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研究生:張齡尹
研究生(外文):Ling-Yin Chang
論文名稱:考量企業社會責任下的外人直接投資與地主國最適汙染稅
指導教授:邱俊榮邱俊榮引用關係
指導教授(外文):Jiunn-Rong Chiou
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:經濟學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:43
中文關鍵詞:企業社會責任外人直接投資污染稅
外文關鍵詞:corporate social responsibilityforeign direct investmentpollution tax
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本研究探討廠商考量企業社會責任後,在獨占市場和外國廠商來本國直接投資兩種環境下,將會如何影響本國政府制訂最適污染稅。當市場由本國廠商獨占時,本國廠商越重視企業社會責任,本國政府制訂的污染稅越低。但開放外國廠商來本國直接投資的環境下,本國廠商越重視企業社會責任,本國政府將課徵越高的污染稅。
當本國政府面對本國及外國廠商不同的企業社會責任重視程度,將會影響其污染稅決策。結果顯示只要市場規模夠大,本國政府便會開放外國廠商來本國設廠投資,且課徵的污染稅為外人直接投資下的最適污染稅;市場規模不大的情況下,本國與外國廠商重視企業社會責任程度的不同將會造成多種結果,例如當本國廠商越重視企業社會責任,本國政府就會傾向開放外國廠商前來本國直接投資,但當外國廠商越重視企業社會責任,其自身能夠承受的污染稅降低,本國政府只好制訂禁止性污染稅。唯有當本國廠商不重視企業社會責任、而外國廠商較重視企業社會責任,也就是兩者程度差異很大的時候,本國政府才能設定一污染稅使本國廠商獨占。
This study discusses about how the firms who take corporate social responsibility into account can affect government’s optimal decision of pollution tax. There will be two environments to be analyzed, namely in the monopoly and foreign direct investment. In monopoly market, the more CSR the domestic firm is aware of, the lower the optimal pollution tax is. However, when foreign firm is allowed to invest directly in domestic country, the result is opposite.
Our results show that if the market scale is large enough, the government tends to open the market, and agrees foreign firm to do FDI; but if the market scale is not large, then the firm of different level concern of CSR will lead to different results. For instance, when domestic firm starts to emphasize more on CSR, the local government tends to open the market for FDI. Nevertheless, the foreign firm cannot afford the pollution tax when it gets too high. Thus, the government will have no choice but to set the prohibition tax, then the domestic firm monopolize the market. Only when the domestic firm shows less concern about CSR, with the foreign firm highly concerning CSR, and the difference between their awareness is big enough, then the government can set a pollution tax which makes domestic firm monopolize the market.
摘要 i
Abstract ii
誌謝 iii
第1章 緒論 1
1.1 研究動機 1
1.2 研究方法 2
1.3 本文架構 3
第2章 文獻回顧 4
2.1 外人直接投資與環境污染相關文獻 4
2.2 加入「企業社會責任」概念之相關文獻 5
第3章 基本模型 8
3.1 本國廠商獨占市場 8
3.2 外國廠商至本國FDI 14
第4章 比較分析 20
第5章 結論 33
參考文獻 34
陳良志 (2010),兩岸直銷業實行企業社會責任之比較 — 以安利中國為例,國 立政治大學商學院經營管理碩士學程企管組商學碩士學位論文。
謝泊泓 (2018),環境企業社會責任與最適出口政策,國立中央大學經濟學系碩 士學位論文。
Bárcena-Ruiz, J. C. and M. B. Garzón (2017) “Environmental Policy, North-South Trade and FDI” Journal of Industry, Competition and Trade, 17, 371-386.
Baron, D. P. (2001),“Private Politics, Corporate Social Responsibility, and Integrated Strategy,” Journal of Economics and Management Strategy, 10(1),7-45.
Borensztein, E., J-W. Lee, and J. De Gregorio (1998), “How does Foreign Direct Investment Affect Economic Growth?” NBER Working Paper No.5057.
Conrad, K. (2005) “Price Competition and Product Differentiation when Consumers Care for the Environment,” Environmental and Resource Economics, 31(1),1-19.
Constantine, M., E. Mitrokostas, and P. Emmanuel (2018), “Strategic Corporate Social Responsibility by a Multinational Firm,” DICE Discussion Papers, No 246, University of Düsseldorf, Düsseldorf Institute for Competition Economics (DICE).
Dong, B., J. Gong, and X. Zhao (2012) “FDI and Environmental Regulation: Pollution Haven or a Race to the Top?” Journal of Regulatory Economics, 41(2), 216-237.
Jinji, N. (2005), “Strategic Environmental and Trade Policies with Corporate Environmentalism,” Discussion Papers 2004-10, Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University.
Jinji, N. (2013) “Is Corporate Environmentalism Good for Domestic Welfare?” Review of International Economics, 21(5), 901-911.
Kalamova, M. and N. Johnstone (2011), “Envionmental Policy Stringency and Foreign Direct Investment,” OECD Environment Working Papers, 33, OECD Publishing.

Kim, Y. and D.-E. Rhee (2019) “Do Stringent Environmental Regulations Attract Foreign Direct Investment in Developing Countries? Evidence on the ‘Race to the Top’ from Cross-Country Panel Data,” Emerging Markets Finance and Trade, 55(12), 2796-2808.
Lyon, T. P. and J. W. Maxwell (2004) “Corporate Environmentalism and Public Policy,” Human Ecology Review, 11(3), 292-294.
Matthew, A., R. Cole, J. R. Elliott, and P. G. Fredriksson (2006), “Endogenous Pollution Havens: Does FDI Influence Environmental Policy?” Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 108(1), 157-178.
Yang, Y.-P. and T.-H. Tsai (2013) “Does a Stricter Environmental Policy Discourage Foreign Direct Investment?” Taiwan Economic Review, 41(2), 137-165.
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