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研究生:林士恩
研究生(外文):LIN, SHIH-EN
論文名稱:SEBS/ABS改質乳化瀝青的性能探討
論文名稱(外文):Properties Evaluation of SEBS/ABS Polymer Modified Asphalt Emulsions
指導教授:蔡平賜蔡平賜引用關係
指導教授(外文):TSAI, PING-SZU
口試委員:劉文宗吳瑞泰蔡平賜
口試委員(外文):LIU, WEN-ZONGWU, JUI-TAITSAI, PING-SZU
口試日期:2020-07-25
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立高雄科技大學
系所名稱:化學工程與材料工程系
學門:工程學門
學類:化學工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:128
中文關鍵詞:改質乳化瀝青高分子改質劑儲存穩定性動態黏彈性
外文關鍵詞:Asphalt EmulsionsModified AsphaltStorage StabilityDynamic Shear Rheometer (DSR)
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乳化瀝青具有可以在常溫下使用、便於施工、安全、節能及環保等優點,在道路的修護及微表層處理技術方面都有極大的應用。然而,傳統的乳化瀝青仍然存在儲存穩定性及力學性能不佳問題,本研究之高分子改質乳化瀝青期望改善上述問題。
實驗第一部份使用苯乙烯-乙烯/丁烯-苯乙烯共聚物(SEBS)和丙烯腈-丁二烯-苯乙烯共聚物(ABS)製備改質瀝青並探討高分子對瀝青針入度、軟化點及延性之影響;第二部份使用不同高分子改質瀝青乳化成改質乳化瀝青並探討其對改質乳化瀝青之穩定性、物性及動態黏彈性的影響。
實驗結果顯示,改質瀝青隨著SEBS及ABS的共同或個別添加量增加皆使針入度降低,而軟化點和延性則是僅隨著SEBS的添加量而上升。改質乳化瀝青的針入度隨ABS增加而下降,儲存穩定性、軟化點及延性隨SEBS添加而提升。動態黏彈性數據分析顯示SEBS的添加使改質乳化瀝青之儲存模數(G')上升、相位角降低以及車轍因子上升,表示改質後的乳化瀝青更具彈性及抗車轍之能力。

Asphalt emulsion has the advantages of being usable at room temperature, easy to construct, safe, energy-saving, and environment-friendly, and has great applications in road maintenance and micro-surfacing. Nevertheless, asphalt emulsion still has some problems, such as storage stability and mechanical properties. This research on the polymer modified asphalt emulsions expects to improve the above problems.
The first part of the experiment used styrene-ethylene/butylene-styrene (SEBS) and acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene (ABS) to prepare modified asphalts, then investigated the effect of SEBS/ABS modifiers on penetration, softening point and ductility. The second part used modified asphalts and surfactants to prepare modified asphalt emulsions, discussed the effect of emulsification on storage stability, physical properties and dynamic viscoelasticity.
The experimental results showed that the additions of the combined or individual SEBS and ABS decreased the penetrations of modified asphalts, while the softening point and ductility increased only on the condition of adding SEBS. The analysis of the dynamic viscoelastic data of the modified asphalt emulsions showed that the addition of SEBS not only decreased the phase angle but also increased the storage modulus (G') and the rutting factor, indicating that the modified asphalt emulsions possessed elasticity and ability of resistant rutting.

摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 IV
目錄 V
表目錄 IX
圖目錄 X
第一章 緒論 1
1-1 前言 1
1-2 研究動機 2
1-3 研究架構 3
第二章 文獻回顧 4
2-1 石油瀝青 4
2-1-1 飽和烴 5
2-1-2 芳香族 6
2-1-3 樹脂 7
2-1-4 瀝青質 7
2-2 改質石油瀝青 8
2-2-1 高分子改質 9
2-2-2 改質瀝青文獻回顧 10
2-3 乳化瀝青 12
2-3-1 乳化瀝青的種類 12
2-3-2 應用 15
2-3-3 乳化穩定原理 15
2-3-4 破乳機制 18
2-3-5 乳化瀝青文獻回顧 19
2-4 改質乳化瀝青 20
2-4-1 改質乳化瀝青的製作方法 21
2-4-2 改質乳化瀝青文獻回顧 24
2-5 流變性能 25
2-5-1 相關知識 25
2-5-2 文獻回顧 28
第三章 實驗藥品、設備及方法 30
3-1 實驗藥品 30
3-2 實驗設備 33
3-3 實驗步驟 34
3-3-1 改質瀝青之製備 34
3-3-2 改質乳化瀝青之製備 35
3-4 樣品命名 36
3-5 改質瀝青分析方法 37
3-5-1 針入度試驗 37
3-5-2 軟化點試驗及離析試驗 38
3-5-3 延性試驗 39
3-5-4 穿透式光學顯微鏡觀察 40
3-5-5 熱重損失分析 41
3-6 改質乳化瀝青-乳液分析方法 42
3-6-1 固含量檢測 42
3-6-2 儲存穩定性 42
3-6-3 粒徑分析 42
3-6-4 黏度 43
3-7 改質乳化瀝青-蒸發殘留物分析方法 44
3-7-1 針入度試驗 44
3-7-2 軟化點試驗 44
3-7-3 延性試驗 45
3-7-4 官能基分析 45
3-7-5 動態黏彈性分析 45
第四章 結果與討論 47
4-1 改質瀝青分析結果 47
4-1-1 針入度 47
4-1-2 軟化點及離析試驗 50
4-1-3 延性 54
4-1-4 穿透式光學顯微鏡觀察 57
4-1-5 熱重損失分析 61
4-2 改質乳化瀝青乳液分析結果 63
4-2-1 固含量 63
4-2-2 儲存穩定性 64
4-2-3 粒徑觀察與分析 68
4-2-4 黏度 73
4-3 改質乳化瀝青蒸發殘留物分析結果 76
4-3-1 針入度 76
4-3-2 軟化點 80
4-3-3 延性 83
4-3-4 官能基分析 86
4-3-5 動態黏彈性分析 88
第五章 結論 104
5-1結論 104
5-2建議 105
第六章 參考文獻 106

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