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研究生:張錫敏
研究生(外文):CHANG, HSI-MIN
論文名稱:視錯覺對兒童投擲表現的影響
論文名稱(外文):The Effect of Visual Illusion on Children's Throwing Performance
指導教授:林靜兒林靜兒引用關係
指導教授(外文):LIN, CHING-ER
口試委員:陳重佑聶喬齡
口試委員(外文):CHEN, CHUNG-YUNIEN, CHIAO-LIN
口試日期:2020-06-20
學位類別:碩士
校院名稱:國立臺中教育大學
系所名稱:體育學系碩士在職專班
學門:教育學門
學類:專業科目教育學類
論文種類:學術論文
論文出版年:2020
畢業學年度:108
語文別:中文
論文頁數:48
中文關鍵詞:艾賓浩斯錯覺自我效能準確度穩定度過肩投擲
外文關鍵詞:Ebbinghaus illusionself-efficacyaccuracystabilityoverhand throwing
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目的:目前實徵研究顯示,視錯覺能提升自我效能,亦是影響個體動作表現的因素之一,且過肩投擲是兒童動作發展的基本動作。因此,本研究探討視錯覺對兒童的知覺、自我效能與投擲表現的影響。方法:招募36名國小男性兒童 (平均年齡:11.31 ± 0.29歲),採受試者內設計,讓實驗參加者在圓形目標沒有艾賓浩斯錯覺的控制組,以及艾賓浩斯錯覺中圓形目標環繞較大圓圈和圓形目標環繞較小圓圈等三種情境下,各完成10次投擲,共計30球。依變項為各情境圓形目標的知覺大小、自我效能、離心誤差、偏差以及變異誤差。結果:經相依樣本單因子變異數 (one-way ANOVA) 分析與LSD事後比較發現,圓形目標環繞較小圓圈的知覺大小 (2.86 ± 0.77公分) 顯著大於控制組 (2.73 ± 0.66公分) 以及圓形目標環繞較大圓圈 (2.63 ± 0.71公分) 之情境;控制組 (2.73 ± 0.66公分) 的知覺大小顯著大於圓形目標環繞較大圓圈 (2.63 ± 0.71公分) 之情境。控制組 (42.22 ± 21.58分)、圓形目標環繞較小圓圈 (42.16 ± 20.45分) 的自我效能顯著大於圓形目標環繞較大圓圈 (37.56 ± 18.65分) 之情境。三種情境的投擲準確度與穩定度沒有顯著差異。結論:視錯覺會影響兒童的知覺大小、促進投擲動作之自我效能,但沒有改變投擲的準確度與穩定度。
Purpose: Empirical studies have demonstrated that visual illusions can enhance one’s self-efficacy, and in turns, affect individual motor performance. The overhand throwing has been considered as one of the fundamental motor skill in childhood. Therefore, this study attempts to explore the effects of visual illusion on children's perception regarding the sizes of the objects, self-efficacy, and throwing performance. Method: Thirty-six male students of elementary school age served as participants (mean age: 11.31 ± 0.29 years old). Using the within-participant design, each participant completed 10 times of overhand throwing for each round targets visual stimulus (control group, surrounding larger circles’ group, and surrounding smaller circles’ group). Each participant completed 30 trials during all process. Dependent variables were perceived size of the targets, self-efficacy, radial error, standard error and variable error. Data were analyzed by one-way repeated measures ANOVA. LSD post hoc procedures were used for follow-up testing. Results: The perceived size of the target circle surrounding smaller circles’ group (2.86 ± 0.77 cm) is significantly larger than the control group (2.73 ± 0.66 cm) and the target circle surrounding the larger circles’ group (2.63 ± 0.71 cm); the perceived size of the control group (2.73 ± 0.66 cm) is significantly larger than that of the target circle surrounding larger circles’ group (2.63 ± 0.71 cm). The self-efficacy scores of the control group (42.22 ± 21.58 points) and the target circle surrounding smaller circles’ group (42.16 ± 20.45 points) are significantly larger than that of the target circle surrounding the larger circles’ group (37.56 ± 18.65 points). Nonetheless, there is no significant difference in the accuracy and stability of throwing across the three groups. Conclusion: Visual illusion affects children's perception regarding the sizes of the objects and enhance self-efficacy, but it does not affect the accuracy and stability of throwing performance.
目次
中文摘要 Ⅰ
英文摘要 Ⅱ
目次 Ⅲ
圖目次 Ⅵ
表目次 Ⅶ
第壹章 緒論 1
第一節 問題背景 1
第二節 研究問題與假說 5
第三節 研究假定與限制 6
第四節 名詞解釋 7
第五節 研究的重要性 8
第貳章 文獻探討 9
第一節 動作技能學習理論 9
第二節 投擲之相關研究 10
第三節 視錯覺之相關研究 11
第四節 結語 13
第參章 研究方法 15
第一節 實驗參加者 15
第二節 實驗設計 15
第三節 實驗器材與場地佈置 18
第四節 實驗流程 19
第五節 資料處理與統計分析 21
第肆章 結果 22
第一節 知覺大小 22
第二節 自我效能 25
第三節 RE 25
第四節 SE 26
第五節 VE 27
第伍章 討論 28
第一節 知覺大小 28
第二節 自我效能 29
第三節 投擲表現 30
第四節 綜合討論 31
第陸章 結論與建議 33
第一節 結論 33
第二節 建議 33
參考文獻 34
中文部分 34
英文部分 34
附錄 41
附錄一 自我效能問卷 41
附錄二 受試者同意書 42
附錄三 兒童說明同意書 46
附錄四 人體試驗委員會同意書 49
圖目次
圖1 PST情境 16
圖2 PLT情境 16
圖3 標準化距離假想圓 17
圖4 實驗操作流程圖 20
圖5 控制組、PST、PLT的圓形目標知覺大小 22
圖6 控制組、PST、PLT的自我效能問卷分數 25
圖7 控制組、PST、PLT的離心誤差 26
圖8 控制組、PST、PLT的偏差 26
圖9 控制組、PST、PLT的變異誤差 27











表目次
表1 各情境投擲表現的平均數與標準差 23
表2 投擲表現的相依樣本單因子變異數分析摘要表 24


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