(3.92.96.236) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/07 01:19
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:林芊
研究生(外文):Chien Lin
論文名稱(外文):Finding the most massive distant galaxies by using the Hyper Suprime-Cam data
指導教授:黃崇源
指導教授(外文):Chorng-Yuan Hwang
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:天文研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:天文及太空科學學類
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:英文
論文頁數:57
中文關鍵詞:大質量星系星系演化高紅移
外文關鍵詞:massive galaxygalaxy evolutionhigh redshift
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:18
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
高紅移大質量星系的形成機制至今仍無定論。在星系形成的層級理論(hierarchical theory) 中,大質量星系的形成是由長時間的質量累積所成,因此其生成的時間通常會被認為是在星系演化的晚期。然而近年的觀測研究發現,有一些大質量星系在宇宙早期已經形成,這樣的結果違反了層級理論的假設。本研究的目的在於尋找更多高紅移的大質量星系來檢視各種星系形成的理論的可能性。我們使用了HSC 的觀測資料來計算其觀測範圍內星系的質量。我們利用光譜能量分布擬合(SED fitting) 將樣本分類為不同類型的星系,並校正了紅移的影響(K-correction),再使用質量-光度關係式來估計星系的恆星質量。這項研究的結果中,我們找到了一批可能的大質量星系,這些星系分布在紅移2.3 < z < 2.8 處,擁有質量M > 10^13 M⊙,且主要是由氣體含量較少的星系所組成。這個結果支持了認為一些特大質量星系是在宇宙早期形成的downsizing 理論。
The formation of the massive galaxies at high redshift is still unclear. In the hierarchical formation paradigm, massive galaxies should appear at late epochs of galaxy evolution due to long-time accretion of mass. However, recent observations have found massive galaxies at high redshifts, which seem to be unusual for the common hypothesis. In this work, we tried to find the most massive galaxies at high redshifts. We used the photometric data of Hyper-Surprime Cam (HSC) to derive the stellar masses of galaxies in HSC-SSP pdr1 Deep survey. We classified our sample into different galaxy types and performed the K-correction by SED fitting, and used mass-luminosity relations to estimate the stellar mass of galaxies. In the results, we selected candidates for massive galaxies with M > 10^13 M⊙. These massive candidates are dominated by gas-poor dry galaxies in the redshift range of 2.3 < z < 2.8. The results support a downsizing scenario, which suggests that some of the most massive galaxies formed at the early universe.
摘要vii
Abstract ix
誌謝xi
Contents xiii
1 Introduction 1
2 Sample Selection 5
2.1 Hyper Suprime-Cam and Subaru Strategic Program 5
2.2 HSC software pipeline - CModel, extendedness, photo-z 6
2.3 Criteria 7
3 Methodology 9
3.1 SED fitting 9
3.2 K-correction 12
3.3 Mass estimation 12
4 Results 13
4.1 Results of SED fitting procedure 13
4.2 Results of stellar mass measurements 14
4.3 Comparison of the high-z group galaxies to the MAGPHYS code 18
5 Discussion 25
5.1 Photometric redshift errors: HSC ML training bias 25
5.2 Fitting errors 26
5.3 Comparison with the mass of M87, MAGPHYS, and previous works 28
6 Summary and conclusions 33
Bibliography 35
[1] C. M. Baugh, S. Cole, and C. S. Frenk, “Evolution of the hubble sequence in hierarchical models for galaxy formation,” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 283, no. 4, pp. 1361–1378, 1996.
[2] S. M. Moran, R. S. Ellis, T. Treu, G. P. Smith, R. M. Rich, and I. Smail, “A wide‐field survey of two z ~ 0.5 galaxy clusters: Identifying the physical processes responsible for the observed transformation of spirals into s0s,” The Astrophysical Journal, vol. 671, no. 2,
pp. 1503–1522, 2007.
[3] G. De Lucia, V. Springel, S. D. M. White, D. Croton, and G. Kauffmann, “The formation history of elliptical galaxies,” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 366, no. 2, pp. 499–509, 2006.
[4] E. F. Bell, T. Naab, D. H. McIntosh, R. S. Somerville, J. A. R. Caldwell, M. Barden, C. Wolf, H. Rix, S. V. Beckwith, A. Borch, B. Haussler, C. Heymans, K. Jahnke, S. Jogee, S. Koposov, K. Meisenheimer, C. Y. Peng, S. F. Sanchez, and L. Wisotzki, “Dry mergers in gems: The dynamical evolution of massive early‐type galaxies,” The Astrophysical Journal,
vol. 640, no. 1, pp. 241–251, 2006.
[5] H. C. Ferguson, M. D. and, and R. Williams, “The hubble deep fields,” Annual Review of Astronomy and Astrophysics, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 667–715, 2000.
[6] B. Mobasher, M. Dickinson, H. C. Ferguson, M. Giavalisco, T. Wiklind, D. Stark, R. S. Ellis, S. M. Fall, N. A. Grogin, L. A. Moustakas, N. Panagia, M. Sosey, M. Stiavelli, E. Bergeron, S. Casertano, P. Ingraham, A. Koekemoer, I. Labbe, M. Livio, B. Rodgers, C. Scarlata, J. Vernet, A. Renzini, P. Rosati, H. Kuntschner, M. Kummel, J. R. Walsh, R.
Chary, P. Eisenhardt, N. Pirzkal, and D. Stern, “Evidence for a massive poststarburst galaxy atz 6.5,” The Astrophysical Journal, vol. 635, no. 2, pp. 832–844, 2005.
[7] H. Yan, M. Dickinson, D. Stern, P. R. M. Eisenhardt, R. Chary, M. Giavalisco, H. C. Ferguson, S. Casertano, C. J. Conselice, C. Papovich, W. T. Reach, N. Grogin, L. A. Moustakas, and M. Ouchi, “Rest‐frame ultraviolet‐to‐optical properties of galaxies at z ~ 6 and z ~ 5 in the hubble ultra deep field: Fromhubbletospitzer,” The Astrophysical Journal,
vol. 634, no. 1, pp. 109–127, 2005.
[8] H. Yan, M. Dickinson, M. Giavalisco, D. Stern, P. R. M. Eisenhardt, and H. C. Ferguson, “The stellar masses and star formation histories of galaxies atz 6: Constraints fromspitzerobservations in the great observatories origins deep survey,” The Astrophysical Journal, vol. 651, no. 1, pp. 24–40, 2006.
[9] T. Wiklind, M. Dickinson, H. C. Ferguson, M. Giavalisco, B. Mobasher, N. A. Grogin, and N. Panagia, “A population of massive and evolved galaxies atz 5,” The Astrophysical Journal, vol. 676, no. 2, pp. 781–806, 2008.
[10] K. Glazebrook, R. Abraham, I. Hook, I. Jorgensen, K. Roth, D. Crampton, H. Chen, R. Carlberg, R. Murowinski, and S. Savaglio, “The gemini deep deep survey: Iii. the evolution of galaxy stellar masses,” Nature, vol. 430, no. astro-ph/0401037, pp. 181–184, 2004.
[11] L. L. Cowie, A. Songaila, E. M. Hu, and J. G. Cohen, “New insight on galaxy formation and evolution from keck spectroscopy of the hawaii deep fields,” The Astronomical Journal, vol. 112, p. 839, 1996.
[12] K. Bundy, R. S. Ellis, C. J. Conselice, J. E. Taylor, M. C. Cooper, C. N. A. Willmer, B. J. Weiner, A. L. Coil, K. G. Noeske, and P. R. M. Eisenhardt, “The mass assembly history of field galaxies: Detection of an evolving mass limit for star‐forming galaxies,” The Astrophysical Journal, vol. 651, no. 1, pp. 120–141, 2006.
[13] A. Cimatti, E. Daddi, and A. Renzini, “Mass downsizing and “top-down”assembly of early-type galaxies,” AA, vol. 453, no. 2, pp. L29–L33, 2006.
[14] S. Tamburri, P. Saracco, M. Longhetti, A. Gargiulo, I. Lonoce, and F. Ciocca, “The population of early-type galaxies: How it evolves with time and how it differs from passive and late-type galaxies,” Astronomy Astrophysics, vol. 570, A102, 2014.
[15] B. Darvish, C. Martin, T. S. Gonçalves, B. Mobasher, N. Z. Scoville, and D. Sobral, “Quenching or bursting: The role of stellar mass, environment, and specific star formation rate to z ∼ 1,” The Astrophysical Journal, vol. 853, no. 2, p. 155, 2018.
[16] E. Neistein, F. C. Van Den Bosch, and A. Dekel, “Natural downsizing in hierarchical galaxy formation,” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 372, no. 2, pp. 933–948, 2006.
[17] M. Dickinson, C. Papovich, H. C. Ferguson, and T. Budavari, “The evolution of the global stellar mass density at 0 < z < 3,” The Astrophysical Journal, vol. 587, no. 1, pp. 25–40, 2003.
[18] N. Drory, R. Bender, G. Feulner, U. Hopp, C. Maraston, J. Snigula, and G. J. Hill, “The munich near‐infrared cluster survey (munics). vi. the stellar masses ofk‐band–selected field galaxies toz 1.2,” The Astrophysical Journal, vol. 608, no. 2, pp. 742–751, 2004.
[19] C. J. Conselice, J. A. Blackburne, and C. Papovich, “The luminosity, stellar mass, and number density evolution of field galaxies of known morphology fromz= 0.5 to 3,” The Astrophysical Journal, vol. 620, no. 2, pp. 564–583, 2005.
[20] C. Papovich, M. Dickinson, M. Giavalisco, C. J. Conselice, and H. C. Ferguson, “The assembly of diversity in the morphologies and stellar populations of high‐redshift galaxies,” The Astrophysical Journal, vol. 631, no. 1, pp. 101–120, 2005.
[21] K. W. Hodapp, N. Kaiser, H. Aussel, W. Burgett, K. C. Chambers, M. Chun, T. Dombeck, A. Douglas, D. Hafner, J. Heasley, J. Hoblitt, C. Hude, S. Isani, R. Jedicke, D. Jewitt, U. Laux, G. A. Luppino, R. Lupton, M. Maberry, E. Magnier, E. Mannery, D. Monet, J. Morgan, P. Onaka, P. Price, A. Ryan, W. Siegmund, I. Szapudi, J. Tonry, R. Wainscoat, and M. Waterson, “Design of the pan-starrs telescopes,” Astronomische Nachrichten, vol. 325, no. 6-8, pp. 636–642, 2004.
[22] T. Abbott, F. B. Abdalla, J. Aleksić, S. Allam, A. Amara, D. Bacon, E. Balbinot, M. Banerji, K. Bechtol, and A. Benoit-Lévy, “The dark energy survey: More than dark energy– an overview,” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 460, no. 2, pp. 1270– 1299, 2016.
[23] Ž. Ivezić, S. M. Kahn, J. A. Tyson, B. Abel, E. Acosta, R. Allsman, D. Alonso, Y. Al- Sayyad, S. F. Anderson, J. Andrew, J. R. P. Angel, G. Z. Angeli, R. Ansari, P. Antilogus, C. Araujo, R. Armstrong, K. T. Arndt, P. Astier, É. Aubourg, N. Auza, T. S. Axelrod, D. J. Bard, J. D. Barr, A. Barrau, J. G. Bartlett, A. E. Bauer, B. J. Bauman, S. Baumont,
E. Bechtol, K. Bechtol, A. C. Becker, J. Becla, C. Beldica, S. Bellavia, F. B. Bianco, R. Biswas, G. Blanc, J. Blazek, R. D. Blandford, J. S. Bloom, J. Bogart, T. W. Bond, M. T. Booth, A. W. Borgland, K. Borne, J. F. Bosch, D. Boutigny, C. A. Brackett, A. Bradshaw, W. N. Brandt, M. E. Brown, J. S. Bullock, P. Burchat, D. L. Burke, G. Cagnoli, D. Calabrese, S. Callahan, A. L. Callen, J. L. Carlin, E. L. Carlson, S. Chandrasekharan, G. Charles-Emerson, S. Chesley, E. C. Cheu, H.-F. Chiang, J. Chiang, C. Chirino, D. Chow, D. R. Ciardi, C. F. Claver, J. Cohen-Tanugi, J. J. Cockrum, R. Coles, A. J. Connolly, K. H. Cook, A. Cooray, K. R. Covey, C. Cribbs, W. Cui, R. Cutri, P. N. Daly, S. F. Daniel, F. Daruich, G. Daubard, G. Daues, W. Dawson, F. Delgado, A. Dellapenna, R. d. Peyster, M. d. Val-Borro, S. W. Digel, P. Doherty, R. Dubois, G. P. Dubois-Felsmann, J. Durech, F. Economou, T. Eifler, M. Eracleous, B. L. Emmons, A. F. Neto, et al., “Lsst: From science drivers to reference design and anticipated data products,” The Astrophysical Journal, vol. 873, no. 2, p. 111, 2019.
[24] Y.-F. Lin, P.-C. Yu, J.-C. Huang, C.-Y. Hwang, W.-P. Chen, N. Kaiser, N. Metcalfe, and C. Waters, “Investigating merging galaxies by using pan-starrs images,” Astronomy Astrophysics, vol. 600, A28, 2017.
[25] H. Aihara, R. Armstrong, S. Bickerton, J. Bosch, J. Coupon, H. Furusawa, Y. Hayashi, H. Ikeda, Y. Kamata, H. Karoji, S. Kawanomoto, M. Koike, Y. Komiyama, D. Lang, R. H. Lupton, S. Mineo, H. Miyatake, S. Miyazaki, T. Morokuma, Y. Obuchi, Y. Oishi, Y. Okura, P. A. Price, T. Takata, M. M. Tanaka, M. Tanaka, Y. Tanaka, T. Uchida, F. Uraguchi, Y. Utsumi, S.-Y. Wang, Y. Yamada, H. Yamanoi, N. Yasuda, N. Arimoto, M. Chiba, F. Finet, H. Fujimori, S. Fujimoto, J. Furusawa, T. Goto, A. Goulding, J. E. Gunn, Y. Harikane, T. Hattori, M. Hayashi, K. G. Hełminiak, R. Higuchi, C. Hikage, P. T. P. Ho, B.-C. Hsieh, K. Huang, S. Huang, M. Imanishi, I. Iwata, A. T. Jaelani, H.-Y. Jian, N. Kashikawa, N. Katayama, T. Kojima, A. Konno, S. Koshida, H. Kusakabe, A. Leauthaud, C.-H. Lee, L. Lin, Y.-T. Lin, R. Mandelbaum, Y. Matsuoka, E. Medezinski, S. Miyama, R. Momose, A. More, S. More, S. Mukae, R. Murata, H. Murayama, T. Nagao, F. Nakata, M. Niida, H. Niikura, A. J. Nishizawa, M. Oguri, N. Okabe, Y. Ono, M. Onodera, M. Onoue, M. Ouchi, T.-S. Pyo, T. Shibuya, K. Shimasaku, M. Simet, J. Speagle, D. N.
Spergel, M. A. Strauss, Y. Sugahara, N. Sugiyama, Y. Suto, N. Suzuki, P. J. Tait, et al., “First data release of the hyper suprime-cam subaru strategic program,” Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, 2017.
[26] J. Bosch, R. Armstrong, S. Bickerton, H. Furusawa, H. Ikeda, M. Koike, R. Lupton, S. Mineo, P. Price, T. Takata, M. Tanaka, N. Yasuda, Y. Alsayyad, A. C. Becker, W. Coulton, J. Coupon, J. Garmilla, S. Huang, K. S. Krughoff, D. Lang, A. Leauthaud, K.-T. Lim, N. B. Lust, L. A. Macarthur, R. Mandelbaum, H. Miyatake, S. Miyazaki, R. Murata, S. More, Y. Okura, R. Owen, J. D. Swinbank, M. A. Strauss, Y. Yamada, and H. Yamanoi, “The hyper suprime-cam software pipeline,” Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, vol. 70, no. SP1, 2018.
[27] M. Tanaka, J. Coupon, B.-C. Hsieh, S. Mineo, A. J. Nishizawa, J. Speagle, H. Furusawa, S. Miyazaki, and H. Murayama, “Photometric redshifts for hyper suprime-cam subaru strategic program data release 1,” Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, 2017.
[28] S. Miyazaki, Y. Komiyama, S. Kawanomoto, Y. Doi, H. Furusawa, T. Hamana, Y. Hayashi, H. Ikeda, Y. Kamata, H. Karoji, M. Koike, T. Kurakami, S. Miyama, T. Morokuma, F. Nakata, K. Namikawa, H. Nakaya, K. Nariai, Y. Obuchi, Y. Oishi, N. Okada, Y. Okura, P. Tait, T. Takata, Y. Tanaka, M. Tanaka, T. Terai, D. Tomono, F. Uraguchi, T. Usuda, Y. Utsumi, Y. Yamada, H. Yamanoi, H. Aihara, H. Fujimori, S. Mineo, H. Miyatake, M. Oguri, T. Uchida, M. M. Tanaka, N. Yasuda, M. Takada, H. Murayama, A. J. Nishizawa, N. Sugiyama, M. Chiba, T. Futamase, S.-Y. Wang, H.-Y. Chen, P. T. P. Ho, E. J. Y. Liaw, C.-F. Chiu, C.-L. Ho, T.-C. Lai, Y.-C. Lee, D.-Z. Jeng, S. Iwamura, R. Armstrong, S. Bickerton, J. Bosch, J. E. Gunn, R. H. Lupton, C. Loomis, P. Price, S. Smith, M. A. Strauss, E. L. Turner, H. Suzuki, Y. Miyazaki, M. Muramatsu, K. Yamamoto, M. Endo, Y. Ezaki, N. Ito, N. Kawaguchi, S. Sofuku, T. Taniike, K. Akutsu, N. Dojo, K. Kasumi, T. Matsuda, K. Imoto, Y. Miwa, M. Suzuki, K. Takeshi, and H. Yokota, “Hyper suprimecam: System design and verification of image quality,” Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, vol. 70, no. SP1, 2017.
[29] K. Abazajian, J. K. Adelman-McCarthy, M. A. Agüeros, S. S. Allam, K. S. J. Anderson, S. F. Anderson, J. Annis, N. A. Bahcall, I. K. Baldry, S. Bastian, A. Berlind, M. Bernardi, M. R. Blanton, J. J. J. Bochanski, W. N. Boroski, J. W. Briggs, J. Brinkmann, R. J. Brunner, T. Budavári, L. N. Carey, S. Carliles, F. J. Castander, A. J. Connolly, I. Csabai, M. Doi, F. Dong, D. J. Eisenstein, M. L. Evans, X. Fan, D. P. Finkbeiner, S. D. Friedman, J. A. Frieman, M. Fukugita, R. R. Gal, B. Gillespie, K. Glazebrook, J. Gray, E. K. Grebel, J. E. Gunn, V. K. Gurbani, P. B. Hall, M. Hamabe, F. H. Harris, H. C. Harris, M. Harvanek, T. M. Heckman, J. S. Hendry, G. S. Hennessy, R. B. Hindsley, C. J. Hogan, D. W. Hogg, D. J. Holmgren, S.-i. Ichikawa, T. Ichikawa, Ž. Ivezić, S. Jester, D. E. Johnston, A. M. Jorgensen, S. M. Kent, S. J. Kleinman, G. R. Knapp, A. Y. Kniazev, R. G. Kron, J. Krzesinski, P. Z. Kunszt, N. Kuropatkin, D. Q. Lamb, H. Lampeitl, B. C. Lee, R. F. Leger, N. Li, H. Lin, Y.-S. Loh, D. C. Long, J. Loveday, R. H. Lupton, T. Malik, B. Margon, T. Matsubara, P. M. McGehee, T. A. McKay, A. Meiksin, J. A. Munn, R. Nakajima, T. Nash, J. E. H. Neilsen, H. J. Newberg, P. R. Newman, R. C. Nichol, T. Nicinski, M. Nieto-Santisteban, A. Nitta, S. Okamura, W. O’Mullane, J. P. Ostriker, R. Owen, N. Padmanabhan, J. Peoples, J. R. Pier, A. C. Pope, et al., “The second data release of the sloan digital sky survey,” The Astronomical Journal, vol. 128, no. 1, pp. 502– 512, 2004.
[30] B. C. Hsieh and H. K. C. Yee, “Estimating luminosities and stellar masses of galaxies photometrically without determining redshifts,” The Astrophysical Journal, vol. 792, no. 2, p. 102, 2014.
[31] M. Tanaka, “Photometric redshift with bayesian priors on physical properties of galaxies,” The Astrophysical Journal, vol. 801, no. 1, p. 20, 2015.
[32] M. Polletta, M. Tajer, L. Maraschi, G. Trinchieri, C. J. Lonsdale, L. Chiappetti, S. Andreon, M. Pierre, O. Le Fevre, G. Zamorani, D. Maccagni, O. Garcet, J. Surdej, A. Franceschini, D. Alloin, D. L. Shupe, J. A. Surace, F. Fang, M. Rowan‐Robinson, H. E. Smith, and L. Tresse, “Spectral energy distributions of hard x‐ray selected active galactic nuclei in thexmm‐newtonmedium deep survey,” The Astrophysical Journal, vol. 663, no. 1, pp. 81–102, 2007.
[33] S. Kawanomoto, F. Uraguchi, Y. Komiyama, S. Miyazaki, H. Furusawa, F. Finet, T. Hattori, S.-Y. Wang, N. Yasuda, and N. Suzuki, “Hyper suprime-cam: Filters,” Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan, vol. 70, no. 4, 2018.
[34] A. J. Battisti, E. Da Cunha, K. Grasha, M. Salvato, E. Daddi, L. Davies, S. Jin, D. Liu, E. Schinnerer, and M. Vaccari, “Magphys+photo-z: Constraining the physical properties of galaxies with unknown redshifts,” The Astrophysical Journal, vol. 882, no. 1, p. 61, 2019.
[35] D. Merritt and B. Tremblay, “The distribution of dark matter in the halo of m87,” The Astronomical Journal, vol. 106, pp. 2229–2242, 1993, issn: 0004-6256.
[36] M. J. I. Brown, J. Moustakas, J. D. T. Smith, E. da Cunha, T. H. Jarrett, M. Imanishi, L. Armus, B. R. Brandl, and J. E. G. Peek, “An atlas of galaxy spectral energy distributions from the ultraviolet to the mid-infrared,” The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series, vol. 212, no. 2, p. 18, 2014.
[37] X.-Q. Wen, H. Wu, Y.-N. Zhu, M. I. Lam, C.-J. Wu, J. Wicker, and Y.-H. Zhao, “The stellar masses of galaxies from the 3.4 μ m band of the wise all-sky survey,” Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, vol. 433, no. 4, pp. 2946–2957, 2013.
[38] E. R. Carrasco, P. L. Gomez, T. Verdugo, H. Lee, R. Diaz, M. Bergmann, J. E. H. Turner, B. W. Miller, and M. J. West, “Strong gravitational lensing by the super-massive cd galaxy in abell 3827,” The Astrophysical Journal, vol. 715, no. 2, pp. L160–L164, 2010.
電子全文 電子全文(網際網路公開日期:20250801)
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
無相關期刊
 
無相關點閱論文
 
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔