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研究生:郭鎮桓
研究生(外文):Chen Huan Kuo
論文名稱:資料命名網路內容彙整機制研究-以空氣資訊為例
論文名稱(外文):Aggregation Forwarding for Named Data Networking: A Case Study of Air Quality
指導教授:許政穆許政穆引用關係
指導教授(外文):Hsu, Jenq Muh
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立嘉義大學
系所名稱:資訊工程學系研究所
學門:工程學門
學類:電資工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2019
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:41
中文關鍵詞:資料命名網路內容整合空氣資訊
外文關鍵詞:Named Data Networking(NDN)Data AggregationAir Quality
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在隨著物聯網(Internet of Things, IoT)的應用盛行,萬物聯網已經是網路應用服務發展趨勢。如何在眾多聯網設備間依照資訊內容進行有效率的傳遞資料便成了討論的重點之一。
資料命名網路(NDN)是新一代的網路架構,它大幅改變了IP網路的傳輸型態,從end-to-end的傳輸型態轉變為了hop-to-hop的資料轉送,因此NDN允許使用者在不知道終端位址下傳送封包,並且即便使用者未訪問到資料的終端也能從網路的緩存中獲取所需內容。
在資料命名網路架構中,每個路節點都具有暫存快取的功能,除了作為封包的轉傳者還能作為資源的持有者在網際網路中進行資源擴散與分享。
而近年來空氣健康危害的議題逐漸被大家所重視,使得人們在各式各樣的場所角落架設空氣環境相關的感測裝置。隨著越來越多的感測裝置被裝設,這些環境資訊也充斥了整個網路環境當中。如何快速的查詢這些感測裝置所生成的環境資訊,並且能隨著環境的變化快速的更新資料的內容,便成了我們所要探討的內容。
本論文為嘗試改進目前的資料命名網路的路由轉傳機制,在現有的單一封包回應機制下更改轉傳策略。不同於以往的方法,本論文提出透過對回應封包內容的資訊整合,使快取中不只存放終端節點的資訊,也能暫存整合後資料,透過此機制能加快,當使用者對邊際節點以外的資料有所請求時的回應速度。
In recent years, with the rapid development of the Internet of Things (IoT), IoT has become a trend in the development of Internet application services. How to efficiently transfer information according to data content among numerous devices has become one of the focuses of discussion.
Named Data Networking(NDN) is an innovation network architecture; NDN changes the transmission pattern of IP networks substantially, from end-to-end fashion to hop-to-hop data fashion. Thus NDN allows users to transmit the packet without knowing the destination address; additionally, the user would be able to obtain the desired content from the network cache without accessing the data from the originated host.
Each node has a cache to temporary store data in NDN architecture. The device can be both the packet transmitter and the data holder to spread and share resources on the Internet.
The concern of air quality affecting human health has been taken seriously by the population gradually. People start to set up air-quality detectors around the environment, which results in the overflow of environmental information in the whole network. Thus, the efficiency of data aggregation from the database and the instantaneity of detecting data are noticed and developed as this research thesis.
The purpose of this thesis is to improve the routing and forwarding method under the current data naming network, the forwarding strategy is switched under the existing single packet response method. Different from previous methods, the data aggregation of the packet response and cache storing both the originated node and the aggregated data is proposed in this thesis: which can increase in the user with faster responding to the information outside the marginal node.
中文摘要 i
Abstract iii
致謝 v
目錄 vi
圖目錄 ix
表目錄 x
第1章 緒論 1
1.1 研究背景 2
1.2 研究動機與目的 4
第2章 相關文獻探討 6
2.1 資料命名網路 (NDN) 之研究背景 6
2.1.1 資料命名網路架構 6
2.1.2 封包型別 7
2.1.3 路由器架構 8
2.1.4 安全機制 10
2.2 資料命名網路於物聯網之應用 10
2.3 文獻探討與成效分析 12
2.3.1 興趣封包與資料封包 12
2.3.2 封包路由策略 12
第3章 資料命名網路內容彙整機制設計 14
3.1 封包格式 15
3.2 單一興趣請求資料聚合回應機制 16
3.3 路由轉傳策略 17
3.4 路由資料整合機制 18
3.5 方法步驟 19
3.6 路由轉傳機制 20
3.7 路由處理虛擬碼-興趣封包 21
3.8 路由處理虛擬碼-資料封包 23
第4章 實驗及分析 24
4.1 實驗拓樸 25
4.2 資訊封包 27
4.3 內容暫存快取替換機制 28
4.4 平均延遲時間 31
4.6 Content Store暫存快取命中精確率 34
4.7 資料封包經過路由節點數 35
4.8 實驗結果比較 36
第5章 結論與未來展望 38
第6章 參考文獻 39
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[2]. Baccelli, Emmanuel, et al. "Information centric networking in the IoT: Experiments with NDN in the wild." Proceedings of the 1st ACM Conference on Information-Centric Networking. ACM, 2014.
[3]. Zhang, Yanyong, et al. "ICN based Architecture for IoT." IRTF contribution, October (2013).
[4]. Zhang, Yanyong, et al. "Requirements and Challenges for IoT over ICN." (2015).
[5]. Wang, Jiangzhe, Ryuji Wakikawa, and Lixia Zhang. "DMND: Collecting data from mobiles using named data." 2010 IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference. IEEE, 2010.
[6]. NDN project. [Online]. Available: http://named-data.net/
[7]. Afanasyev, Alexander, et al. "NFD developer’s guide." Dept. Comput. Sci., Univ. California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, USA, Tech. Rep. NDN-0021 (2014).
[8]. Tortelli, Michele, Luigi Alfredo Grieco, and Gennaro Boggia. "Performance assessment of routing strategies in named data networking." IEEE ICNP. 2013.
[9]. Yi, Cheng, et al. "Adaptive forwarding in named data networking." ACM SIGCOMM computer communication review 42.3 (2012): 62-67.
[10]. Ahlgren, Bengt, et al. "A survey of information-centric networking." IEEE Communications Magazine 50.7 (2012): 26-36.
[11]. Hsu J. M., Kuo C. H., Chang H.L.,物聯網中基於資料命名網路依地域階層資訊傳輸, Tanet 2018 ,580 - 585
[12]. Quan, Wei, et al. "Scalable name lookup with adaptive prefix bloom filter for named data networking." IEEE Communications Letters 18.1 (2013): 102-105.
[13]. Quevedo, José, Daniel Corujo, and Rui Aguiar. "A case for ICN usage in IoT environments." 2014 IEEE Global Communications Conference. IEEE, 2014.
[14]. Ahmed, Syed Hassan, and Dongkyun Kim. "Named data networking-based smart home." Ict Express 2.3 (2016): 130-134.
[15]. W. Shang et al., "Named data networking of things (invited paper)", Proc. IEEE 1st Int. Conf. Internet Things Design Implement. (IoTDI), pp. 117-128, 2016.
[16]. M. Amadeo, C. Campolo, A. Iera, A. Molinaro, "Named Data Networking for IoT: an Architectural Perspective", European Conference on Networks and Communications (EuCNC), 2014.
[17]. D. Saxena, V. Raychoudhury, C. Becker, "An NDNoT based efficient object searching scheme for smart home using RFIDs", Proc. ACM Int. Conf. Distrib. Comput. Netw. (ICDCN), pp. 29-34, Jan. 2017.
[18]. Kim, Yusung, et al. "Differentiated forwarding and caching in named-data networking." Journal of Network and Computer Applications 60 (2016): 155-169.
[19]. Carofiglio, Giovanna, et al. "Pending interest table sizing in named data networking." Proceedings of the 2nd ACM Conference on Information-Centric Networking. ACM, 2015.
[20]. M. A. Hail, M. Marica, A. Molinaro, S. Fischer, "Caching in named data networking for the wireless Internet of Things", Proceedings of International Conference on Recent Advances in Internet of Things (RIoT), April 2015.
[21]. Li, Chengming, and Koji Okamura. "Cluster-based in-networking caching for content-centric networking." International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security (IJCSNS) 14.11 (2014): 1.
[22]. Y. Yang, T. Song, "Local naming service for named data networking of things", Proc. 4th ACM Conf. Inf.-Centric Netw. (ICN), pp. 190-191, 2017.
[23]. Amadeo, Marica, Claudia Campolo, and Antonella Molinaro. "Internet of things via named data networking: The support of push traffic." 2014 International Conference and Workshop on the Network of the Future (NOF). IEEE, 2014.
[24]. Intanagonwiwat, Chalermek, et al. "Impact of network density on data aggregation in wireless sensor networks." ICDCS. Vol. 2. 2002.
[25]. Shang, Wentao, et al. "A survey of distributed dataset synchronization in Named Data Networking." NDN, Technical Report NDN-0053 (2017).
[26]. Wang, Jiangzhe, Ryuji Wakikawa, and Lixia Zhang. "DMND: Collecting data from mobiles using named data." 2010 IEEE Vehicular Networking Conference. IEEE, 2010.
[27]. S. Harada, Z. Yan, Y.-J. Park, and K. Nisar, A. A. A. Ibrahim, "Data Aggregation in Named Data Networking." Proc. IEEE Region 10 Conf. (TENCON), pp. 1839-1842, Nov. 2017.
[28]. X. Li, J. Shen, and Z. Chen, "Exponential Interest Aggregation for Hop-by-hop Congestion Control in NDN. " Unpublished.
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