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研究生:賴培築
研究生(外文):Pei-Zhu Lai
論文名稱:nono
論文名稱(外文):Jet performance at the Circular electron-positron Collider
指導教授:郭家銘郭家銘引用關係
指導教授(外文):Chia-Ming Kuo
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:物理學系
學門:自然科學學門
學類:物理學類
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:英文
論文頁數:237
中文關鍵詞:環形正負電子對撞機噴流重建
外文關鍵詞:CEPCJet performance
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  • 被引用被引用:0
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本篇論文旨在量化在未來環形正負電子對撞機(CEPC)上噴流重建表現,一致且高精準度的噴流重建表現將可以在多重噴流末態事例裡,為物理特性的測量提供一個穩固的支撐。噴流事例的重建倚賴於噴流簇團演算法;我們在兩噴流事例,在使用thrust-based演算法後觀察到相較於ee-kt演算法有20%的噴流能量、角度解析度的提升。經過完整的模擬,環形正負電子對撞機上的的微分噴流能量與角度解析度已從91.18和240億電子伏特(GeV)正負電子對撞能量下的所有基準二、四噴流事例中汲取出來。通常來說,相對能量/角度解析度在桶部 (barrel) (|cos
We present the jet reconstruction performances at the Circular Electron Positron Collider (CEPC) in this thesis. Consistency of high precision jet responses will provide a concrete support for the physical measurements in multi-jet final- states. The jet responses depend on the jet clustering algorithm, we observed an improvement of 20% of jet energy and angular resolutions with respect to baseline jet clustering algorithm, ee-kt, by using the thrust based algorithm on 2-jet event. The differential jet energy and angular resolutions of the CEPC base- line detector are extracted from benchmark 2/4-jet processes at 91.18 and 240 GeV using fully simulated data. Typically, relative energy/angular resolutions at the barrel region (|cosθ| < 0.7) are 3-5.5%/1-2%, the geometry dependences of both jet reconstructed energy/angular scale are controlled within ±1%, for both 2- and 4-jet events. If compared to the experiments at the LHC, the CPEC base- line detector would have up to 5 times better jet reconstruction resolution in the 10 < Ej < 30 GeV. Base on differential jet angluar, energy, and flavor to apply jet differential energy correction, the uncertainty of the massive boson masses could be calibrated down to 10 MeV precision level.
1 Introduction
1 1.1 FutureColliders............................. 1
1.1.1 The Production of the Higgs Boson and its Decays . . . . . 4
1.2 Overviews of the Physics Case for CEPC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
1.3 Jet Reconstruction Performance.................... 21
1.4 W-boson Mass Measurement ..................... 23
2 Experimental Apparatus 31
2.1 The Baseline Conceptual Detector................... 31
2.2 Event Simulation ............................ 46
2.3 Event Reconstruction.......................... 48
2.3.1 Tracking Performance ..................... 48
2.3.2 Particle-FlowAlgorithm, Arbor................ 51
2.3.3 Jet Clustering Algorithm.................... 55
2.4 Object Reconstruction ......................... 58
2.4.1 Leptons ............................. 58
2.4.2 Photons ............................. 62
2.4.3 Tau Leptons........................... 64
2.4.4 Jet Flavor Tagging ....................... 64
2.4.5 Missing Energy, Momenta, andMass . . . . . . . . . . . . 67
2.4.6 Charged Kaon Identification ................. 67
3 Methodology of Measurement of the Jet Energy/Angular Resolution and Scale
4 Results 75
4.1 Baseline Differential Jet Energy/Angular Resolution and Scale . . 75 4.1.1 Differential Jet Energy Resolution and Scale . . . . . . . . 75
4.1.2 Differential Jet Angular Resolution and Scale . . . . . . . . 80
4.2 Thrust Differential Jet Energy/Angular Resolution and Scale . . . 82 4.2.1 Differential Jet Energy Resolution and Scale . . . . . . . . 82
4.2.2 Differential Jet Angular Resolution and Scale . . . . . . . . 84
4.3 BosonMassResolutionandScale................... 85
4.3.1 BosonMassResolution .................... 85
4.3.2 W-bosonMassMeasurement ................. 88
4.4 Diboson Full Hadronic Final State Separation . . . . . . . . . . . . 95
5 Conclusion 101
A Collecting Efficiency 103
A.1 EffectiveCrossSection ......................... 104
A.2 Each Visible Particle Angular Distributions . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107
A.3 Particle Collecting Efficiency...................... 110
A.4 Energy Collecting Efficiency...................... 111
A.5 Significance of BenchmarkZ(→νν)H ................ 112
B Kinematic Distribution 115
B.1 TwoJetsEvents ............................ 119
B.2 FourJetsEvents ............................ 135
C Cleaned Selection 147
D Additional materials for the matching study 155
D.1 Two Jets Events ............................. 156
D.2 Four Jets Events............................. 162
E Additional Materials for the JER/JAR/JES/JAS 181
E.1 JAR/S,ee-kt............................... 182
E.2 JAR/S,Thrust .............................. 188
E.3 JER/S,ee-kt ............................... 194
E.4 JER/S,Thrust .............................. 197
F B-jet Energy Regression 201
F.1 Training Variable of Leading Jet.................... 202
F.2 Training Variable of Sub-leading Jet ................. 204
F.3 Validation ................................ 206
Bibliography ........................... 209
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