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研究生:吳佳泓
研究生(外文):Wu,Chia-Hung
論文名稱:智慧型穿戴裝置於國軍戰訓任務生理監測之研究
論文名稱(外文):A Study of Intelligent Wearable Device Applied on Monitoring Physiology Related to Army Training
指導教授:石裕川石裕川引用關係
指導教授(外文):SHIH, YUH-CHUAN
口試委員:馮文陽温志浩鄭志展石裕川林志隆
口試委員(外文):FENG, WEN-YANGWEN, CHIH-HAOCHENG, CHIH-CHANSHIH, YUH-CHUANLIN, CHIH-LONG
口試日期:2020-05-04
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國防大學
系所名稱:運籌管理學系
學門:商業及管理學門
學類:行銷與流通學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:74
中文關鍵詞:軍事作訓行軍安全監測智慧型穿戴裝置
外文關鍵詞:military trainingmarchingsecurity monitoringsmart wearables
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智慧型穿戴裝置隨通訊技術與雲端科技之發達而愈益普及,並廣泛運用於健康管理、醫療照護,與運動健身等領域。此類裝置尚未於較激烈的軍事作訓中進行使用與測試,故本研究主要目的是以行軍任務為研究議題,驗證此類裝置於任務遂行中安全監測之可行性,俾使國軍執行戰訓任務能更順利及安全。
本研究共募集海軍陸戰隊員6男6女,合計12員,於長距離行軍任務時穿戴智慧生理衣搭配ECG感測器來進行戰鬥人員之生理負荷量測;過程中同時記錄環境溫濕度、行走路線與時間。為期五天的行軍過程中,受試者需全程穿戴智慧生理裝置,並穿著「單兵戰鬥個人裝具」及攜配賦之武器裝備。
本研究為首次探討智慧衣於陸戰隊長途行軍負荷監控應用之可行性,研究結果顯示女性陸戰隊員之行軍負荷高於男性,尤其於行軍競賽路段,女性負荷強度高達80%HRmax,另女性負重感受及負重比均高於男性,故未來於行軍任務之派遣規劃或休息安排,以及性別差異與體格(重)篩選,或者背負裝備之分配均應納入考量,以避免造成訓練損傷,而本研究受測樣本之負重比小於全營平均負重比,故陸戰隊實際行軍負荷應更為嚴苛,另行軍的肌肉骨骼痠痛不適以肩及腳底為最,故應優先列為改善部位,如背包、鞋(墊)等。最後,五日行軍過程顯示智慧衣可運用於軍事戰訓任務之負荷監控,除心率蒐集穩定性仍有相關改善方向,如行軍背負攜行裝備的干擾及女性身型特徵配適等服裝問題,或許可採黏貼式貼片替代,另針對國軍通訊資安要求等問題,則應加強離線存取或加密傳輸等功能,以持續用於未來軍事戰訓任務之應用及驗證。

With the development of communication technology and cloud computing, intelligent wearable devices are more and more ubiquitous. They’re widely applied in health management, medical treatment, sports, fitness and other fields. However, the devices haven’t used and tested in intensive military trainings, so the aim of this study is to verify the feasibility of these devices in the performance of loaded march. It aims to make combat training tasks carried out more smoothly and safely.
The study recruited six male and six female Marines wearing smart clothes with ECG sensors during their mission. At the same time their physical loads, the environmental humidity, march routes and time were measured. During the five-day march, all the subjects had to wear the devices all day long (except rest time, and devices recharging).
This is the first study used smart ECG clothes to collect data during march and we want to verify the feasibility of safety monitoring. The results showed that females exceeded males in march load performance. Females’ load was up to 80% HRmax. Meanwhile, female’s perception of fatigue and the carry load were higher than male’s. Therefore, we should take genders, physiques and load arrangements into consideration to avoid training injury. The average load ratio of the subject in this study is smaller than the camp. The musculoskeletal pain in actual situation is more severe, especially in shoulder and sole. So, backpack or shoe should be improved first. Finally, the result shows the wearable devices could be applied to monitor loaded march apart from collecting heart rate stably. It maybe improve stability by patch instead of clothing. Communication security to upgrade offline storage and encrypt transmission is also need for army.

目錄
致謝 i
摘要 ii
Abstract iii
目錄 iv
表目錄 vii
圖目錄 ix
第一章 緒論 1
1.1、研究背景與動機 1
1.2、研究目的 3
1.3、研究範圍 3
1.4、研究流程 4
第二章 文獻回顧 5
2.1、智慧穿戴裝置 5
2.2、穿戴裝置應用與技術 11
2.3、心搏率 14
2.4、行軍負荷概述 22
2.4.1、負重 23
2.4.2、速度 25
2.5、主觀知覺評量 26
2.6、文獻探討總結 28
第三章 研究方法 29
3.1、研究對象 29
3.2、實驗儀器與設備 30
3.3、實驗流程與步驟 32
3.4、實驗設計 40
3.4.1、自變數 40
3.4.2、應變數 40
第四章 結果與討論 41
4.1、受試者敘述性統計 41
4.2、心搏率統計分析 42
4.2.1、心搏裝置蒐集率 42
4.2.2、五日行軍與休息之心搏強度分析 44
4.2.3、不同行軍路段之心搏強度分析 45
4.2.4、行軍負重心搏強度分析 47
4.3、行軍主觀問卷分析 48
4.3.1、行軍主觀感受 48
4.3.2、肌肉骨骼不適感受 53
4.4、綜合討論 56
4.4.1、心搏裝置蒐集率 56
4.4.2、五日行軍與休息之心搏強度 57
4.4.3、不同行軍路段之心搏強度 57
4.4.4、行軍負重與心搏強度之關係 59
4.4.5、行軍主觀感受 59
4.4.6、肌肉骨骼不適感受 60
第五章 結論與建議 63
5.1、結論 63
5.2、建議 65
參考文獻 67
一、中文部份 67
二、外文部份 69
附錄A 負重長途行軍現況調查 73
附錄B 行軍現況量表 74


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