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研究生:朱韻丞
研究生(外文):CHU,YUN-CHENG
論文名稱:田徑5000公尺和10000公尺世界級選手比賽配速策略分析
論文名稱(外文):An Analysis of the Pacing Strategies Adopted by Elite Track and Field 5000-m and 10000-m Athletics
指導教授:張立羣張立羣引用關係
指導教授(外文):CHANG,LI-CHUN
口試委員:鐘瓊珠許弘恩
口試委員(外文):CHUNG,CHIUNG-CHUHSU,HUNG-EN
口試日期:2020-07-10
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺灣體育運動大學
系所名稱:競技運動學系碩士班
學門:民生學門
學類:競技運動學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:33
中文關鍵詞:配速策略運動表現分析世界級選手
外文關鍵詞:pacing strategysports performance analysisworld athletes
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目的: 探討世界級田徑5000公尺和10000公尺男子和女子選手比賽配速策略之特徵與差異。方法: 以2013年、2015年、2017年、2019年世界田徑錦標賽和2016年奧林匹克運動會男子和女子5000公尺和10000公尺決賽的前八名選手為研究對象,分析160名選手。從國際田徑總會和國際奧林匹克委員會官方網站,收集研究對象的比賽成績和每100公尺分段的時間,進一步計算每1000公尺的分段速率和分段速率百分比,再將選手分成第1名至第3名和第4名至第8名兩個名次組別,以混合設計二因子變異數分析比較5000公尺和10000公尺男子和女子以及兩個名次組別,在分段速率百分比之差異。結果: 男子和女子選手的比賽配速策略相似,在5000公尺項目男子和女子選手在最初1000公尺的分段速率為最慢,以最後1000公尺的分段速率最快。在10000公尺項目,男子選手在最後3000公尺進行加速,女子選手則是在最後2000公尺加速。在5000公尺和10000公尺比賽過程中,男子和女子選手跑步速率的變化不大。此外在男子和女子的第1名至第3名和第4名至第8名這兩個組別選手的配速策略也同樣相似。結論:世界級田徑5000公尺和10000公尺男子和女子選手在比賽中皆採用均速配速策略,並在最後1000公尺分段的速率最快。
Purpose: This was study to analyze characteristics and differences of the 5000-m and 10000m world-class track and field male and female athletes’ pacing strategy. Method: The subject were the 2013, 2015, 2017, and 2019 World Athletics Championships and 2016 Olympic Games top eight male and female athletes in the 5000-m and 10000-m final. All data for this study were obtained from the World Athletics and the International Olympic Committee websites. The data included athlete finishing times and 100-m split times to calculate the 1000-m split speed and the percentage of mean speed. In each race, athletes were grouped for the purposes of analysis and comparison. These groups were the top three finishers (“medalists”) and those finishing 4th to 8th (“Top 8”). The mixed design of two-way ANOVA was conducted on the percentage of mean speed to identify the difference between male and female. Results: The pacing strategy was remarkably similar between male and female. In the 5000-m event, the male and female had the slowest split speed in the first segment, the fifth segment had the fastest split speed in the 5000-m. In the 10000-m event, the male has accelerating in the last three kilometers and female in the last two kilometers. The running speed of male and female during the race did not change much. In addition, male and female have similar pace strategies in the medalists and the Top 8 groups. Conclusion: The world-class 5000-m and 10000-m track and field male and female athletes use the same the even pacing strategies, and the fastest speed in the last 1000 meters segment.


摘要 I
Abstract II
致謝 III
目錄 IV
表目錄 VI
圖目錄 VII
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 研究背景 1
第二節 研究目的 5
第三節 研究範圍 5
第四節 研究限制 5
第五節 名詞解釋與操作定義 6
第貳章 文獻探討 7
第一節 影響田徑長距離項目表現的因素 7
第二節 比賽配速策略與相關研究 8
第三節 文獻總結 11
第參章 研究方法 13
第一節 研究對象 13
第二節 資料蒐集 13
第三節 資料處理 14
第四節 統計分析 14
第肆章 結果 16
第一節 5000公尺世界級選手比賽配速策略 16
第二節 10000公尺世界級選手比賽配速策略 23
第伍章 討論 29
第陸章 結論與建議 32
參考文獻 33

中文部分
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