > .05). The maximum lactic acid accumulation (Lamax) was 8.8 ± 2.1 mmol/l (PC) and 8.8 ± 3.6 mmol/l (NC), and the blood ammonia (NH3) concentration was respectively 131 ± 60.9 μmol/l (PC) and 122 ± 45.9 μmol/l (NC). The difference between the two averages is 9 μmol/l (p > .05), four subjects improved in both Lamax and NH3. In the recovery period, the difference between Lamax and the 15th minute of the last blood collection time (E15) was lactic acid (3.8 ± 1.3 mmol/l), the difference was 5 ± 0.9 mmol/l (p > .05), and the NC mode was 4.5 ± 2.5 mmol/l (p > .05). For NH3, the difference between the average value of E1 and E5 in PC recovery period was 28.9 ± 73.9 μmol/l (p > .05), and the difference of NC was 24.7 ± 34.5 μmol/l (p > .05). Conclusion: The application of PC can reduce the heart rate of exercise and increase the elimination rate of lactic acid and blood ammonia. Therefore, it is recommended that PC can be applied to long-distance or long-term circulating exercise before training and before competition, which can reduce physical stress during exercise. Expedite the elimination of La and NH3 during the recovery period.
中文摘要-I
英文摘要-II
致謝-IV
目錄-V
中英文對照縮寫表-VII
表 目 錄-IX
圖 目 錄-X
第壹章 緒論-1
第一節 研究背景與動機-1
第二節 名詞操作性定義-3
第三節 研究目的-4
第貳章 文獻探討-5
第一節 持續跑生理負荷與能量代謝之探討-5
第二節 超低溫對人體溫度的影響-15
第三節 超低溫之相關研究與應用-19
第四節 文獻總結-25
第參章 研究方法與步驟-26
第一節 研究對象-26
第二節 實驗時間與地點-27
第三節 實驗儀器與設備-28
第四節 實驗設計-35
第五節 實驗流程-40
第六節 資料處理-41
第肆章 結果分析與討論-42
第一節 Pre-Cooling 與 Non-Cooling 對持續跑過程中心率之影響-43
第二節 Pre-Cooling 與 Non-Cooling 對持續跑負荷乳酸與血氨之影響-46
第伍章 結論與建議-54
參考文獻-55
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