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研究生:宋寶寧
研究生(外文):Anna Erzsebet Szucs
論文名稱:現代太平洋文學中的日常用品與原住民行動主義的冒現
論文名稱(外文):Everyday Objects and the Emergence of Indigenous Activism in Contemporary Pacific Islanders’ Literature
指導教授:黃心雅黃心雅引用關係
指導教授(外文):Huang Hsinya
學位類別:博士
校院名稱:國立中山大學
系所名稱:外國語文學系研究所
學門:人文學門
學類:外國語文學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:英文
論文頁數:230
中文關鍵詞:日常物品文學中的抗爭元素物質文化太平洋島嶼文學文學中的行動主義原住民文學後殖民研究原住民運動
外文關鍵詞:Indigenous movementsresistance in literatureIndigenous literatureactivism in literaturematerial cultureeveryday objectspostcolonial studiesPacific Islanders’ literature
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此研究旨在探究一般物品在太平洋群島文學中的本質和功能。此研究的假設為日常物品在文學文本中被賦予「任務」,亦即傳達抵抗、抗議和行動主義的訊息。文學一直都是反對不公的重要發聲平台,且行動主義和原住民文學往往有所連結。全球的原住民文學作者將文學作品當作政治行動。太平洋群島的作者特別著重於殖民主義後其家鄉土地及太平洋群島的負面影響。在作品中他們持續提醒讀者其人民受到的不當對待以及首先由殖民者奪取,後由於海平面上升而消失的土地,同時也是殖民活動和現代發展的後果。為了證明假設的日常物品有其「任務」,此研究理論架構奠基於後殖民思想、後結構主義概念、生態文學批評和原住民理論,並分析太平洋群島文學作者。每一章節聚焦於日常用品的不同層面,如原住民語言和翻譯的重要性、性別角色和其在傳統社會中的重要性、古老的夏威夷隱喻(kaona)在現代文學中的復興以及運動人士所賦予其上的意義,最後則是糧食不公和食物主權在太平洋群島文學中的表現方式。聚焦於這些文學文本中的日常物品、文本分析中明顯的重複模式和基本元素,結果皆指向此研究最初提及的假設。亦即,日常物品除了日常的含義和文學意義外,也帶著更深的文化訊息與基進意涵,並對太平洋群島文學有深遠影響。因此,此研究獲得結論為太平洋島嶼文學文本中的日常物品在孕育傳統和延續原住民知識,強化族群主體性,提升社會和環境意識,並對太平洋群島當代問題提出受原民文學啟發或作為基礎的可能解決辦法。
This study investigates the nature and function of ordinary objects presented in Pacific Islanders’ literature. It argues that everyday objects are placed in literary texts to convey messages of resistance, protest and activism. Indigenous authors around the world create literature as a political act. Writers of the Pacific islands remind their readers of the mistreatment inflicted on their people and the disappearing lands that were taken over first by the colonizers, and later by salt-water due to the rising sea level, also a result of colonization and modern developments. The study develops a theoretical framework based on Indigenous theories, supported by postcolonial thoughts, ecocriticism and post-structuralist reading of the texts, to analyze literary works from a number of Pacific Islander authors. Each chapter focuses on a different aspect of ordinary objects, for instance, the significance of maintaining the meaning and value of traditional objects through Indigenous languages, gendered objects and the gender roles that are associated with them in traditional Indigenous societies, the revival of an old rhetorical device (kaona) that carries on the old tradition of anti-colonial resistance in contemporary literature, and finally, food injustice and aspiration for food sovereignty in the Pacific region performed in literature. Ordinary objects, besides their everyday connotations and literal meanings, carry deeper cultural and historical messages. Their additional meanings come from stories, histories, traditions and customs that the Pacific communities share. Indigenous authors acknowledge the significance of these objects by placing them into literary texts and giving voice to their people through the familiar objects. The study concludes that the main purpose of placing everyday objects in literary texts is to reinforce activism by recovering traditions and sustaining Indigenous knowledge, to raise awareness about social, cultural, and environmental issues related to the Indigenous islands, and to suggest possible solutions, inspired by and based on Indigenous cultures, to contemporary problems of the Pacific.
論文審定書 i
Acknowledgments ii
摘要 iv
Abstract v
Table of Contents vii
Chapter One Activism Meets Literature in the Pacific 1
Chapter Two Reading the Mission of Everyday Objects 17
Chapter Three Decolonizing Guam with Poetry:
“Everyday Objects with Mission” in Craig Santos Perez’s Poetry 41

Chapter Four Waka and Basket – Carriers of Cultures:
Robert Sullivan’s Star Waka and Kathy Jetñil-Kijiner’s Iep Jāltok 81


Chapter Five The Comparable Mission of Kaona and Everyday Objects in Contemporary Hawaiian Poetry 113

Chapter Six Aspiring Indigenous Food Sovereignty through Literature 149
Chapter Seven Conclusion 197
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