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研究生:巫貴賢
研究生(外文):Wu, Guei-Shian
論文名稱:基於支援向量機的癲癇偵測之穿戴式裝置微控制器系統設計
論文名稱(外文):A Microcontroller with SVM-based seizure detection for Wearable Devices
指導教授:闕河鳴闕河鳴引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chiueh, Herming
口試委員:闕河鳴黃薇蓁梁勝富楊家驤鄭桂忠
口試委員(外文):Chiueh, Herming
口試日期:2020-07-23
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立交通大學
系所名稱:電機工程學系
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:英文
論文頁數:50
中文關鍵詞:癲癇偵測穿戴式裝置無線傳輸系統晶片支援向量機
外文關鍵詞:Epileptic Seizure DetectionWearable DevicesWireless TransmissionSVM
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癲癇是最普遍的慢性神經系統疾病之一,有反復發作的特徵。全球約有6500萬的癲癇患者。抗癲癇藥物作為醫生常使用的治療方法,卻仍然約有三分之一患者的癲癇病情無法很好地被控制。即使切除去除致癲癇區域仍然會引發癲癇發作。
本論文提出應用於癲癇發作偵測的微控制器系統開發,此系統內含有基於支援向量機的硬體加速器。為了支援大多數穿戴式裝置所使用的感測器以及保持系統彈性,此系統內含有一精簡指令集的中央控制器以及常用於嵌入式裝置的序列周邊介面(SPI)與通用非同步收發傳輸器(UART)。此外,本系統當中內整合了藍牙低功耗晶片,使得本系統得以將腦電圖或癲癇偵測等訊息傳至行動裝置。本系統支援高達八通道的類比數位轉換器輸入,並透過非線性邊界之支援向量機硬體加速器,以波士頓麻省兒童醫院臨床數據庫進行驗證,得以提供具有95.5%準確率及0.75%假情報率的腦電圖分類與癲癇偵測。醫生也得以透過此系統進行癲癇事件紀錄(Event Record)等精準治療的行為。
Epilepsy is one of the most common chronic neurological diseases and is characterized by recurrent seizures. There’re approximately 65 million people with epilepsy worldwide. Antiepileptic drug-induced encephalopathy (ADEs) are often used by doctors as a treatment, but about one-third of epilepsy patients still cannot be well controlled. Even patients who have resection surgery to remove the epileptogenic zone will still suffer seizures once in a while
This paper proposed a microcontroller for epileptic seizure detection, which contains a hardware accelerator based on support vector machines (SVM). To support the sensors used by most wearable devices and maintain the flexibility of the system, we include a reduced instruction set computer (RISC), serial peripheral interface (SPI), and universal asynchronous receiver-transmitter (UART) commonly used in embedded systems. Also, A Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) microcontroller is integrated into this design, which allows us to transmit data such as electroencephalography (EEG) or detection to mobile devices. This system supports up to eight channels of Analog-to-Digital Converter (ADC) inputs and was verified with the CHB-MIT database. SVM hardware accelerator provides 95.5% accuracy and 0.75% false alarm rate (FAR) on EEG classification and epilepsy detection. Doctors can use this system to perform precise treatments by event records.
摘要 I
Abstract II
Acknowledgments III
Contents IV
List of Tables VII
List of Figures VIII
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1 Motivation 1
1.2 Previous work 2
1.3 Machine Learning Selection 4
1.4 Goals 6
1.5 System Architecture 6
1.5.1 Seizure Detection Algorithm 8
1.6 Thesis Organization 8
Chapter 2 The Proposed System Design 9
2.1 The Proposed System Architecture 9
2.2 Proposed Solution for Processor Core 10
2.3 Proposed Data Control Unit for ADC & SVM Modules 11
2.4 Support Vector Machine in the Proposed System 13
2.5 Serial Peripheral Interface in the Proposed System 14
2.6 The Proposed Universal Asynchronous Receiver/Transmitter 14
2.7 General Purpose Input/Output in the Proposed System 15
2.8 System Integration 15
Chapter 3 System Implementation 16
3.1 Chip Implementation 16
3.1.1 Design Flow 16
3.1.2 Simulation & Analysis 18
3.1.3 Physical Verification 21
3.1.4 In/Output Descriptions 22
3.1.5 Specification of Chip 24
3.2 Bluetooth Low Energy Microcontroller 25
3.3 PCB design 28
3.4 APP design & Cloud service 30
3.5 System Integration 31
Chapter 4 System Verification 32
4.1 Functional Verification of Bootloader 32
4.2 Functional Verification of Data Control Unit 34
4.3 Functional Verification of SVM 36
4.4 Functional Verification of GPIO 37
4.5 Functional Verification of UART 39
4.6 Functional Verification of SPI 40
4.7 Functional Verification of BLE system 41
4.7.1 1-channel transmission 41
4.7.2 8-channel transmission 43
4.8 Comparison 45
Chapter 5 Conclusion and Future Work 46
Reference 48
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