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研究生:劉安淇
研究生(外文):An-Chi Liu
論文名稱:經濟全球化對公司成長之影響-以台灣製造業為例
指導教授:楊志海楊志海引用關係
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立中央大學
系所名稱:經濟學系
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:經濟學類
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:50
中文關鍵詞:公司成長
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隨著經濟全球化的興起,台灣與國際之間的貿易與投資往來日益緊密。然而,全球化究竟對於公司的成長是一個動力抑或是阻力?本論文使用台灣自1990年至2018年間上市櫃製造業進行實證分析。研究結果發現出口對公司銷售成長有正向顯著的影響,但對就業成長則無顯著影響。相對的對外直接投資對母公司就業成長以及對母公司銷售成長皆為負向顯著影響。至於其他變數的影響,本論文發現:無論是從公司就業成長或銷售成長的來看,公司規模愈小則公司成長愈快,拒絕Gibrat’s law的規模與公司成長無關之論點;而公司年齡愈小則公司成長愈快,且隨著年齡增加,成長幅度會趨緩,此結果支持動態學習效果假說;最後,發現資本密集度對於公司成長的影響為顯著正相關,表示資本密集度愈高的公司呈現較高的成長。
Along with the emergence of economic globalization, the activities of international trade and investment become prevailing in Taiwanese firms. Crucially, how economic globalization affects firms’ growth? Is it promoting or retarding firm growth? Using a panel dataset of manufacturing firms listed on Taiwan’s stock exchange market for the 1990-2018 period, this thesis examines the relationship between economic globalization, in terms of exports and outward foreign direct investment (OFDI), and firm growth. Empirical results find that exports are positively related to sale growth, whereas there is no significant relationship between exports and employment growth. Correspondingly, OFDI exhibits a significantly negative influence on sale growth and employment growth. Regarding other covariates, this thesis finds that small firms grow faster in terms of sale growth and employment growth, rejecting the Gibrat’s law that firm size is irrelevant to growth. Younger firms are found to grow faster, supporting the hypothesis of dynamic learning effect. We also find that capital intensity is positively related to firm growth.
中文摘要 i
ABSTRACT ii
目錄 iii
圖目錄 iv
表目錄 v
第一章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究動機與目的 2
第三節 研究方法 5
第四節 章節與架構 5

第二章 文獻回顧 7
第一節 公司成長相關文獻 7
第二節 全球化與公司成長相關文獻 9
第三節 台灣的公司成長相關文獻 11

第三章 資料說明與實證模型 13
第一節 資料說明 13
第二節 實證模型與有關變數 15
第三節 估計方法 24

第四章 實證結果與分析 27
第一節 公司就業成長之實證結果 27
第二節 公司銷售成長之實證結果 33

第五章 結論 38

參考文獻 39
陳忠榮與楊志海 (1999), 台灣對外直接投資的決定因素-擴張型與防禦型的比較, 經濟論文叢刊, 27:2, 頁215-240。
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Daunfeldt, S. O., and Elert, N. (2013). When is Gibrat’s law a law? Small Business Economics, 41(1), 133–147.

Del Monte,A and Papagni,E(2003). R&D and the growth of firms: empirical analysis of a panel of Italian firms. Research Policy, 32(6), 1003-1014.
Gibrat,R. (1931). Les Inégalitéséconomiques. Paris: Librairie du ReceuilSirey
Grazzi,M., and Moschella, D. (2018). Small, young, and exporters: new evidence on the determinants of firm growth. Journal of Evolutionary Economics, 28(1), 125–152.
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Liu,J.T.,Tsou,M.W., and Hammitt,J(1999). Do small plants grow faster? Evidence from the Taiwan electronics industry. Economics Letters, 65(1), 121-129.
Mudambi,R., and Zahra,S.A.(2007). The survival of international new ventures. Journal of International Business Studies ,38, 333–352.
Park, Y., Shin, J., and Kim, T. (2010). Firm size, age, industrial networking, and growth: a case of the Korean manufacturing industry. Small Business Economics, 35(2), 153–168.
Yang, C.H.,and Huang, C.H. (2005). R&D, size and firmgrowth in Taiwan’s electronics industry. Small Business Economics, 25(5), 477–487.
Yang,C.H, and Tsou,M.W. (2019). Globalization and firm growth: does ownership matter? Small Business Economics, forthcoming.
Zhang,H. (2005).Why does so much FDI from Hong Kong and Taiwan go to Mainland China? China Economic Review, 16(3), 293-307.
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