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研究生:何長江
研究生(外文):Ho,Chang-Chiang
論文名稱:如何從GMP優良食品加工廠指標訂出廢棄物處理廠的評鑑指標
論文名稱(外文):How to Set a Good Waste Treatment Plant Evaluation Indicators from GMP Factory Indicators
指導教授:黃武章
指導教授(外文):Huang,Wu-Jang
口試委員:周明顯陳瑞仁黃武章
口試日期:2020-05-30
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立屏東科技大學
系所名稱:環境工程與科學系所
學門:工程學門
學類:環境工程學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:61
中文關鍵詞:廢棄物評鑑指標食品良好作業規範廢棄物處理廠循環經濟
外文關鍵詞:wasteevaluation indicatorsfood good practicewaste treatment plantscircular economy.
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鑒於事業廢棄物的處理與民眾的日常生活和環境衛生息息相關,若處理不當將造成環境污染進而影響人民健康。自2002年國內積極發展事業廢棄物再利用以來。事業廢棄物再利用率已達89%。也造成即便政府長期努力稽查廢棄物處理作業,再生產品去化不順及處理不當事件層出問題日益嚴重。本實驗室提出可訂出廢棄物處理廠相關評鑑指標,以促使廢棄物處理廠處理廢棄物能更加完善,以達2016年政府宣示循環經濟之目標。即是把事業廢棄物轉換為再生資源,提升天然資源使用效率,進而創造資源循環的價值。本研究係以問卷調查方式探討國內之公民營廢棄物清除業、處理業、清理業及再利用業對於如何訂出廢棄物處理廠評鑑指標之管理及目前台灣最欠缺哪種廢棄物市場回收價值與最欠缺哪種處理廠作調查分析。研究調查結果顯示高達94%受訪公司代表贊同推動廢棄物處理廠評鑑指標,有77%受訪公司代表認為廢棄物處理廠評鑑指標應由政府來推動、有65%受訪公司代表認為廢棄物處理廠評鑑應由行政院環保局來執行,有89%受訪公司代表認為推動廢棄物處理廠評鑑指標對廢棄物管理及處理有幫助。就哪些項目應列入評鑑指標而言,處理廢棄物之能力佔91%,所收受之廢棄物是否有依規定於期限內妥善處理完成佔89%,是否有依廢棄物清理法及公民營廢棄物處理許可文件內容規定辦理佔78%。另有89%受訪公司代表認為塑膠是目前台灣民生垃圾中最欠缺市場回收價值,有96%受訪公司代表認為污泥及灰渣是目前台灣事業廢棄物最欠缺市場回收價值,有94%受訪公司代表認為安定掩埋是目前台灣處理有害事業廢棄物最欠缺的處理廠。最後依據研究結果,提出結論與後續研究之建議,以作為台灣相關環保業務管理之參考。
In view of the fact that industrial waste disposal is closely related to people life and environmental sanitation, improper disposal causes environmental pollution and affects human health. Since 2002, Taiwan started to developed business on industrial waste recycling. The recycle percentage of industrial waste has reached to 89%. It has also caused serious problems in the event of irregularities in the recycling of recycled products and improper handling of the waste even though the government has been working hard to audit waste disposal operations.Our laboratory proposes that the set relevant evaluation indicators for waste disposal plants. In order to promote the waste treatment plant to process waste more fully,so as to achieve the goal of the circular economy announced by Taiwan government in 2016,That is to convert industrial waste into renewable resources, improve the efficiency of the use of natural resources, and then create the recycling benefits. This thesis is aimed to investigate the management of domestic waste disposal, disposal, cleaning and recycling industries. The domestic questionnaire survey was proposed on howto set the evaluation indicators for waste treatment plants and which waste market recycling is currently lacking in Taiwan, basing on good manufacturing practice indicators of food factory. Value and what kind of treatment plant is most lacking for investigation and analysis. The research results showed that 94% of interviewed company representatives agreed to promote the evaluation index of waste treatment plants, 77% of interviewed company representatives convinced that the evaluation index of waste treatment plants should be promoted by the government, and 65% of interviewed company representatives considered that the evaluation of waste treatment plants should be implemented by the Environmental Protection Bureau of the Executive Yuan. There are 89% of interviewed company representatives believed that promoting the evaluation index of waste treatment plants is helpful to waste management and treatment. In terms of which items should be included in the evaluation indicators, the capacity to treat waste accounts for 91%, whether the received waste has been properly disposed of within the deadline and accounted for 89%. Whether there is a permit for waste disposal in accordance with the waste cleanup law and municipal solid waste. The content of the documents stipulated that were handled for 78%. In addition, there are 89% of interviewed company representatives considered that plastics are the most inadequately recycled plastics in Taiwan's livelihood garbage. 96% of interviewed company representatives thought that sludge and ashes are the most inadequately recycled plastics in Taiwan's commercial waste. 94% of interviewed company representatives believed that stable landfill is currently the most inadequate treatment plant in Taiwan to deal with hazardous business waste. Eventually, based on the research results, conclusions and recommendations for follow-up research are put forward as a reference for Taiwan's related environmental management.
目錄

摘要…………………………………………………………………………Ⅰ
Abstract……………………………………………………………………...Ⅲ
謝誌………………………………………………………………………….Ⅴ
目錄………………………………………………………………………….Ⅵ
表目錄……………………………………………………………………….Ⅷ
圖目錄……………………………………………………………………….Ⅸ
第 1 章前言………………………………………………………………...1
1.1研究緣起………………………………………………………………...1
1.2研究目的………………………………………………………………...2
第 2 章文獻回顧…………………………………………………………...4
2.1事業廢棄物的定義……………………………………...………………4
2.2事業廢棄物處理廠現況…………………………...……………………5
2.3事業廢棄物管理之問題癥結………………………………………..….7
2.4食品良好作業規範推行方案……………………………………….…10
2.5食品GMP之興衰…………………………………………………..…12
2.6台灣優良食品驗證方案…………………………………………….…17
2.7行政院環境保護署垃圾資源回收(焚化)廠查核評鑑要點…...22
第 3 章研究方法………………………………………………………… 26
3.1研究範圍與流程…………………………………………………….…26
3.2問卷編製與調查對象………………………………………………….28
3.3問卷調查統計……………………………………………………….…29
3.4分析統計方法……………………………………………………….…29
第 4 章結果與討論……………………………………………………….30
4.1推動廢棄物處理廠評鑑指標認知問項……………………………….30
4.1.1您認為目前台灣的廢棄物處理面臨那些問題……………..…30
4.1.2您是否贊同推動廢棄物處理廠評鑑指標………………………. …33
4.1.3如要推動廢棄物處理廠評鑑指標您認為應由那個單位來推動35
4.1.4您認為廢棄物處理廠評鑑應由那個機關執行………………..36
4.1.5推動廢棄物處理廠評鑑指標您認為對廢棄物管理及處理是否有幫助……………………………………………………………...38
4.1.6如要擬定處理廠評鑑指標內容您認為應有哪些項目列入評鑑指標 ……………………………………………………………......39
4.2廢棄物市場回收價值及欠缺哪種處理廠問項…………….…………42
4.2.1您認為目前台灣的民生垃圾那類成分尚具市場回收價值問題42
4.2.2您認為目前台灣的哪種事業廢棄物最欠缺市場回收價值問題43
4.2.3您認為目前台灣的有害事業廢棄物最欠缺哪種處理廠…..…44
4.3討論………………………………………………………………….….45
4.3.1推動廢棄物處理廠評鑑指標認知問項方面……………………..…45
4.3.2廢棄物市場回收價值及欠缺哪種處理廠問項方面……….…….....45
第 5 章結論與建議……………………………………………………….49
5.1結論………………………………………………………………..…...49
5.2建議…………………………………………………………..………...50
參考文獻…………………………………………………………………...53
附錄………………………………………………………………………...56
作者簡介…………………………………………………………………...61
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