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研究生:鄭祐翔
研究生(外文):Yu-Hsiang Cheng
論文名稱:車用量測設備投資評估決策之研究-以D公司為例
指導教授:陳振明陳振明引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:工業管理研究所在職專班
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:其他商業及管理學類
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:60
中文關鍵詞:三次元量測儀量測系統分析汽車產業投資決策評估
外文關鍵詞:CMMMSAautomobile industryinvestment decision evaluation
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汽車產業為技術與資本密集的產業,其產業鏈相當龐大,牽動相關產業非常廣,一部汽車由約三萬多個零件所組成,涵蓋鋼鐵、塑膠、橡膠、玻璃、機械、電機、電子、服務等不同產業,且人才專業包括研發、製造、採購、行銷、管理、保修等技能,因而匯集成完整的汽車產業,故汽車業有「火車頭工業」之稱。
製造業總是在挑戰成本、效能和品質的極限,這是三次元量測儀地位屹立不搖的原因之一。即便感測技術打進測量設備領域,三次元量測儀仍是當前最精確工具。供應商不斷地推陳出新,從基本的移動橋架式三次元量測儀創造許多變種版本,以符合各式各樣的需求,以及協助客戶降低成本。雖然自動化盛行,用於測量大型零件的高準確度機台仍不可或缺,也因此有著觸發式探測頭的笨重、手動操作三次元量測儀仍有存在的空間。即便是簡單的手動三次元量測儀仍普遍,單次量測少量零件的小型工作室特別偏好這種量測設備。
本研究方法以D公司,為了打入車用市場,礙於客戶之要求與量測設備之能力不足的現況下,透過量測系統分析,來比較量測設備的優劣,更進一步以投資評估決策的方式來加以衡量,達到最佳化的選擇。
Automobile industry for technology and capital intensive industry, the industry chain is quite large, affects related industry is very wide, a car is made up of about thirty thousand parts, steel, plastic, rubber, glass, mechanical, electrical, electronic, services and other industries, and professional talents including r&d, manufacturing, purchasing, marketing, management, maintenance and other skills, and assemble a complete car industry, so the car industry is called "the locomotive industry".
Manufacturing has always challenged the limits of cost, efficiency and quality, which is one reason the CMM's position is so entrenched. The CMM is currently the most accurate tool available, even as sensing technology enters the measuring equipment arena. Vendors are constantly innovating, creating many variants from the basic mobile bridging CMM to meet a wide variety of needs and assist customers in reducing costs. Despite the prevalence of automation, highly accurate machines for measuring large parts are still indispensable, so there is still room for bulky, manually operated CMM with triggering detection heads. Even simple manual CMM is still common, and small studios that measure a small number of parts at a time are particularly interested in this measurement device.
In this study, in order to enter the automotive market, D company, hindered by the requirements of customers and the insufficient capacity of measurement equipment, compared the advantages and disadvantages of measurement equipment through measurement system analysis (MSA), and further measured by investment evaluation decision to achieve the optimal choice.
摘要 i
Abstract ii
誌謝 iii
目錄 iv
圖目錄 vii
表目錄 viii
第一章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景與動機 1
1.2 研究目的 2
1.3 研究限制、對象與範圍 3
1.4 研究架構 4
第二章 文獻探討 5
2.1 量測系統 5
2.1.1 量測系統定義概述 5
2.1.2 量測系統相關文獻探討 6
2.1.3 傳統 GR&R法 17
2.1.4 長表格法 20
2.1.5 量測能力評估指標 22
2.2 投資決策評估 27
2.2.1 投資決策評估概述 27
2.2.2 投資決策評估相關文獻探討 27
第三章 研究方法 29
3.1 研究流程 29
3.2 研究步驟 30
3.2.1 步驟一:確立現況問題 30
3.2.2 步驟二:量測系統分析實施步驟 30
3.2.3 步驟三:長表格法之應用 30
3.2.4 步驟四:GR&R判定允收之準則 33
3.2.5 步驟五:不同量具 MSA比較 34
3.2.6 步驟六:投資決策評估 34
第四章 個案研究與分析 35
4.1 個案研究背景 35
4.2 建立量測系統分析 35
4.2.1 現有設備 2.5D 量測系統分析--長表格法 35
4.2.2 評估之設備3D CMM 量測系統分析--長表格法 36
4.3 研究結果分析 37
4.3.1 MSA 結果分析 37
4.3.2 量測設備 3D CMM 基本介紹 38
4.3.3 2.5D與 3D CMM量測設備分析比較 38
4.3.4 3D CMM導入效益 39
4.3.5 3D CMM不同廠牌比較 41
第五章 結論與建議 42
5.1 結論 42
5.2 後續研究建議 42
參考文獻 43
中文參考文獻
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11. 謝新言,「利用 MSA分析晶圓半導體代工廠的量測系統-以 P公司為例」,中原大學工業與系統工程研究所,碩士論文, 2009。
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