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研究生:曾文卜
研究生(外文):Wen-Pu Tseng
論文名稱:海生館救援海龜排遺中海洋廢棄物分析及可能之健康影響
論文名稱(外文):Marine debris ingestion and potential health effects in the rescued sea turtles at the National Museum of Marine Biology and Aquarium
指導教授:陳德豪
指導教授(外文):Te-Hao Chen
口試委員:陳德豪李宗賢程一駿
口試委員(外文):Te-Hao ChenTsung-Hsien LiI-Jiunn Cheng
口試日期:2020-07-02
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立東華大學
系所名稱:海洋生物研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:海洋科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:57
中文關鍵詞:海龜海洋廢棄物海洋廢棄物攝入排遺分析
外文關鍵詞:Sea turtleMarine debrisDebris ingestionFeces analysis
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目前海龜攝入廢棄物相關研究以解剖死亡的海龜為主,本研究是臺灣第一個以收容活體海龜為對象、結合排遺分析及獸醫學方法探討廢棄物攝入對海龜影響的研究。本研究以國立海洋生物博物館收容中心於2017年10月至2019年11月收容的活體海龜做為研究對象,包含綠蠵龜、欖蠵龜及玳瑁,連續收集每隻海龜的糞便並過篩分離其中的廢棄物,分析其數量、重量、體積、型態及顏色,並探討海龜生物及非生物因子與總排廢量之間的關係。結果顯示收容的39隻海龜中100%有排出廢棄物。其中以塑膠碎片、塑膠薄膜、線繩佔多數,顏色以透明或白色為主。排廢量在三種海龜間沒有顯著的差異,排廢量也不會隨著體型而增加,西岸及東岸兩者通報的海龜排廢量無顯著差異,排廢量與海龜食慾和身體體態指數也無顯著相關。將排廢量與綠蠵龜的血液學分析資料進行相關性分析,發現有5項有顯著相關或相關趨勢,包括血液pH值、血中尿素氮、鹼性磷酸酶、血液氯離子和鉀離子。本研究從體態指數與食慾發現攝入廢棄物未必會造成收容綠蠵龜健康狀況明顯受損,但攝入廢棄物可能與綠蠵龜脫水及酸血症狀和腸胃道損傷有關。
Necropsy is currently the most common method of identifying marine debris ingestion by sea turtles, but information on debris ingestion in live sea turtles could be obtained through fecal analyses. This study was carried out at a sea turtle rehabilitation center located at and managed by the National Museum of Marine Biology and Aquarium, Taiwan. A total of 39 rescued sea turtles (30 Chelonia mydas, 3 Lepidochelys olivacea, and 6 Eretmochelys imbricate) were examined between October of 2017 and November of 2019 for this study. Marine debris was found in the feces of all 39 sea turtles. The excreted debris was mostly composed of transparent or white hard plastic fragments. There was no significant difference in the total debris mass between the three sea turtle species. There was no significant difference in the total debris mass between the turtles caught from the west and east coast. The total debris mass had no significant correlation with body size. The total debris mass had no significant correlation with either body condition index (BCI) or appetite of the turtles. Total debris mass was significantly or had a trend to be correlated with several hematology indices (pH, chloride, blood urea nitrogen, potassium, and alkaline phosphatase). This finding suggests that sea turtles with higher debris mass may suffer from dehydration, acidemia and damage to the gastrointestinal (GI) tracts.
第一章:前言 1
1.1海龜物種介紹 1
1.2 海生館海龜收容中心簡介 4
1.3海洋廢棄物介紹 7
1.4海龜攝入廢棄物之危害 9
1.5亞致死效應概論 11
1.6研究目的 12
1.6.1研究目標 12
第二章:材料方法 13
2.1實驗動物及排遺樣本採集 13
2.2排遺中廢棄物分析 13
2.3海龜形質測量與健康資料分析 14
2.4統計分析 18
第三章:結果 19
3.1海生館救援海龜基本資料 19
3.2排出海洋廢棄物量與次數 20
3.3海廢定量之相關性 22
3.4海龜排出廢棄物之材質及顏色 23
3.5三種海龜排出廢棄物量與東岸西岸排出量之比較 25
3.6海龜體長與海廢排出量的相關性 27
3.7海廢對海龜健康的影響 28
第四章:討論 33
第五章:結論 41
參考文獻 43
附錄 55
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