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研究生:姜偉文
研究生(外文):Chiang,Wei-Wen
論文名稱:攻勢崇拜2007-2017:「反介入/區域拒止」與「空海一體戰」的文獻檢視
論文名稱(外文):Cult of Offensive 2007-2017:A Documentary Study on“Anti-Access/Area-Denial”and“AirSea Battle”
指導教授:楊仕樂楊仕樂引用關係
指導教授(外文):Yang,Shih-Yueh
口試委員:張國城林穎佑
口試委員(外文):Chang, Kuo-ChengLin,Ying-Yu
口試日期:2020-04-08
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國防大學
系所名稱:戰略研究所
學門:社會及行為科學學門
學類:國際事務學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:154
中文關鍵詞:攻勢崇拜反介入∕區域拒止空海一體戰
外文關鍵詞:Cult of OffensiveAnti-Access/Area-Denial (A2/AD)AirSea Battle (ASB)
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「攻守理論」在1970年代末出現,原先聚焦於軍事科技對「攻守平衡」的影響,但後續的發展日益發覺,對於科技的主觀認知與理解,可能比科技的本身更重要。軍事強權常不自覺地對任何軍事科技的發展,都朝對攻擊有利的方向解讀,是所謂「攻勢崇拜」現象,這在1914年一次大戰爆發前相當明顯, 而今在一百年多之後,狀況似乎重演。本文將以曾喧騰一時的共軍「反介入∕區域拒止」作戰構想,與美國作為反制的「空海一體戰」作戰概念為案例,指出當代軍事科技發展其實有利防禦,使美軍更易於阻止共軍跨海攻臺,但美中雙方卻都發生了攻勢崇拜的現象。本文首先將整理新軍事科技的發展及其對攻守平衡的影響,接著在分別從共軍與美軍方面的軍事著作、相關學術著作,以及美中主流媒體的報導與評論,呈現美中雙方攻勢崇拜現象的存在。
“Offense-defense theory” was brought out in the late 1970s. It originally focused on the influence of military technology to the “offense-defense balance”. However, with the time goes by, the idea of the theory has shifted to think that the subjective cognition and understanding of technology in the direction favorable to offense. This is the so-called “offense worship” phenomenon, which was quite obvious before the WWI. Now, more than a century later, it seems to repeat itself. This article will take the PLA’s “A2/AD” concept of operations and the “ASB” concept of operations with the United States as a case to point out that the development of contemporary military technology is actually beneficial to defense strategy. In addition, although it will make it easier for the US military to stop the PLA attack Taiwan from across the sea, both the United States and China have worshipped offense strategy. This article will first summarize the development of new military technology and its impact on offense-defense balance, and then present the existence of the offense worship phenomenon by analyzing the related military and academic works, including media’s reports and comments from both sides.
表目錄...........................vii
圖目錄...........................viii
第一章 緒論.......................1
第一節 研究動機與問題..............1
第二節 文獻探討....................5
第三節 研究架構...................14
壹、從空海一體到群島防禦...........14
貳、研究方法與章節安排.............18
參、研究限制......................26
第二章 美中雙方軍事機構的攻勢崇拜..27
第一節 中共方面文獻...............27
第二節 美國方面文獻...............33
第三章 美中雙方學術機構的攻勢崇拜..41
第一節 中共方面文獻...............41
第二節 美國方面文獻...............49
第四章 美中雙方媒體的攻勢崇拜.....56
第一節 中共方面文獻...............56
第二節 美國方面文獻...............64
第五章 結論......................74
第一節 研究發現..................74
第二節 研究貢獻..................77
第三節 研究展望..................77
參考文獻........................79
一、中文部分....................79
二、外文部分....................86
附錄...........................96

一、中文部分
專書
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專書譯著
張恩美、羅納德.歐羅克、道森著,童光復譯,2014。《海上交鋒:中共、美國與太平洋的未來》,臺北:國防部。
羅納德.歐羅克、張恩美、道森著,童光復譯,2014。《中共軍事現代化:戰略研析選擇》(Chinese Military Modernization: Select Strategic Analysis)。臺北:國防部。
Sam J. Tangerdi著,吳志丹譯,2015。《反介入∕區域拒止戰:即將到來的美中之戰和其他戰爭》,香港:全球防務。
期刊譯著
Michael E. Hutchens, William D. Dries, Jason C. Perdew, Vincent D. Bryant, and Kerry E. Moores著,王建基譯,2018/4。〈新聯合作戰概念:全球公域介入及機動聯合構想〉(Joint Concept for Access and Maneuver in the Global Commons: A New Joint Operational Concept)《國防譯粹》,第44卷第7期,頁14-23。
專書論文
楊仕樂,2017。〈地理與科技和平論〉,湯智貿,《和平與衝突研究:理論新視野》。臺北市:五南圖書出版股份有限公司。
期刊論文
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林東、李瞰,2011/5。〈「空海一體戰」,老虎還是紙老虎?〉,《領導文萃》,下期。
胡波,2014。〈中美在西大平洋的軍事競爭與戰略平衡〉,《世界經濟與政治》,第05期。
計秋楓、劉維娜,2015/9。〈美國戰略界關於中國海軍發展的評析述略〉,《世界知識與政治論壇》,第05期。
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胡向春,2016。〈美學者鼓噪美國在中共南海採取強硬措施〉,《防務視點》,第09期。
陳黎,2010/10。〈美國以中國為假想敵的空海一體戰概念〉,《新時代國防》。
許嘉、張衡,2011/1。〈試析《評估中國軍事能力》〉,《和平與發展》,第03期。
張明、黃成軍、高博,2012/2。〈美國國防戰略的新動向〉,《國防科技》,第33卷第02期。
張探,2012。〈美媒稱中國擁有「十大致命武器」〉,《丹東海工》,總第12期。
晨楓,2013/5。〈遏制中國的海上戰略〉,《領導文萃》,下期。
張姍姍,2013。〈美國新軍事戰略與我陸軍武器裝備發展〉,《國外坦克》,第04期。
張曉斌,2015/12。〈美國『第三次抵消戰略』對國防科技工業的挑戰與應對〉,《國防科技》,第36卷第06期。
程桂龍,2013/10。〈論空海一體戰與中共國家安全〉,《國防科技》,第34卷第5期。
湯懷宇、劉婕,2014。〈從媒體報導看我國高超音速武器〉,《兵器知識》,第05期。
楊仕樂13,2012/12。〈評判反介入∕區域拒止下的「海空戰」概念〉,《問題與研究(TSSCI)》,51:4。
楊震、趙娟,2015/2。〈論當代中國的海洋軍事觀:制海權與海上反介入〉,《復旦國際關係評論》,第2期。
節大磊,2015/12/15。〈反介入∕區域拒止與美國在西太平洋的軍事戰略〉,《國際戰略研究》,第31期。
楊震、方曉志,2015。〈海洋安全視域下的中國海權戰略選擇與海軍建設〉,《國際展望》,第4期。
裴倫理,2016。〈美國航母的威懾價值是否還存在?〉,《防務視點》,第11期。
蔡明彥,2008。〈美國東亞軍事優勢地位的挑戰:中國「反介入」與美國「反反介入」的角力〉,《全球政治評論》,No. 21。
蔣元慶、鄒輝,2008。〈新的中美海上冷戰時期已經來臨?〉,《現代軍事》,第09期。
劉華,2015/09。〈從閱兵看中國軍力進步〉,《南風窗》,第19期。
錢明,莊林,2015/8。〈美國2015年《21世紀海上力量合作戰略》〉,《國防科技》,第36卷第04期。
魏代强,2013/2。〈美軍開發「空海一體戰」概念研究述論〉,《國防科技》,第34卷第01期。
學位論文
王曉嶸,2011。《中共「反介入戰略」中反艦彈道飛彈的能力虛實》。臺北:淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士論文。
宋連海,2013。《美國空海整體戰發展與內涵》。桃園:國防大學戰略與國際事務研究所碩士論文。
郝志揚,2017。《使用文字探勘實作新聞事件追蹤》。台灣:淡江大學資訊工程學系碩士論文。
網際網路
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郭懿芝,2012/08/29。〈東風導彈突破美國反導網〉,《世界報》,第001版。
郭宣,2013/7/17。〈「高新六號」將反潛推向第二島鏈〉,《世界報》,第014版。
寇立研,2010/7/22。〈中國反航母三大利器〉,《國際先驅報》。
張侃理,2011/8/12。〈美稱瀕海戰鬥艦很難打贏中國022導彈艇〉,《國防時報》,第004版。
婁曉青,2012/10/10。〈美軍攔截中國導彈得累趴下〉,《世界報》,第016版。
賈新樂,2011/5/6。〈中國二炮具備打航母能力〉,《國防時報》,第006版。
熊世才,2010/10/4。〈美反導網難防中國「航母殺手」〉,《國防時報》,第009版。
曉姸,2012/04/04。〈中國海軍近海火力遏制美軍〉,《世界報》,第015版。
二、外文部分
專書
Miner, Gary (eds.), 2012.Practical Text Mining and Statistical Analysis for Non-structured Text Data Applications. MA: Academic Press.
期刊論文
Andrew S. Erickson, Evan Braden Montgomery, Craig Neuman, Stephen Biddle and Ivan Oelrich, Apr. 25, 2017. “Correspondence: How Good Are China’s Anti-Access/Area-Denial Capabilities?, ” International Security, Vol. 41, Issue 4, pp.202-213.
Andrew S. Erickson, Evan Braden Montgomery, Craig Neuman, Stephen Biddle, Ivan Oelrich, 2014. “The Emerging Military Balance in East Asia: How China’s Neighbors Can Check Chinese Naval Expansion,” International Security, Vol. 36, No 1,pp.78-119.
Adam P. Liff , G. John Ikenberry, Fall 2014.“Racing toward Tragedy? : China’s Rise, Military Competition in the Asia Pacific, and the Security Dilemma,” International Security, Vol. 39 No. 2.
Amitai Etzioni,2014. “The Air-Sea Battle ‘concept’: A critique,” International Politics, Vol. 51 5.
Bruce M. Sugden, Summer 2009. “Speed Kills: Analyzing the Deployment of Conventional Ballistic Missiles,” International Security, Vol. 34, No. 1.
David W. Kearn, Jr., 2014 .“Air-Sea Battle, the Challenge of Access, and U.S. National Security Strategy,” American Foreign Policy Interests, Vol. 36, No. 1.
Evan Braden Montgomery, Spring 2014. “Contested Primacy in the Western Pacific: China’s Rise and the Future of U.S. Power Projection,” International Security, Vol. 38 No. 4.
Elbridge Colby, Jan/Feb 2015. “Asia Goes Nuclear,” The National Interest.
Fitzgerald, Mark P., 2012. “Delivering Air Sea Battle,” JFQ: Joint Force Quarterly, Issue 67, p53-55.
Harry Foster,2014. “The Joint Stealth Task Force An Operational Concept for Air-Sea Battle,” The Joint Stealth Task Force, JFQ 72, 1st Quarter.
Jack Snyder, Summer 1984. “Civil-Military Relations and the Cult of the Offensive, 1914 and 1984,” International Security, Vol. 9, No. 1, pp.108-146.
Johnson, James, May 2017. “Washington’s perceptions and misperceptions of Beijing’s anti-access area-denial (A2-AD) ‘strategy’: implications for military escalation control and strategic stability,” The Pacific Review, Vol. 30 Issue 3.
James M. Keagle, Richard D. Fisher, Jr., BrianJohnson,2013. “Enhancing the U.S. Rebalance Toward Asia, ”Joint Force Quarterly, issue 70, 3rd quarter.
Kan, Shirley A,2014. “Guam: U.S. Defense Deployments,” Congressional Research Service, Hauppauge Vol. 23, Iss. 3/4.
MarkP. Fitzgerald, 2012. “Delivering Air Sea Battle, ”Joint Force Quarterly, issue 67, 4th quarter.
M. Taylor Fravel , Christopher P. Twomey, 2015. “Projecting Strategy: The Myth of Chinese Counter-intervention,” The Washington Quarterly, Vol. 37, Issue 4, pp.171-187.
Matteo Dian, May 2015. “The Pivot to Asia, Air-Sea Battle and contested commons in the Asia Pacific region,” The Pacific Review, Vol. 28 Issue 2.
Michael Beckley, Fall 2017. “The Emerging Military Balance in East Asia: How China’s Neighbors Can Check Chinese Naval Expansion,” International Security, Vol. 42, No. 2.
Oriana Skylar Mastro, Winter 2015. “Why Chinese Assertiveness is Here to Stay,” The Washington Quarterly.
Stephen J. Cimbala, 2016. “Chinese Military Modernization: Implications for Strategic Nuclear Arms Control,” Strategic Studies Quarterly, Vol. 10, No. 5.
Stephen Biddle, Ivan Oelrich,2016. “Future Warfare in the Western Pacific: Chinese Anti Access/Area Denial, U.S. AirSea Battle, and Command of the Commons in East Asia,2017.” International Security, Vol. 41, Issue 1.
Thomas P.M. Barn, 2010/10. “Big-War Thinking in a Small-War Era:The Rise of the AirSea Battle Concept,” China Security, Vol. 6 No. 3, pp.3.
Torsvoll, Eirik, Winter 2015. “Deterring Conflict with China: A Comparison of the Air-Sea Battle Concept, Offshore Control, and Deterrence by Denial,” The Fletcher Forum of World Affairs, Vol. 39:1.
Vincent A. Manzo, 2015. “After the First Shots Managing Escalation in Northeast Asia,” The Joint Stealth Task Force, JFQ 77, 2nd Quarter.
Walters, Eric M.,2014/7-8. “ANTI-ACCESS WARFARE: Countering A2/AD Strategies,” Military Review, Vol. 94, Issue 4, pp105-105.
官方文件
Andrew F. Krepinevich, 2010. “AirSea Battle A Point-of-Departure Operational Concept,” Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments.
Air-Sea Battle Office, May 2013. “AIR-SEA BATTLE: Service Collaboration to Address Anti-Access & Area Denial Challenges,” Air- Sea Battle Office.
David C. Gompert, Terrence Kelly, 2013/8/5. “Escalation Cause: How the Pentagon’s New Strategy Could Trigger War with China, ”Research and Development.
Jan van Tol, Mark Gun zinger, Andrew Krepinevich, and Jim Thomas, 2010. “AirSea Battle: A Point-of-Departure Operational Concept,” Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments.
Mark A. Gun zinger, 2010/9/14. “Sustaining America’s Strategic Advantage in Long-Range Strike,” Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments.
Mark Gunzinger,Bryan Clark, 2015. “Sustaining America’s Precision Strike Advantage, ” Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments.
Mark Gun zinger, Bryan Clark, 2016. “Winning The Salvo Competition:Rebalancing America’s Air And Missile Defenses, ” Center for Strategic and Budgetary Assessments.
Roger Cliff, 2007. “Entering the Dragon’s Lair: Chinese Anti-access Strategies and Their Implications for The United States,” RAND Corporation.
網際網路
Andrew F. Krepinevich Jr., 2015/3-4. “How to Deter China: The Case for Archipelagic Defense,” Foreign Affairs, <https://www.foreignaffairs.com/articles/china/2015-02-16/how-deter-china>.
Alex Lockie, 2017/3/24. “The US Navy has a severe ‘missile gap’ with China and Russia- here’s how it can beat them anyway,” Business Insider, < https://www.businessinsider.com/missile-gap-us-navy-russia-china-lrasm-2017-3 >.
Air Force Magazine,
<http://www.airforcemag.com/Pages/HomePage.aspx>.
Army magazine, <https://www.ausa.org/publications/army-magazine>.
All Hands, Magazine of the U.S. Navy, <https://www.navy.mil/ah_online/>.
Army Worldwide News, <https://www.army.mil/news>.
Bill Gertz, 2010/12/27. “China has carrier-killer missile, U.S. admiral says,” The Washington Times, < https://www.washingtontimes.com/news/2010/dec/27/china-deploying-carrier-sinking-ballistic-missile/ >.
Bill Gertz, 2012/4/14. “The Navy’s Smart New Stealth Anti-Ship Missile Can Plan Its Own Attack,” Jalopnik, Monday, < https://foxtrotalpha.jalopnik.com/the-navys-smart-new-stealth-anti-ship-missile-can-plan-1666079462 >.
Benjamin Locks, 2015/6/23. “Bad Guys Know What Works: Asymmetric Warfare And The Third Offset,” War On The Rocks, < https://warontherocks.com/2015/06/bad-guys-know-what-works-asymmetric-warfare-and-the-third-offset/ >.
Ben Ho Wan Beng, 2016/5/24. “Opinion: It’s Time to Rethink U.S. Carrier CONOPS, ” Usin News, < https://news.usni.org/2016/05/24/carrier_conops>.
B.J. Armstrong, 2016/10/5. “The Shadow of Air-Sea Battle And The Sinking of A2/AD,” War On The Rocks, < https://warontherocks.com/2016/10/the-shadow-of-air-sea-battle-and-the-sinking-of-a2ad/ >.
CNN News,<https://edition.cnn.com/>.
Christopher J. McCarthy,2016/1/18。〈反介入∕區域拒止:現代戰爭的演變〉,《wmdcstdio》, <https://blog.csdn.net/wmdcstdio/article/details/50531481>。
Christopher P. Cavas, 2016. “CNO Bans ‘A2AD’ As Jargon,” Defense News,< https://www.defensenews.com/naval/2016/10/04/cno-bans-a2ad-as-jargon/>.
Center for Strategic and International Studies, <https://www.csis.org/>.
David B. Latter, 2018/7. “The U.S. Navy’s New Anti-ship Missile Scores a Hit at RIMPAC, But There’s a Twist,” Defense News, <http://www.defensenews.com/ naval/2018/07/20/the-us-navys-new-anti-ship-missile-scores-a-hit-at-rimpac -but-theres-a-twist/>.
C. Todd Lopez, 2019/8/2. “U.S. Withdraws From Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty,” Defense.Gov, < https://www.defense.gov/Explore/News/Article/Article/1924779/us-withdraws-from-intermediate-range-nuclear-forces-treaty/>.
Erik Slavin, 2010/7/19. “New Chinese anti-ship missile may complicate relations with U.S.,” Stars and Stripes, < https://www.stripes.com/news/new-chinese-anti-ship-missile-may-complicate-relations-with-u-s-1.111552 >.
Erik Slavin, 2014/9/28. “Analysts: Air-Sea Battle concept carries risks in possible conflict with China,” Stars and Stripes, < https://www.stripes.com/news/analysts-air-sea-battle-concept-carries-risks-in-possible-conflict-with-china-1.305505 >.
Foreign Affairs, <https://www.foreignaffairs.com/>.
Foreign Policy, < https://foreignpolicy.com/ >.
Greg Jaffe, 2012/8/1. “U.S. model for a future war fans tensions with China and inside Pentagon,” The Washington Post, < https://www.washingtonpost.com/world/national-security/us-model-for-a-future-war-fans-tensions-with-china-and-inside-pentagon/2012/08/01/gJQAC6F8PX_story.html >.
Harry J. Kazianis, 2017/2/28. “The U.S. Military’s Greatest Advantage Is Dying a Slow Death,” Popular Mechanics, < https://www.popularmechanics.com/military/research/a25417/us-military-jam-gc/ >.
International Security,
<https://www.mitpressjournals.org/action/showPublications>.
International Affairs Review, < http://www.iar-gwu.org/node/2>.
James Holmes, 2015/1/19. “Distributed Lethality: The Navy’s Fix For Anti-Access?,” War On The Rocks, < https://warontherocks.com/2015/01/distributed-lethality-the-navys-fix-for-anti-access/ >.
John Speed Meyers, 2015/8/4. “The Real Problem With Strikes On Mainland China,” War On The Rocks, < https://warontherocks.com/2015/08/the-real-problem-with-strikes-on-mainland-china/ >.
Jeffrey Becker, 2016/5/17. “Militarizing Musk,” War On The Rocks, <https://warontherocks.com/2016/05/militarizing-musk/ >.
Joseph Hanacek, 2019/2. “Island Forts: Land Forces Have Value in an Air-Sea Battle,” U.S. Naval Institute, <https://www.usni.org/magazines/proceedings/2019/february/island-forts-land-forces-have-value-air-sea-battle>.
Joint Force Quarterly, < https://ndupress.ndu.edu/jfq/ >.
Marc V. Schanz, 2011/10/31. “AirSea Battle’s Turbulent Year,” Air Force Magazine, < https://www.airforcemag.com/article/1011airsea/ >.
Marc V. Schanz, 2013/3/27. “AirSea Battle’s Battle,” Air Force Magazine, < https://www.airforcemag.com/article/0413battle/ >.
Mike Pietrucha, 2016/6/15. “Avoiding The Charge Of The Light Brigade Against China,” War On The Rocks, < https://warontherocks.com/2016/06/avoiding-the-charge-of-the-light-brigade-against-china/ >.
Military Review, <https://www.armyupress.army.mil/Military-Review/>.
Military Times, <https://www.militarytimes.com/>.
National Defense, <http://www.nationaldefensemagazine.org/>.
Otto Kreisher, 2013/11/25. “China’s Carrier Killer: Threat and Theatrics,” Air Force Magazine, < https://www.airforcemag.com/article/1213china/ >.
Research and Development, <https://www.rand.org/>.
Sandra I. Erwin, 2010/2/19. “New Study:U.S. Military Should Prepare for Hostile Reception in Western Pacific and Persian Gulf Regions,” National Defense, < https://www.nationaldefensemagazine.org/Articles/2010/2/19/New%20Study%20US%20Military%20Should%20Prepare%20for%20Hostile%20Reception%20in%20Western%20Pacific%20and%20Persian%20Gulf%20Regio >.
Sam Lagrone, 2012/8/6. “Pentagon’s ‘Air-Sea Battle’ Plan Explained. Finally,” Wired, < https://www.wired.com/2012/08/air-sea-battle-2/ >.
Sydney J. Freedberg Jr., 2015/1/14. “‘If It Floats, It Fights’: Navy Seeks ‘Distributed Lethality’,” Breaking Defense, < https://breakingdefense.com/2015/01/if-it-floats-it-fights-navy-seeks-distributed-lethality/ >.
Sam LaGrone, 2015/1/20. “Pentagon Drops Air Sea Battle Name, Concept Lives On, ”Usni News, < https://news.usni.org/2015/01/20/pentagon-drops-air-sea-battle-name-concept-lives >.
Sydney J. Freedberg Jr., 2015/1/22. “Transparent Sea: The Unstealthy Future Of Submarines,” Breaking Defense, < https://breakingdefense.com/2015/01/transparent-sea-the-unstealthy-future-of-submarines/ >.
Sandra I. Erwin, 2015/4/30. “The US Navy is trying to acquire devastating anti-ship stealth missiles,” Business Insider, < https://www.businessinsider.com/navy-closer-to-acquiring-anti-ship-stealth-missiles-2015-4 >.
Sydney J. Freedberg Jr., 2016/11/15. “A Bridgehead Too Far? CSBA’s Aggressive, Risky Strategy For Marines,” Breaking Defense, < https://breakingdefense.com/2016/11/a-bridgehead-too-far-csbas-aggressive-risky-strategy-for-marines/ >.
Thomas P. M. Barnett, 2012/8/8. “AirSea Battle: The Military-Industrial Complex’s Self-Serving Fantasy,” Times, < https://nation.time.com/2012/08/08/airsea-battle-the-military-industrial-complexs-self-serving-fantasy/ >.
Thomas Gibbons-Neff, 2016/2/22. “One of the crucial components of America’s global military might is being threatened,” Business Insider, < https://www.businessinsider.com/one-of-the-crucial-components-of-americas-global-military-might-is-being-threatened-2016-2 >.
Theresa Hitchens, 2019/11/11, “Congress Stalls INF-Busting Missiles & Nuke Treaty Withdrawal,” Breaking Defense, < https://breakingdefense.com/2019/12/congress-stalls-inf-busting-missiles-nuke-treaty-withdrawal/ >.
The American Conservative, < https://www.theamericanconservative.com/ >.
The New York Times, <https://nytlicensing.com/?ref=nytsyn.com>.
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Yale Journal of International Affairs, < http://yalejournal.org/ >.

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