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研究生(外文):Muhammad Trio Maulana Putra
論文名稱:使用3D-UG APP來輔助真實情境小學生幾何學習-體積與表面積
論文名稱(外文):Facilitating Geometry Learning of Elementary School Students With 3D-UG APP in Authentic Contexts-Volume and Surface Area Learning
指導教授(外文):Wu-Yuin Hwang
外文關鍵詞:3D-UGauthentic contextsgeometry learningaugmented reality
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在幾何學習中,大多數學生通常使用例如尺之類的標準器材按照教科書來測量物體的長度並計算其表面積或體積。隨著智慧型手機的開發和普及,讓學生可以讓學生可以隨時隨地學習,這對於探索周圍環境並將其與學習主題連結起來特別有幫助。因此,利用智慧型手機設計學習課程來幫助學生在真實的環境中學習幾何學變得越來越有發展性;這是因為在我們的日常生活中有許多與幾何相關的場景。在這項研究中,我們開發了一種程式3D-UG,以在真實的環境中輔助幾何學習,並且進行體積和表面積的測量和計算。3D-UG使用擴增實境ARcore,讓學生與周圍的3D真實對象進行互動,包括立方體和長方體。 3D-UG還運用了多媒體白板,供學生計算體積或表面積並加入文字或語音註釋。 3D-UG給學生帶來了新的體驗,可以使用移動裝置對其周圍的3D對象進行真實測量。這種經驗可以提高學生的能力和動力,特別是在幾何能力、估計能力和空間能力方面。
In geometry learning, most students usually followed textbooks using standard equipment such as rulers to measure the length of an object and calculate their surface area or volume. With popular development and usage of smartphone devices, students can be allowed to study anytime and anywhere, particularly useful to explore and connect their surroundings to learning topics. Therefore, how to design learning curricula using a smartphone to help students learn geometry in authentic contexts becomes more and more promising; this is because there are many scenarios related to geometry in our daily lives. In this study, we developed one 3D-UG to facilitate geometry learning in authentic contexts for volume and surface area measurement and calculation. Our proposed 3D-UG employed augmented reality ARcore to allow students to interact with 3D real objects around them, including cube and cuboid. 3D-UG also implemented the multimedia whiteboard for students to calculate volume or surface area and make text or audio annotation. 3D-UG gives students a new experience to make real measurements of 3D objects surrounding them with mobile devices. This experience improves students' abilities and motivation, especially in geometry ability, estimation ability, and spatial ability.
In our experiment, there were forty fifth-grade elementary school students divided into experimental group and control group. After the experiment, the statistical results showed that experimental group using 3D-UG significantly outperformed control group in learning achievements, including geometry ability, estimation ability, and spatial ability. Further analysis found that if the students of experimental group tried more attempt to explore and calculate 3D objects by themselves, their learning achievements could be significantly improved. Therefore, students-centered activity, freely exploring authentic contexts by students, is more critical than a teacher-designed activity to enhance learning achievement. Regarding peer assessment of geometry learning in authentic contexts, the result showed that the quality of peer assessment could affect student learning achievement. Moreover, students perceived that 3D-UG could help to learn geometry easily, effectively, and playfully in authentic contexts.
Abstract i
中文摘要 ii
Acknowledgments iii
List of Content iv
List of Table vi
List of Figure vii
List of Appendix viii
Chapter 1 Introduction 1
1.1. Background and Motivation 1
1.2. Purpose 3
Chapter 2 Literature Review 4
2.1. 3D Geometry in Mathematics 4
2.2. Ubiquitous Learning in Mathematics 5
2.2.1. Authentic Learning 5
2.2.2. Ubiquitous Technology in 3D Geometry Learning 6
2.3. ARCore Technology for Authentic Learning 8
2.4. Students’ Perception Using Technology 9
2.5. 3D Geometry Thinking Skills 10
2.5.1. Geometry Ability 10
2.5.2. Estimation Ability 11
2.5.3. Spatial Ability 11
2.6. Assessment for Learning 12
Chapter 3 System Development and Implementation 14
3.1. System Design 14
3.1.1. System Architecture 14
3.1.2. Main Feature 15
3.2. Learning Activity Using 3D-UG 19
3.2.1. Learning 3D Geometry 19
3.2.2. Workflow Students Learning Activities 19
3.2.3. Peer and Teacher Assessment 21
Chapter 4 Research Method 22
4.1. Type of Research 22
4.2. Research Architecture and Research Variables 22
4.2.1. Control Variable 22
4.2.2. Independent Variable 22
4.2.3. Dependent Variable 22
4.3. Research Flow and Procedure 25
4.4. Research Subject 27
4.5. Research Tools 27
4.6. Experimental Activities 29
4.7. Data Collection and Processing 30
Chapter 5 Results and Analysis 31
5.1. Analysis of Learning Achievement 31
5.1.1. Geometry Ability Among Two Groups 32
5.1.2. Estimation Ability Among Two Groups 34
5.1.3. Spatial Ability Among Two Groups 34
5.2. Correlation Between Each Variable 35
5.2.1. Correlation of Learning Behavior and Learning Achievement 35
5.2.2. Correlation of Learning Assessment and Learning Achievement 38
5.2.3. Correlation of Learning Behavior and Learning Assessment 40
5.3. Prediction of Dependent Variable to Learning Achievement 44
5.4. Students’ Perception of 3D-UG 46
Chapter 6 Conclusions 48
6.1. Conclusions 48
6.2. Limitation and Suggestion 49
6.3. Future Study 50
References 51
Appendix 55
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