(3.238.235.155) 您好!臺灣時間:2021/05/11 02:03
字體大小: 字級放大   字級縮小   預設字形  
回查詢結果

詳目顯示:::

我願授權國圖
: 
twitterline
研究生:邱韋倫
研究生(外文):Wei-Lun Qiu
論文名稱:高屏海域中深水層仔稚魚之成長、死亡及攝食需求:以七星底燈魚及智利串光魚為例
論文名稱(外文):Growth, mortality, and feeding requirement of mesopelagic fish larvae in the Gaoping waters: a case study of Benthosema pterotum and Vinciguerria nimbaria
指導教授:謝泓諺
指導教授(外文):Hung-Yen Hsieh
口試委員:謝泓諺李明安張至維
口試委員(外文):Hung-Yen HsiehMing-An LeeChih-Wei Chang
口試日期:2020-07-28
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立東華大學
系所名稱:海洋生物研究所
學門:自然科學學門
學類:海洋科學學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:55
中文關鍵詞:中深水層魚類仔稚魚成長死亡攝食需求
外文關鍵詞:mesopelagic fishesfish larvaegrowthmortalityfeeding requirement
相關次數:
  • 被引用被引用:0
  • 點閱點閱:28
  • 評分評分:系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔系統版面圖檔
  • 下載下載:0
  • 收藏至我的研究室書目清單書目收藏:0
中深水層魚類的仔稚魚通常在海洋魚類幼生群聚中佔主導地位,但是對其生態學的詳細研究是有限的,因此無法全面評估海洋水域的生態系統結構。本研究分析了高屏海域兩種數量優勢的中深水層魚類仔稚魚(七星底燈魚及智利串光魚)的生長、死亡及其攝食需求,並透過生長與死亡的數據對仔稚魚的族群補充量進行評估。結果顯示,七星底燈魚及智利串光魚的體重特異性生長係數(Gw)分別為0.0587 d-1及0.1278 d-1,瞬時日死亡率(M)分別為0.037 d-1及0.119 d-1。Gw / M比值是仔稚魚特定階段生存率的指標,根據結果顯示,七星底燈魚及智利串光魚的族群補充量都相當足夠,都是高屏海域中穩定生長的物種。兩種仔稚魚類群的攝食需求量分別為0.013 ± 0.017 mg C m-2d−1 (七星底燈魚)及0.105 ± 0.140 mg C m-2d−1 (智利串光魚)。而這兩者之間攝食需求的差異,我們推測可能是源自於兩個物種的進食能力的不同,也有可能是智利串光魚為了在早期快速生長,所以其攝食需求高過於七星底燈魚。
Larvae of mesopelagic fishes usually dominate in oceanic larval fish assemblages, but detailed investigations of their ecology are limited and thus preclude full assessment of the ecosystem structure in oceanic waters. Here, we examined the growth, mortality, and their feeding requirement of two species of dominant mesopelagic fish larvae in the Gaoping waters, and assessed the larval recruitment potential by their growth and mortality. The data shows that weight-specific growth coefficients (Gw) of Benthosema pterotum and Vinciguerria nimbaria are 0.0587 d−1and 0.1278 d−1, and the instantaneous daily mortality coefficients (M) are 0.037 d−1and 0.119 d−1, respectively. The ratio of Gw/M, an index of stage-specific survival of the larvae, indicated that the recruitment potential are enough and the community recruitment of B. pterotum and V. nimbaria are stable. The feeding requirements of larvae of the two species are 0.013 ± 0.017 mg C m-2d−1 (B. pterotum) and 0.105 ± 0.140 mg C m-2d−1 (V. nimbaria). We speculate that the difference of feeding requirement between B. pterotum and V. nimbaria is probably due to the difference in the feeding ability or the growth as fast as possible for V. nimbaria.
壹、前言 1
1-1 中深水層魚類 1
1-2 七星底燈魚以及智利串光魚之生長環境 2
1-3 利用耳石解析魚類初期生活史 4
1-4 研究目的 6
貳、材料與方法 7
2-1 採樣地點與方法 7
2-2 仔稚魚體長與乾重測定 7
2-3 耳石摘取與日週輪判讀 8
2-4 數據統計與分析 9
參、結果 13
3-1 仔稚魚的體長分布 13
3-2 耳石的日輪判讀 13
3-3 仔稚魚的生長、死亡及族群補充量 14
3-4 仔稚魚的攝食需求 15
肆、討論 17
4-1 年齡形質之探討 17
4-2 仔稚魚生長與死亡 18
4-3 仔稚魚的族群補充量 20
4-4 仔稚魚的攝食需求 20
伍、結論 23
陸、參考文獻 25
王勝平,1999。台灣海域劍旗魚之年齡與成長研究。國立台灣大學海洋研究所碩士論文。97頁。

王世斌,2012。硬骨魚類的成長紀錄器。科學發展。第477期,16-21頁。

丘臺生,1999。臺灣仔稚魚。國立海洋生物博物館籌備處。296頁。

沖山宗雄,1998。日本產稚魚圖鑑。東海大學出版社。1154頁。

宋柏陞,2017。高屏沿近海域中深水層仔稚魚之群聚變動。國立東華大學海洋生物研究所碩士論文。142頁。

殷名稱,1998。魚類生態學。水產出版社。537頁。

許智程,2008。台灣西南沿海產七星魚耳石輪紋成長率之研究。國立高雄海洋科技大學漁業生產與管理研究所碩士論文。73頁。

陳凱暐,2006。台灣西南沿海產七星魚之年齡與成長。國立高雄海洋科技大學漁業生產與管理研究所碩士論文。93頁

陳恬如,2005。以耳石來推論台灣櫻花鉤吻鮭之年齡與成長之關係。國立台灣海洋大學水產養殖研究所碩士論文。49頁。

鄭利榮、邱萬敦、王振培、王世斌,2001。燈籠魚科類在台灣西南海域之群量與生態地位之研究。漁業技術及資源管理討會,國立海洋大學。22-24頁。

陳哲聰、鄭利榮、陳朝清、吳金鎮、邱萬敦、林坤龍、王啟銘、王振培,2002。台灣西南海域漁業活動對生態系統影響評估及其管理。行政院農委會漁業署九十一年度試驗研究計畫報告。99頁。

陳哲聰、鄭利榮、陳朝清、吳金鎮、林坤龍、邱萬敦,2003。台灣西南海域漁業活動對生態系統影響評估及其管理。行政院農委會署九十二年度試驗研究計畫研究報告。68頁。

陳守仁、黃建智、陳羿惠、吳龍靜,2010。流動的水晶---台灣櫻花蝦。科學發展。第452期,32-39頁。

曾萬年,2018。魚類耳石:探討神秘的魚類生活史。五南圖書出版股份有限公司。472頁。

馮郁婷,2017。利用耳石形質探討宜蘭灣海域七星底燈魚的年齡與成長。國立臺灣海洋大學環境生物與漁業科學學系碩士論文。45頁。

黃建毅,2000。台灣西南沿海正櫻蝦之漁業生物學研究。國立中山大學海洋生物研究所碩士論文。60頁。

鄭群學,2020。高屏溪口附近海域冬夏季仔稚魚群聚結構之比較。國立東華大學海洋生物研究所碩士論文。97頁。

蕭聿文,2016。台灣西南沿海產七星魚(Benthosema pterotum)之食性。國立高雄海洋科技大學漁業生產與管理研究所碩士論文。68頁。

謝泓諺,2007。水文環境對台灣周邊海域仔稚魚群聚時空分布的影響。國立中山大學海洋生物科技暨資源學系研究所博士論文。222頁。

顏隆華,2009。台灣西南海域林園雙拖網下雜魚漁獲物之多樣性及優勢種研究。國立高雄海洋科技大學漁業生產與管理研究所碩士論文。72頁。

臺灣魚類資料庫,2020。七星底燈魚。https://fishdb.sinica.edu.tw/chi/species.php?id=381191。

臺灣魚類資料庫,2020。智利串光魚。https://fishdb.sinica.edu.tw/chi/species.php?id=383584。

Ahlstrom, E. H., 1969. Mesopelagic and bathypelagic fishes in the California Current region. California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations Reports. 13: 39-44.

Anderson, J. T., 1988. A review of size dependent survival during pre-recruit stages of fishes in relation to recruitment. Journal of Northwest Atlantic fishery science. 8: 55-66.

Antoine, L. C., Mendoza, J. J., and Cayré P., 1983. Progress of age and growth assessment of Atlantic skipjack tuna, Euthynnus pelamis from dorsal fin spines. United States Department of Commerce, NOAA Technical Report NMFS. 8: 91-97.

Badcock, J., 1970. The vertical distribution of mesopelagic fishes collected on the SOND cruise. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 50(4): 1001-1044.

Badcock, J., and Merrett, N. R., 1976. Midwater fishes in the eastern North Atlantic-I. Vertical distribution and associated biology in 30 N, 23 W, with developmental notes on certain myctophids. Progress in Oceanography. 7(1): 3-58.

Bailey, K. M., and Houde, E. D., 1989. Predation on eggs and larvae of marine fishes and the recruitment problem. Advances in Marine Biology. 25: 1-83.

Balanov, A. A., 1999. Redescription of Scopelosaurus harryi and S. adleri (Notosudidae): two valid mesopelagic species inhabiting the northern part of the Pacific Ocean. Journal of Ichthyology. 39: 616-625.

Barber, M. C., and Jenkins, G. P., 2001. Differential effects of food and temperature lead to decoupling of short‐term otolith and somatic growth rates in juvenile King George whiting. Journal of Fish Biology. 58(5): 1320-1330.

Barnes, R. S. K., 1974. Estuarine Biology. Edward Arnold, London.

Batts, B. S., 1972. Age and growth of the skipjack tuna, Katsuwonus pelamis (Linnaeus), in north Carolina waters. Chesapeake Science. 13(4): 237-244.

Bianchi, T. S., 2007. Biogeochemistry of estuaries. Oxford University Press on Demand.

Bowlin, N. M., 2016. Ontogenetic changes in the distribution and abundance of early life history stages of mesopelagic fishes off California. University of California, UC San Diego.

Brothers, E. B., 1983. Summary of round table discussions on age validation. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Technical Report National Marine Fisheries Service. 8: 35-44.

Campana, S. E., 1983. Feeding periodicity and the production of daily growth increments in otoliths of steelhead trout (Salmo gairdneri) and starry flounder (Platichthys stellatus). Canadian Journal of Zoology. 61(7): 1591-1597.

Campana, S. E., 1989. Otolith microstructure of three larval gadids in the Gulf of Maine, with inferences on early life history. Canadian Journal of Zoology. 67: 1401-1410.

Casselman, J. M., 1983. Age and growth assessment of fish from their calcified structures-techniques and tools. NOAA Technical Report NMFS. 8: 1-17.

Clarke, T. A., 1973. Some aspects of the ecology of lanternfishes (Myctophidae) in the Pacific Ocean near Hawaii. Fishery Bulletin. 71: 401-434.

Davison, P. C., Checkley Jr, D. M., Koslow, J. A., and Barlow, J., 2013. Carbon export mediated by mesopelagic fishes in the northeast Pacific Ocean. Progress in Oceanography. 116: 14–30.

Fortier, L., and Harris, R. P., 1989. Optimal foraging and density-dependent competition in marine fish larvae. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 51: 19-33.

Fuiman, L. A., and Werner, R. G., 2009. Fishery science: the unique contributions of early life stages. John Wiley & Sons.

Gartner Jr, J. V., Conley, W. J., and Hopkins, T. L., 1989. Escape meant by fishes from midwater trawls: acasestudy using lanternfishes (species: Myctophidae). Fishery Bulletin. 87(1): 213-222.

Gjøsæter, J., and Kawaguchi, K., 1980. A review of the world resources of mesopelagic fish, FAO Fisheries Technical Paper. 193: 1-151.

Gjøsæter, J., 1981. Abundance and production of lanternfish (Myctophidae) in the western and northern Arabian Sea. Fiskeridirektoratets Skrifter, Serie Havundersøkelser. 17: 215-251.

Gjøsæter, J., and Tilseth, S., 1988. Spawning behavior, egg and larval development of the myctophid fish Benthosema pterotum. Marine Biology. 98: 1-6.

Hayashi, A., Kawaguchi, K., Watanabe, H., and Ishida, M., 2001. Daily growth increment formation and its lunar periodicity in otoliths of the myctophid fish Myctophum asperum (Pisces: Myctophidae). Fisheries Science. 67: 811-817.

Hopkins, T. L., and Gartner Jr, J. V., 1992. Resource-partitioning and predation impact of a low-latitude myctophid community. Marine Biology. 114: 185-197.

Hosseini-Shekarabi, S. P., Valinassab T., Bystydzienska, Z., and Linkowski, T., 2015. Age and growth of B enthosema pterotum (A lcock, 1890) (Myctophidae) in the Oman Sea. Journal of Applied Ichthyology. 31(1): 51-56.

Houde, E. D., and Zastrow, C. E., 1993. Ecosystem-and taxon-specific dynamic and energetics properties of larval fish assemblages. Bulletin of Marine Science. 53(2): 290-335.

Houde, E. D., 1987. Fish early life dynamics and recruitment variability. American Fisheries Society Symposium. 2: 17-29.

Houde, E. D., 2002. Mortality. In: Fuiman, L.A., Werner, R.G. (Eds.), Fishery Science. The Unique Contributions of Early Life Stages. Blackwell Publishing, Oxford. 64-87.

Hulley, P. A., 1981. Results of the research cruises of FRV" Walther Herwig" to South America. LVIII. Family Myctophidae (Osteichthyes, Myctophiformes). Archiv für Fischereiwissenschaft. 31: 1-300.

Jenkins, G. P., (1987). Comparative diets, prey selection, and predatory impact of co-occurringlarvae of two flounder species. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology. 110: 147-170.

Johnson, A. G., 1983. Comparison of dorsal spine and vertebrae as ageing structures for little tunny, Eutyhnnus alletteratus, from the northeast Gulf of Mexico. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Technical Report National Marine Fisheries Service. 8: 111-115.

Joung, S. J., Liao, Y. Y., Liu, K. M., Chen, C. T., and Leu, L. C., 2005. Age, growth, and reproduction of the spinner shark, Carcharhinus brevipinna, in the northeastern waters of Taiwan. Zoological Studies. 44(1): 102-110.

Kobari, T., Makihara, W., Kawafuchi, T., Sato, K., and Kume, G., 2018. Geographic variability in taxonomic composition, standing stock, and productivity of the mesozooplankton community around the Kuroshio Current in the East China Sea. Fisheries Oceanography. 27: 336-350.

Lo, N. C. H., 1985. Egg production of the central stock of northern anchovy, Engraulis mordax. Fishery Bulletin. 83: 137-150.

Loeb, V., 1979. Larval fishes in the zooplankton community of the North Pacific Central Gyre. Marine Biology. 53(2): 173-191.

Lombarte, A., and Lleonart, J., 1993. Otolith size changes related with body growth, habitat depth and temperature. Environmental Biology of Fishes. 37(3): 297-306.

Meekan M. G., and Fortier, L., 1996. Selection for fast growth during the larval life of Atlantic cod Gadus morhua on the Scotian Shelf. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 137:25-37

Moku, M., Kawaguchi, K., Watanabe, H., and Ohno, A., 2000. Feeding habits of three dominant myctophid fishes, Diaphus theta, Stenobrachius leucopsarus and S. nannochir, in the subarctic and transitional waters of the western North Pacific. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 207: 129-140.

Morales-Nin B., 2000. Review of the growth regulation processes of otolith daily increment formation. Fisheries Research. 46(1-3): 53-67.

Moser, H. G., Charter, R. L., Smith, P. E., Ambrose, D. A., Charter, S. R., Meyer, C. A., Sandknop, E. M., and Watson, W., 1993. Distribution atlas of fish larvae and eggs in the California current region: taxa with 1,000 or more total larvae, 1951 through 1984. California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations Atlas. 31: 1-233.

Moser, H. G., 1996. The early stages of fishes in the California Current region. California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations Atlas. 33: 387-475.

Munk, P., and Nielsen, T. G., 1994. Trophodynamics of the plankton community at Dogger Bank: predatory impact by larval fish. Journal of Plankton Research. 16: 1225-1245.

Nakata, K., Zenitani, H., and Inagake, D., 1995. Differences in food availability for Japanese sardine larvae between the frontal region and the waters on the offshore side of Kuroshio. Fisheries Oceanography. 4: 68-79.

Neilson, J. D., and Geen, G. H., 1985. Effects of feeding and diel temperature cycles on otolith increment formation in juvenile chinook salmon Oncorhynchus tshawytscha. Fishery Bulletin. 83(1): 91.

Nielsen, T. G., and Munk, P., 1998. Zooplankton diversity and the predatory impact by larval and small juvenile fish at the Fisher Banks in the North Sea. Journal of Plankton Research. 20: 313-2332.

Ohizumi, H., Yoshioka, M., Mori, K., and Miyazaki, N., 1998. Stomach contents of common dolphins (Delphinus delphis) in the pelagic western North Pacific. Marine Mammal Science. 14(4): 835-844.

Okamoto, M., Sugisaki, H., and Ida, H., 2004. Development and distribution of the early life stages of the longfin pearleye Benthalbella linguidens (Aulopiformes: Scopelarchidae) in the western North Pacific. Ichthyological Research. 51(4): 301-308.

Okiyama, M., 2014. An Atlas of the Early Stage Fishes in Japan, Second ed. Tokai University Press, Tokyo.

Olivar, M. P., and Fortuño Alós, J. M., 1991. Guide to ichthyoplankton of the Southeast Atlantic (Benguela Current region). Scientia Marina. 55: 1-383.

Oozeki, Y. O. S. H. I. O. K. I., Takasuka, A., Kubota, H., and Barange, M., 2007. Characterizing spawning habitats of Japanese sardine, Sardinops melanostictus, Japanese anchovy, Engraulis japonicus, and Pacific round herring, Etrumeus teres, in the Northwestern Pacific. California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations Report. 48: 191.

Ozawa, T., 1973. On the early life history of the gonostomatid fish, Vinciguerria nimbaria (Jordan and Williams), in the western North Pacific. Memoirs of the Faculty of Fisheries. 22: 127-141.

Ozawa, T., 1986. The larvae of three Japanese species of the gonostomatid genus Gonostoma. In studies on the oceanic ichthyoplankton in the western North Pacific. Kyushu University Press, Fukuoka.

Pakhomov, E., and Yamamura, O., 2010. Report of the advisory panel on micronekton sampling inter-calibration experiment. PICES Scientific Report. 38: 1-115.

Pakhomov, E. A., Perissinotto, R., and McQuaid, C. D., 1996. Prey composition and daily rations of myctophid fishes in the Southern Ocean. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 134: 1-14.

Pannella, G., 1971. Fish otoliths: daily growth layers and periodical patterns. Science. 173(4002): 1124-1127.

Peñaflor, G. C., 1990. Otolith microstructure and early ontogeny of a myctophid species Benthosema pterotum. Bulletin of the Japanese Society of Scientific Fisheries. 56(12): 1987-1995.

Pearcy, W. G., Krygier, E. E., Mesecar, R., and Ramsey, F., 1977. Vertical distribution and migration of oceanic micronekton off Oregon. Deep Sea Research. 24(3): 223-245.

Pepin, P., Evans, G. T., and Shears, T. H., 1999. Patterns of RNA/DNA ratios in larval fish and their relationship to survival in the field. ICES Journal of Marine Science. 56:697-706.

Pepin, P., and Penney, R., 2000. Feeding by a larval fish community: impact on zooplankton. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 204: 199-212.

Phillips, K. L., Jackson, G. D., and Nichols, P. D., 2001. Predation on myctophids by the squid Moroteuthis ingens around Macquarie and Heard Islands: stomach contents and fatty acid analyses. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 215: 179-189.

Popper, A. N., and Coombs, S., 1980. Auditory mechanisms in teleost fishes: significant variations in both hearing capabilities and auditory structures are found among species of bony fishes. American Scientist. 68(4): 429-440.

Rice, J. A., Crowder, L. B., and Binkowski, F. P., 1985. Evaluating otolith analysis for bloater Coregonus hoyi: Do otoliths ring true? Transactions of the American Fisheries Society. 114(4): 532-539.

Richards, W. J., 2005. Early stages of Atlantic fishes: an identification guide for the western central north Atlantic. Two Volume Set (Vol. 1.). CRC Press.

Sassa, C., Kawaguchi, K., Kinoshita, T., and Watanabe, C., 2002. Assemblages of vertical migratory mesopelagic fish in the transitional region of the western North Pacific. Fisheries Oceanography. 11(4): 193-204.

Sassa, C., Moser, H. G., and Kawaguchi, K., 2002. Horizontal and vertical distribution patterns of larval myctophid fishes in the Kuroshio Current region. Fisheries Oceanography. 11(1): 1-10.

Sassa, C., Kawaguchi, K., and Mori, K., 2004. Late winter larval mesopelagic fish assemblage in the Kuroshio waters of the western North Pacific. Fisheries Oceanography. 13(2): 121-133.

Sassa, C., and Kawaguchi, K., 2005. Larval feeding habits of Diaphus theta, Protomyctophum thompsoni, and Tarletonbeania taylori (Pisces: Myctophidae) in the transition region of the western North Pacific. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 298: 261-276.

Sassa, C., Kawaguchi, K., Hirota, Y., and shida, M., 2007. Distribution depth of the transforming stage larvae of myctophid fishes in the subtropical–tropical waters of the western North Pacific. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers. 54(12): 2181-2193.

Sassa, C., and Tsukamoto, Y., 2012. Inter-annual comparison of diet and daily ration of larval jack mackerel Trachurus japonicus in the southern East China Sea. Journal of Plankton Research. 34: 173–187.

Sassa, C., and Hirota, Y., 2013. Seasonal occurrence of mesopelagic fish larvae on the onshore side of the Kuroshio off southern Japan. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers. 81: 49-61.

Sassa, C., and Konishi, Y., 2015. Late winter larval fish assemblage in the southern East China Sea, with emphasis on spatial relations between mesopelagic and commercial pelagic fish larvae. Continental Shelf Research. 108: 97-111.

Sassa, C., Takahashi, M., and Tsukamoto, Y., 2015. Distribution, hatch-date, growth, and mortality of larval Benthosema pterotum (Pisces:Myctophidae) in the shelf region of the East China Sea. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 95: 161-174.

Sassa, C., and Takahashi, M., 2018. Comparative larval growth and mortality of mesopelagic fishes and their predatory impact on zooplankton in the Kuroshio region. Deep Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers. 131: 121-132.

Shelekhov, V. A., 2004. Results of Otolith Microstructure analysis, the growth rate, and life span of Diaphus theta (Myctophidae). Journal of Ichthyology. 44(8): 661-623.

Smith, C. L., 1983. Summary of round table discussions on back calculation. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Technical Report National Marine Fisheries Service. 8: 45-47.

Smoker, W., and Pearcy, W. G., 1970. Growth and reproduction of lanternfish Stenobruchius leucopsarus. Journal of Fisheries Research Board of Canada. 27: 1265-1275.

Sugisaki, H., Nonaka, M., Ishizaki, S., Hidaka, K., Kameda, T., Hirota, Y., Oozeki, Y., Kubota, H. and Takasuka, A., 2010. Status and trends of the Kuroshio region, 2003–2008. In: McKinnell, S.M., Dagg, M.J. (Eds.), Marine Ecosystems of the North Pacific Ocean, 2003–2008 4. PICES Special Publication. 330-359.

Tanabe, T., 2003. Precise age determination of young to adult skipjack tuna (Katsuonus pelamis) with validation of otolith daily increment. Presented to the 16th meeting of Sanding Committee on Tuna and Billfish. 2003.

Torres, A.P., Reglero, P., Balbin, R., Urtizberea, A., and Alemany, F., 2011. Coexistence of larvae of tuna species and other fish in the surface mixed layer in the NW Mediterranean. Journal of Plankton Research. 33(12): 1793-1812.

Uye, S., and Matsuda, O., 1988. Phosphorus content of zooplankton from the Inland Sea of Japan. Journal of the Oceanographical Society of Japan. 44(6): 280-286.

Watanabe, H., Moku, M., Kawaguchi, K., Ishimaru, K., and Ohno, A., 1999. Diel vertical migration of myctophid fishes (Family Myctophidae) in the transitional waters of the western North Pacific. Fisheries Oceanography. 8(2): 115-127.

Watanabe, Y., Oozeki, Y., and Kitagawa, D., 1997. Larval parameters determining pre-schooling juvenile production of Pacific saury (Cololabis saira) in the north-western Pacific. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. 54: 1067-1076.

Williams, T., and Benford, B. C., 1974. The use of otoliths for age determination. The ageing of fish, Unmin Brothers Limted, England. 114-123.

Yamamura, O., and Inada, T., 2001. Importance of micronekton as food of demersal fish assemblages. Bulletin of Marine Science. 68(1): 13-25.

Yoneda, M., Yamasaki, S., Yamamoto, K., Horikawa, H., and Matsuyama, M., 2002. Age and growth of John Dory, Zeus faber (Linnaeus, 1758), in the East China Sea. ICES Journal of Marine Science. 59: 749-756.

Young, J. W., Bulman, C. M., Blaber, S. J. M., and Wayte, S. E., 1988. Age and growth of the lanternfish Lampanyctodes hectoris (Myctophidae) from eastern Tasmania, Australia. Marine Biology. 99: 569-576.
電子全文 電子全文(網際網路公開日期:20210809)
連結至畢業學校之論文網頁點我開啟連結
註: 此連結為研究生畢業學校所提供,不一定有電子全文可供下載,若連結有誤,請點選上方之〝勘誤回報〞功能,我們會盡快修正,謝謝!
QRCODE
 
 
 
 
 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               
第一頁 上一頁 下一頁 最後一頁 top
系統版面圖檔 系統版面圖檔